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Early Childhood Development

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Develop practice guides that parents and practitioners can use to implement ... to-practice studies of the usefulness and effectiveness of the practice guides. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Early Childhood Development


1
Early Childhood Development Communication
Intervention
Carol M. Trivette, Ph.D. Carl J. Dunst,
Ph.D. Co-Principal Investigators Center for
Evidence-Based Practices Orelena Hawks Puckett
Institute Asheville, North Carolina Morganton,
North Carolina Grants, New Mexico Presentation
prepared for Early Head Start Disabilities
Summit Washington, DC, February 5, 2003
2
Purpose of the Presentation
  • Describe the goals, activities, and products of
    the Research and Training Center (RTC) on Early
    Childhood Development.

3
Research and Training Center (RTC) on Early
Childhood Development
  • Center Aim
  • The major aim of the Research and Training
    Center on Early Childhood Development is to
    implement a coordinated and advanced program of
    applied research on knowledge and practice that
    improve interventions associated with the healthy
    mental, behavioral, communication, preliteracy,
    social-emotional, and interpersonal development
    of infants, toddlers, and preschoolers with or at
    risk for developmental disabilities.
  • RTC Investigators focus on translating
    evidence-based information into easy to
    understand and use practice guides informed by
    research.

4
RTC Goals
  • Goal 1. Synthesize research findings about
    effective early childhood intervention practices.
  • Goal 2. Develop practice guides that parents and
    practitioners can use to implement evidence-based
    early childhood interventions.
  • Goal 3. Conduct research-to-practice studies of
    the effectiveness and usefulness of the practice
    guides.
  • Goal 4. Provide pre-service and in-service
    training to undergraduate and graduate students
    in research-to-practice syntheses, practice guide
    development and use, and dissemination and
    utilization methods and approaches.
  • Goal 5. Disseminate and promote utilization of
    the research syntheses and evidence-based
    practice guides.
  • Goal 6. Collaborate with OSEP staff, U.S.
    Department of Education funded early childhood
    centers and institutes, and other early childhood
    professionals.

5
Conceptual FoundationsCENTERSCOPE
  • Evidence-based practices are defined as
    practices that are informed by research, where
    the characteristics and consequences of
    environmental (intervention) variables are
    empirically and functionally established, and
    the relationship directly informs what a
    practitioner or parent can do to produce a
    desired outcome.
  • RTC Investigators are open to the possibility
    that widely accepted and used practices may not
    have an evidence base.

6
RTC Operational Framework
Characteristics
Consequences
Processes
Relationships between the characteristics and
consequences of an intervention or practice and
the processes operating to explain the
relationship between the variables.
7
RTC Definition of Evidence-Based Practices
  • Practices are considered evidence-based when
    multiple research studies investigating the same
    or similar practices are related to the same or
    similar results or findings.
  • Replication of the same effects across studies
    strengthens our ability to relate a specific
    practice to a specific outcome.

8
RTC Goal 1. Synthesize research findings about
effective early childhood intervention practices.
  • Objective 1.1. Conduct research-to-practice
    literature reviews during each project year.
  • Objective 1.2. Prepare practice-based research
    syntheses from each literature search.
  • Objective 1.3. Solicit internal and external
    reviews and critical analyses of the research
    syntheses by researchers and other early
    childhood experts.

9
Topic Selection
  • RTC synthesis topics are selected from the
    following practice and knowledge utilization
    domains
  • Behavioral-based practices
  • Social-emotional practices
  • Preliteracy and literacy intervention practices
  • Situated and contextually based learning
    practices
  • Environmentally based practices
  • Interpersonal interaction practices
  • Instructional practices
  • Complementary therapy practices
  • Allied health therapy practices
  • Diagnostic practices
  • Knowledge utilization strategies

10
RTC Synthesis-Based Products
  • Bridges
  • Bridges are practice-centered research
    syntheses of topics related to early childhood
    development.
  • Bridges research syntheses involve systematic
    analysis and integration of small bodies of
    research that have investigated the same or
    similar practices leading to or producing the
    same or similar outcomes.

11
RTC Synthesis-Based Products
  • Bottomlines
  • Bottomlines are one-to-two-page summaries of
    Bridges research reports written in jargon-free
    language for parents and practitioners.
  • The purpose of these reports is to answer the
    bottom line question, Is the practice supported
    by research? based on the evidence synthesized
    in a Bridges report.

12
RTC Goal 2. Develop practice guides that parents
and practitioners can use to implement
evidence-based early childhood interventions.
  • Objective 2.1. Obtain external reviewers
    evaluations of whether practice guide
    characteristics are warranted based on available
    evidence.
  • Objective 2.2. Obtain practitioners and
    parents assessments of the understandability and
    usefulness of evidence-based practice guides.
  • Objective 2.3. Conduct different field tests of
    the use of the practice guides.

13
Solutions Practice Guides
  • Cornerpiece brochures summarize the
    characteristics of evidence-based, recommended
    practices
  • If It Fits idea pages are lively newsletters
    focused on implementing evidence-based practices
  • PowerPiece practice guides are narrated
    PowerPoint presentations of evidence-based
    practices
  • StraightCut videos describe and illustrate the
    characteristics of evidence-based practices
  • Solutions Tool Kits include multiple practice
    guides that are developed for related practices

14
RTC Goal 3. Conduct research-to-practice studies
of the usefulness and effectiveness of the
practice guides. RTC Goal 4. Provide
pre-service and in-service training to
undergraduate and graduate students in
research-to-practice syntheses, practice guide
development and use, and dissemination and
utilization methods and approaches. RTC Goal 6.
Collaborate with OSEP staff, U.S. Department of
Education funded early childhood centers and
institutes, and other early childhood
professionals.
15
RTC Goal 5. Disseminate and promote utilization
of research syntheses and evidence-based practice
guides.
  • RTC Hierarchy ofDissemination and Utilization
    Strategies
  • RTC Website
  • (www.researchtopractice.info)
  • RTC Electronic Mailing List
  • ERIC-EECE
  • Presentations/Publications

16
Research and Training Center Website
  • www.researchtopractice.info
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