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Ludy Goodson, Center for Excellence in Teaching

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Any studies done about how well it reduces plagiarism? ... Mamma. Yahoo. Altavista. Hotbot. Askjeeves. Search Example 2. Geology ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ludy Goodson, Center for Excellence in Teaching


1
Quick Fixes for Intellectual Integrity
  • Ludy Goodson, Center for Excellence in Teaching
  • Judi Repman, Leadership, Technology, and Human
    Development
  • Jocelyn Poole, Dr. Sonya Shepherd, Zach. S.
    Henderson Library

2
  • http//academics.georgiasouthern.edu/cet/ludy_mer
    lot

3
Questions
  • What is your quick fix?
  • How does your quick fix work? How well? False
    positives? False negatives?
  • Any studies done about how well it reduces
    plagiarism?
  • Or is it just hype, ease, or accountability-hand-o
    ff?
  • And how much difference does assignment structure
    and renewal of assignments make?
  • What approach is more effective? What can you do?
  • To begina few other questions

4
Student Context
  • computers
  • rapid access
  • cut-and-paste
  • whole papers
  • excerpts
  • fees
  • stock assignments

5
oftenmaybe
  • 75...CAI (Center for Academic Integrity)
    Research, Duke University
  • less (Chronicle of Higher Education)
  • before college (American School Board Journal)

6
definitions change reports
  • McCabe KSU Study, Professor of Organization
    Management at Rutgers, sponsored by Center for
    Academic Integrity at Duke University, 1999 2003
    followup Study
  • Plagiarize using Internet? 8-13
  • Obtain from paper mill or web?4-7 (1999) , 8
    NC, 2 C (2003)Is this serious cheating? (2003)
    83-86
  • A few sentences without footnotes? 36-45
    (1999), 8-33 Written (2003),Internet 6
    (2003)Is this serious cheating? (2003) 35-38

7
why
  • Lack of skills
  • Confusion
  • Careless note taking
  • Cultural dispositions
  • Panic, pressure
  • Procrastination
  • Schoolsucks.com download your workload

8
why
  • Parentspressure
  • Librarianshelp find sites
  • Facultyassignments
  • Peerssocial, prestige

9
how
10
Plagiarizing Examples
  • English
  • Physical Geology
  • Art History

11
Plagiarizing Example 1-English
  • Politics How does a particular novel -- say,
    Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale -- raise its
    political questions? And does it raise these
    questions effectively? For example, would you say
    that the novel's "reconstructed" style helps or
    hinders its political agenda? And what about the
    novel's ending?

12
Plagiarizing Example 1-English
  • Search Terms Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale
    politics

13
Plagiarizing Example 1-English
  • Google Search http//www.brothersjudd.com/index.
    cfm/fuseaction/reviews.detail/book_id/750/Handmaid
    's20T.htm

14
Plagiarizing Example 1-English
  • Mamma
  • Yahoo
  • Altavista
  • Hotbot
  • Askjeeves

15
Search Example 2 GeologyThe purpose of this
paper is to investigate out how geologists answer
questions. You should choose such a question and
then research it. Many examples are given below
of questions you can use for your specific paper
topic. You can come up with your own, but you
must OK it with me first to make sure it is
workable or I will not accept it! (How do you
work out the detailed chemical composition of a
mineral?)Search Terms paper determine
chemical composition mineral
16
detection-tool problems
  • Unlawful gain
  • Publicity for plagiarism
  • Incomplete databases
  • Instructor works
  • False positives, negatives
  • Conflicting interests

17
problems
  • Two online services that help professors check
    student papers for plagiarism -- PlagiServe.com
    and EduTie.com -- appear to have ties to Web
    sites that sell term papers to students.
    Chronicle of Higher Education, Information
    Technology, Tuesday, March 12, 2002,
    http//chronicle.com/free/2002/03/2002031201t.htm

18
problems
  • Students still can plagiarize

19
Do threats work?
  • Told their papers would be checked 10.7 -
    17.5 plagiarism
  • Not told 17.2 plagiarism
  • Plagiarism Prevention, Practice, and Policies,
    2004 conference James Douglas Beasley The
    Impact of Technology on Plagiarism Prevention and
    Detection http//www.powerresearcher.com/download
    /plagiarism_tech_impact.pdf
  • Re Weinstein and Dobkin study

20
How do you define plagiarism?
21
definitions differvalues differ
  • Is it plagiarism? http//www.doug-johnson.com/dou
    gwri/isit.html
  • Instructors
  • Librarians
  • Parents
  • Students

22
How do you define intellectual integrity?...priori
ty? differences?
23
How do your students know?
24
Students need education
25
Students need educationPlagiarism.org
http//www.plagiarism.org/faq.html (2002)What
really subverts plagiarism?needed guidance and
instructionwell-crafted, carefully sequenced,
and interesting assignmentsAre teachers part
of the solution or part of the problem? Toward
the Best in the Academy, Vol 15, No 1, 2003-2004
26
What encourages intellectual integrity?
27
what works
  • Well-designed learning
  • Clear, detailed directions
  • Process focus, steps
  • Change list of topics
  • Value original thought
  • Allow time
  • Preventing Plagiarism with an Outcomes
    Approach http//www.eddept.wa.edu.au/cmis/eval/
    downloads/curiculum/pplagiarism.pdf and
    AntiPlagiarism Strategies for Research Papers
    http//www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm

28
what works
  • Work with student on planning, ideas outline,
    note-taking
  • Require recent and range of references
  • See report on work done
  • Ask questions about process What exactly do you
    mean here by dynamic equivalence?

29
what works
  • Assess planning, notes, and process
  • Require annotated bibliography with notation
    about usefulness of the source
  • Require metalearning essay at moment of
    collecting paper, have students write what they
    learned from the assignment and what problems
    did they face and how did they overcome

30
what worksFour Reasons to be Happy about
Internet Plagiarism Teaching Perspectives (St.
Thomas University) 5 December 2002 1-5 Repr.
Teaching Options Pedagogiques 64 (University of
Ottawa) (August 2003) 3-5 repr. (abridged) as
Lets Hear it for Internet Plagiarism, Teaching
Learning Bridges 23 (University of
Saskatchewan) (November 2003), 2-5
http//www.stu.ca/hunt/4reasons.htm and more...
31
Structured Assignment 1
  • English 102, Writing Research PapersDr.
    Marylynne Diggs Permission to use received
    1/26/05 from mdiggs_at_clark.edu.
    http//web.clark.edu/diggma/102/102home.htm or
    http//thor.clark.edu/diggma/102/102home.htm

32
Structured Assignment 2
  • Course Paper Assignment,Sociological Research
    Methods IIDr. James Daniel LeePermission to use
    received by email on 1/26/05 from
    jdlee_at_jaguar1.usouthal.eduhttp//www.southalabama
    .edu/sociologyandanthropology/lee/website/CPA.pdf

33
Structured Assignment 3
  • GLG310 Structural Geology 2004 Information about
    Research Assignment Dr. Ramon ArrowsmithDr.
    Steve Reynolds Permission to use received by
    email on 1/26/05 from ramon.arrowsmith_at_asu.edu
    with cc to sreynolds_at_asu.edu http//activetecto
    nics.la.asu.edu/Structural_Geology/Labs/FinalProje
    ct/ with links to general project outline and to
    writing tips

34
Structured Assignment 4
  • EAS 100 Planet EarthDept. of Earth Atmospheric
    SciencesTerm Paper AssignmentProf. Lawrence W.
    BrailePermission to use received by email on
    1/27/05 from braile_at_purdue.edu.
    http//www.eas.purdue.edu/braile/eas100/term.do
    c orhttp//www.eas.purdue.edu/7Ebraile/eas100/t
    erm.pdf or http//www.eas.purdue.edu/braile/eas1
    00/term.pdf
  • Prof. Braile wrote  On the plagiarism issue, I
    found a few years ago that there were several
    copy and paste term papers turned in. Now I have
    a section in the assignment and I go over this
    issue in class and there are many fewer
    plagiarized papers.

35
tipsresources
  • Tips to help students Using the Works of
    Others http//library.umf.maine.edu/plagiarism/va
    lid.html
  • Presentation and resources http//academics.georg
    iasouthern.edu/cet/ludy_merlot/

36
What else would help?
5 min. discussion
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