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The Italian Renaissance

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Leonardo da Vinci. The Last Supper, figure 16.18. Christ is in the center of the composition. ... Learned shading from Leonardo to create the illusion of 3D. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Italian Renaissance


1
The Italian Renaissance
  • Art of An Emerging Modern Europe

2
Influences That Shaped the Renaissance
  • Johannes Gutenberg perfected the printing press.
  • Humanism the interest in the classics and the
    Greco-Roman belief that each individual has
    dignity and worth.
  • Florence became the artistic capital of Italy.

3
Masaccio
  • 1401-1428
  • Compared to Giotto
  • The Holy Trinity, c. 1428, Fresco.
  • In the Florentine church of Santa Maria Novella.
  • Ignored unnecessary detail and focused attention
    on mass and depth.

4
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5
Linear Perspective
  • Filippo Brunelleschi
  • Figure 16.4 16.5
  • Linear Perspective a graphic system that showed
    artists how to create the illusion of depth and
    volume on a flat surface.

6
Aerial Perspective
  • Uses hue, value, and intensity to show distance
    in a painting.

7
Masaccio
  • Strong directional light on one side.
  • Other side in deep shadow.
  • Faint back ground.
  • Larger figures.
  • Figures seem to pop on the page.

8
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9
Fra Angelico
  • Uses Masaccios techniques on The Annunciation.
    Figure. 16.6.
  • Uses a mixture of the Renaissance and Gothic
    ideas.
  • Not interested in perspective.

10
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11
Ghiberti
  • Used this mixture of style with sculpture.
  • Baptistery door.
  • The Gates of Paradise.
  • Used more Renaissance ideas.

12
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13
Foreshortening
  • Drawing figures or objects according to the rules
    of perspective so that they appear to recede or
    protrude into three dimensional space.

14
Piero della Francesca
  • The Baptism of Christ, figure 16.10.
  • Vertical lines.
  • Horizontal lines.
  • Curved lines.
  • Serious, calm, still.

15
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16
Donatello
  • Contrapposto.
  • Realistic.

17
Filippo Brunelleschi
  • The dome of the Florence Cathedral.
  • 8 gothic ribs.
  • 4 ribs seen on outside.
  • Placed on a drum.
  • Circular windows allowed light in.

18
Brunelleschi
  • Chapel for the Pazzi family.
  • Balance between vertical and horizontal
    movements.
  • Dark moldings, pilasters, and columns used to
    divide and organize the wall surfaces.

19
Botticelli
  • Crisp, sharp contour lines.
  • Proportion
  • Emphasis

20
Leonardo da Vinci
  • The Last Supper, figure 16.18.
  • Christ is in the center of the composition.
  • Silhouetted in the window.
  • Calm and silent.
  • Grouped in threes.
  • Jammed together to accent the action of the
    drama.

21
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22
Michelangelo
  • Pietà
  • Mary mourning over the body of Jesus.
  • Small face compared to her body.
  • Emotionless.

23
The Sistine Chapel
  • The story of humanity from the Creation to the
    Flood.
  • Sculptor painting in sculptural style.
  • Scaffolding 68 feet above the chapel.
  • 145 pictures with more than 300 figures, many 10
    feet high.

24
Raphael
  • Learned shading from Leonardo to create the
    illusion of 3D.
  • Learned from Michelangelo how to add vitality and
    energy to his figures.
  • Blended these together to create his own style.

25
Interpretation
  • The Alba Madonna, Figure 16.24.
  • Halos
  • Mary, Christ, John the Baptist.
  • Cross held by John the Baptist.
  • All stare at the cross.

26
Women Artists
  • Most expected to tend to household duties/being
    wife and mother.
  • Not allowed education to be an artist.
  • Embroideries, tapestries, and occasionally
    illustrated manuscripts.
  • Sofonisba Anguissola, Double Portrait of a Boy
    and Girl of the Attavanti Family, fig. 16.25.
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