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First Aid

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What type of first aid care is appropriate and acceptable? ... If the victim s condition is worsened by one giving first aid, litigation is possible ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: First Aid


1
First Aid
  • Text
  • Notes at McGreggors
  • Yellow card
  • 20 minutes from hospital
  • National Safety Council
  • Red Cross
  • American Heart Association

2
Course Information
  • Practical
  • Prevention
  • Easy Class? Easy A?
  • Concern for the victim
  • Advanced training?

3
First Aid
  • Leading causes of death
  • Heart disease-725,790
  • Cancer-537,390
  • Stroke-159,877
  • Lung diseases 110,637
  • Accidents 92,191

4
Injuries
  • The leading cause of death and disability in
    children and young adults
  • Brain and spinal cord injuries 80,000
    unnecessary and permanently disabled
  • Disabling injuries from unintentional causes
  • 19.4 million in l998
  • One disabling injury every 2 seconds
  • One fatality every 6 minutes

5
Expenses Related to Unintentional Injuries
  • 480.5 billion dollars each year
  • Prevention is much less expensive

6
Leading Injury Related Deaths
  • Motor vehicle crashes
  • Falls
  • Poisoning
  • Drowning
  • Fires, burns

7
Heart Problems
  • 1 of every 4 Americans has a heart problem

8
Emergency Frequency
  • ASU 10,000 students
  • Student in this class

9
The Golden Hour
10
What Is First Aid? Chapters 1 and 2
  • It is the immediate care given to the injured or
    suddenly ill until more advanced care is obtained

11
What Is First Aid 2
  • Proper first aid procedures may mean the
    difference between
  • Life and death
  • Rapid or slow recovery
  • Hospitalization
  • Temporary disability or permanent injury

12
Lawsuit Society
13
Legal Aspects
  • No one is required to render first aid unless
  • Designated by employer
  • Pre-existing responsibility

14
Legal Aspects 2
  • Once first aid has begun, you are not to leave
    until
  • The victim is under the care of someone with
    equal or greater training
  • The victim refuses treatment or transportation

15
Legal Aspects 3
  • If you do leave, you may be charged with
  • ABANDONMENT

16
Standards Of Care
  • What type of first aid care is appropriate and
    acceptable?
  • If you act reasonably and with the same amount of
    training as others who would deal with similar
    circumstances, you fall under The Type Of
    Rescurer

17
Standards Of Care 2
  • If you follow recommendations identified by the
    American Heart Association, American Red Cross,
    National Safety Council, etc. you fall under
    Published Recommendations

18
Consent
  • Expressed Consent
  • Nod, oral, or written permission (parents /
    guardian of incompetent individuals)
  • Do not withhold first aid from a minor just to
    obtain consent
  • Implied Consent
  • Deals with the unconscious
  • Deals with conscious who does not resist help

19
Consent 2
  • Touching another person without permission is
    unlawful! (battery)

20
Right To Refuse Care
  • Why might someone refuse care?
  • (student didnt believe in going to the doctor)
  • Try to convince victim that they need care

21
If Victim Refuses Care
  • DO NOT give aid or transport
  • Make note of witnesses
  • Document events (put all info in writing)

22
If Parents Refuse Help For A Child
  • Convince otherwise
  • Call police
  • Document events in writing
  • Identify witnesses

23
If Intoxicated Or Belligerent And Refuse Care
  • Convince otherwise
  • Document events in writing
  • Identify witnesses
  • Drugs and alcohol may mask injury

24
Good Samaritan Laws
  • Vary from state to state
  • Protects those acting in good faith without gross
    negligence or willful misconduct.
  • some legal experts suggests this gives a false
    sense of security to the first aider

25
Good Samaritan Laws 2
  • If the victims condition is worsened by one
    giving first aid, litigation is possible
  • Your protection consists of proper training and
    application of skills

26
Confidentiality
27
Rescue Doctrine
  • In some cases, the injured rescuer has the right
    to recover for injuries sustained while
    attempting to help
  • (amputated leg)
  • (downed power line - sued power company)

28
Will You Help?
29
Consider The Following
  • Consider your health as well as the victims
  • Try to decide ahead of time if you will help
  • Are you bothered by blood, HIV risks, HBV?
  • Calm yourself, take deep breaths

30
Will You Help? 2
  • Protect yourself by wearing gloves
  • (victim in street)
  • Glove removal

31
Will You Help? 3
  • All human blood and body fluids should be
    considered infectious
  • Wash hands extremely well
  • Clean spills with diluted bleach

32
Will You Help? 4
  • If you dont think you can handle a situation,
    call EMS
  • Do not call a friend or relative first
  • Teach children to call 911

33
The Dying Victim
  • Avoid negative statements
  • Assure victim that family will be located
  • Allow for some hope
  • Use a gentle voice

34
The Dying Victim 2
  • Use the victims name
  • Reassure by touching the victim
  • Do not pronounce death
  • Even paramedics cant pronounce death

35
Grieving
  • For the victims family and for yourself
  • Dont tell survivors everything at once
  • Counseling (paramedics-Westside)
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