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Architecture in France

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A lot of columns, arches, domes and rounded shapes. The scroll is especially baroque ... Louis XIV made it a castle. 2000 windows - Private zoo with elephants ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Architecture in France


1
The Baroque Era
2
Baroque Architecture
  • Proportional but extravagant
  • Fancy and pretty details
  • A lot of columns, arches, domes and rounded
    shapes
  • The scroll is especially baroque (like
    a cinnamon roll swirl)

3
Architecture of Baroque
  • Luxurious chateaux
  • Decorative motifs of Italian Renaissance
  • Love of and emphasis on decoration
  • Graceful, harmonious

4
Versailles
  • Hunting camp for Louis XIII
  • Louis XIV made it a castle
  • 2000 windows - Private zoo with elephants
  • 700 rooms - Chinese carousel
  • 1250 fireplaces - Gondolas on canal
  • 67 staircases
  • 1800 acres of park

5
Entrance to the Versailles Palace
6
Hall of Mirrors-Versailles
7
Bedchamber-Versailles
8
The Cathedral of the Smolney Convent
9
Francesco Borromini
  • Rebellious, emotionally disturbed
  • Berninis rival
  • Concave convex surfaces created motion
  • Suicide how?
  • Fell on a sword

10
Borromini
11
Borromini San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
12
Sir Christopher Wren St. Pauls Cathedral (London)
13
Details Proportion
14
Scroll
15
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16
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17
Sculpture
18
Gianlorenzo Bernini
  •      More decorative than Renaissance
  •    Painter, playwright, composer
  •     Worked for Louis XIV
  •     Considered greatest sculptor
  • David in motion
  • Created a bronze canopy/altar for St. Peters
  •    -Taller than a 10 story building
  •       -Columns with carved vines, leaves, bees

19
Gianlorenzo Bernini
  • Also an architect
  • Fountains
  • Palaces
  • Churches
  • Piazza in front of St. Peters Basilica

20
Apollo Daphne
21
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22
Bernini altar
23
Bernini Top of the altar at St. Peters
24
Bernini Ecstasy of St. Theresa
She believed she had been pierced by an angels
dart infusing her with divine love.
25
Berninis David
26
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27
Paintings
28
Baroque Art
  • Ornate and decorative
  • No clear central figure
  • Distorted origin of light
  • Religious and secular
  • Funded by popes and monarchs
  • Baroque is sometimes used negatively to mean
    gaudy and over-decorative.

29
Caravaggio
  • Intentionally sought to shock and offend
  • evil genius and anti-Christ of painting
  • Went from city to city fleeing the law
  • Death of a Virgin causes a problem
  • Daring innovator

30
Caravaggio Death of the Virgin
31
Caravaggio Sacrifice
Caravaggio Sacrifice of Isaac
32
Peter Paul Rubens
  • Worked throughout Europe with many people
  • Fat is beautiful, many nudes
  • Painted suggestive rape scenes
  • Portraits with sentimental looks
  • Work is said to be vulgar and insincere
  • Admired but disliked

33
Rubens The Descent from the Cross
34
Rubens The Three Graces
35
Rembrandt van Rijn
  • Light and dark color contrasts
  • Paintings looked like photos
  • Almost 100 self-portraits
  • Early works detailed, physical action, many
    subjects
  • Late works done quickly, psychological, single
    subjects

36
Rembrandt The Nightwatch
37
Rembrandt Self-portrait
38
Jans Vermeer
  • Indoor paintings as if you were there
  • Subject is always holding something
  • Use of indirect lighting
  • Used texture to give depth

39
Vermeer Lady writing letter with her maid
40
Vermeer Woman Sleeping
41
William Hogarth
  • English artist as a social critic
  • Created the comic strip
  • First political cartoonist
  • Overcome Englands inferiority complex

42
Hogarth John Wilkes, Esquire
43
Bedlam Hogarth
44
El Greco Domenikos Theotokopoulos
  • Emphasis on Counter-Reformation
  • Mannerism
  • Elongation of bodies
  • Use of color intense unusual

45
Madonna Child
46
Holy Trinity
47
Diego Velazquez
  • Spanish master
  • Lifelike portraits
  • Natural poses , no props
  • Very influential and loved

48
Velazquez
Pope Innocent X Juan de Pareja
49
Velazquez Venus at her mirror
50
Velazquez, Las Meninas
51
Chardrins Silver Goblet
52
Gentileschis Judith Beheading Holofernes
53
Self Portrait
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