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Massachusetts Department of Public Health

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Title: Massachusetts Department of Public Health


1
Southeast Cape Islands Regional Health
Dialogue
  • Massachusetts Department of Public Health
  • June 7, 2007

2
Goals for Holding Regional Dialogues
  • Introduce new DPH leadership
  • Present latest health data on your particular
    region
  • Talk with residents and providers about data and
    identify areas of need
  • Gather feedback to inform process of setting DPH
    priorities

3
Goals of New DPH leadership
  • Use data and community input to set new
    priorities reshape the Department
  • Rely on science and evidence-based process to
    guide the work
  • Strengthen ties with and support for local health
    and local agencies
  • Increase resources to and visibility of Public
    Health in Massachusetts

4
Timetable
  • Hold 8 regional dialogues with comprehensive data
    review and identification of key health concerns
    (by July)
  • Identify short list of top priorities by end of
    August
  • Hold second round of community dialogues to
    discuss action plans/results by end of calendar
    year

5
Socio-Demographic Indicators and Health Care
Access
6
Executive Office of Health and Human Services
(EOHHS) Regions
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Research
Epidemiology Program
7
A few comments about the limitations of this
presentation
  • A regional analysis has its drawbacks
  • Variability within a region urban vs.
    rural/suburban (i.e. Cape vs. the rest of the
    region)
  • Variability by sub-population race matters,
    poverty matters
  • Our data dont reflect all the important health
    indicators

8
2005 Population by Communities
Southeast Region 2005
Largest Brockton100,366
Population 10,000
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Research
Epidemiology Program
9
Race and Ethnic Breakdown of PopulationCape
Islands and Massachusetts 2005
Cape Islands
Massachusetts
American Indian
0.6
American Indian
0.2
Asian 0.9
Asian 4.9
Hispanic 1.7
Hispanic 7.9
Black 2.6
Black 6.0
White 94.3
White 81.0
Non-Hispanics
Total 252,204
Total 6,436,940
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Research
Epidemiology Program
10
Towns by Percent Native American Population
Massachusetts 2000
1 MA population Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Research
Epidemiology Program
11
Language Spoken at HomeSoutheast Region and
Massachusetts 2000
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Research
Epidemiology Program
12
Population by Age Group Cape Islands and
Massachusetts 2005
Massachusetts
Cape Islands
65 years 13.3
65 years 21.9
0-19 years 25.5
0-19 years 20.4
45-64 years 25.3
20-24 years 5.0
Southeast (non-Cape)
20-24 years 6.7
45-64 years 27.4
25-44 years 25.2
25-44 years 29.4
20-24 years 5.0
65 years 12.7
0-19 years 26.5
Total 6,436,940
Total 252,204
45-64 years 25.8
20-24 years 5.9
25-44 years 29.1
Total 1,026,041
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Research
Epidemiology Program
13
Socio-Demographic IndicatorsSoutheast Region and
Massachusetts
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Research
Epidemiology Program
14
Highest and Lowest Per Capita Income Cape
Islands Communities 2000
High
Low
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Research
Epidemiology Program
15
Birth Indicators
16
Infant Mortality Rates by EOHHS Region
Massachusetts 2002-2005
Statistically different from State (p .05) Red
() Statistically worse Green ()
Statistically better
Infant Mortality Rate deaths of infants less
than one year of age per 1000 live births
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Research
Epidemiology Program
17
Summary Birth Indicators Southeast Region and
Massachusetts 2005
Better Outcome (significantly different from
state)
Worse Outcome (significantly different from state)
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Research
Epidemiology Program
18
Leading Causes of Death
19
Leading Causes of DeathCape Islands and
Massachusetts 2005
Statistically different from State (p .05) Red
() Statistically worse Green ()
Statistically better
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Research
Epidemiology Program
20
Chronic Disease Outcomes and Overweight/Obesity
21
Adults who are Overweight1 by EOHHS Region,
Massachusetts 1995 and 2005
Statistically different from State (p .05) Red
() Statistically worse Green ()
Statistically better
1 Overweight BMI greater than or equal to 25
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research and Evaluation Bureau, Massachusetts
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
(BRFSS), Health Survey Program
22
Cancer
23
Smoking During Pregnancy by EOHHS Region
Massachusetts 2005






Statistically different from State (p .05) Red
() Statistically worse Green ()
Statistically better
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Research
Epidemiology Program
24
Smoking During PregnancyCape Islands and
Massachusetts 1990-2005
Cape Islands
Massachusetts
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Research
Epidemiology Program
25
Smoking During Pregnancy by Race and Ethnicity
Cape Islands and Massachusetts 2005

NA
Statistically different from State (p .05) Red
() Statistically worse Green ()
Statistically better
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Research
Epidemiology Program
26
Adults who Currently Smoke Southeast Region and
Massachusetts 2006



Statistically different from State (p .05) Red
() Statistically worse Green ()
Statistically better
Obesity BMI greater than or equal to 30
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research and Evaluation Bureau, Massachusetts
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
(BRFSS), Health Survey Program
27
Incidence Rates for Invasive Lung Cancer
by EOHHS Region, Massachusetts 1999-2003






Statistically different from State (p .05) Red
() Statistically worse Green ()
Statistically better
Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.


Source MDPH, Health
Information, Statistics, Research Evaluation
Bureau, Cancer Registry
28
Incidence Rates for Invasive Prostate Cancer
by EOHHS Region, Massachusetts 1999-2003




Statistically different from State (p .05) Red
() Statistically worse Green ()
Statistically better
Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.


Source MDPH, Health
Information, Statistics, Research Evaluation
Bureau, Cancer Registry
29
Summary Indicators for Cancer Screening by
Southeast Region and Massachusetts 2006
40 years and older, 50 years and older
Better Outcome (significantly different from
state)
Worse Outcome (significantly different from state)
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Health Survey
Program
30
Summary Cancer Incidence Rates Southeast Region
and Massachusetts 1999-2003
Better Outcome (significantly different from
state)
Worse Outcome (significantly different from state)
Source MDPH, Health Information, Statistics,
Research Evaluation Bureau, Cancer Registry
31
Substance Abuse
32
Opioid-related Emergency Department
Visit Rates by EOHHS Region Massachusetts 2003-2
005






Statistically different from State (p .05) Red
() Statistically higher Green ()
Statistically lower
Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.
Source Division of Health Care Finance and Poli
cy. Calendar Year 2003-2005. Emergency Department
Visits
33
Summary Substance Abuse Indicators Southeast
Region, Cape Islands and Massachusetts 2005
Statistically higher than state
Statistically lower than state
Source Massachusetts Department of Public
Health. BSAS Substance Abuse Treatment Programs
2005.
34
Injury and Violence
35
Hospital Discharge Rates for Motor
Vehicle-related Injuries by EOHHS Region
Massachusetts 2003-2005
Statistically different from State (p .05) Red
() Statistically worse Green ()
Statistically better
Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.
Source Division of Health Care Finance and Poli
cy. Calendar Year 2003-2005. Inpatient Hospital
Discharge Database
36
Emergency Department Visit Rates for
Fall-related Injuries by EOHHS Region
Massachusetts 2003-2005








Statistically different from State (p .05) Red
() Statistically worse Green ()
Statistically better
Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.
Source Division of Health Care Finance and Poli
cy. Calendar Year 2003-2005. Emergency Department
Visits
37
Emergency Department Visit Rates for
Fall-related Injuries by Race/EthnicityCape
Islands and Massachusetts 2003-2005



Statistically different from State (p .05) Red
() Statistically worse Green ()
Statistically better
Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.
Source Division of Health Care Finance and Poli
cy. Calendar Year 2003-2005. Emergency Department
Visits
38
Suicide Rates by EOHHS Region
Massachusetts 2003-2005

Statistically different from State (p .05) Red
() Statistically worse Green ()
Statistically better
Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.


Source MDPH, Health
Information, Statistics, Research Evaluation
Bureau, Research Epidemiology Program
39
Summary Injury/Violence Hospitalization
Indicators Southeast Region, Cape Islands and
Massachusetts 2003-2005
Worse Outcome (significantly different from state)
Better Outcome (significantly different from
state)
Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.
Source Division of Health Care Finance and Poli
cy. Calendar Year 2003-2005. Inpatient Hospital
Discharge Database
40
Infectious Diseases
41
Summary HIV/AIDS Indicators Southeast Region,
Cape Islands and Massachusetts
Better Outcome (significantly different from
state)
Worse Outcome (significantly different from state)
42
Lyme Disease Incidence Cape Islands, Southeast
Region, and
Massachusetts 2004





Statistically different from State (p .05) Red
() Statistically worse Green ()
Statistically better
Source MDPH Bureau of Communicable Disease
Control, ISIS
43
Summary Infectious Disease Indicators Southeast
Region, Cape Islands and Massachusetts
Worse Outcome (significantly different from state)
Better Outcome (significantly different from
state)
44
Asthma
45
Summary Asthma Indicators Southeast Region,
Cape Islands and Massachusetts 2005
Statistically higher than state
Statistically lower than state
Source Division of Health Care Finance and
Policy. Calendar Year 2005. Emergency Department
Visits
46
Summary-Cape Islands
  • Socio-demographics difference impact health
    status
  • Older population
  • Socio-demographic indicators are better than the
    State
  • Mostly white non-Hispanics
  • Majority speak only English
  • In general, the Cape Islands is a relatively
    healthy place to live
  • Birth indicators are better than the State
  • Heart disease and diabetes mortality are low
  • Homicides, firearm, STDs lower than the State
  • Some indicators are worse than the State
  • Cancer incidence is higher for breast and
    prostate cancer
  • Higher motor vehicle deaths and suicides than the
    State
  • Higher Lyme Disease incidence than the State
  • Higher Emergency Department Visit rates for
    opioid-related and for asthma for children ages
    10-14 years
  • Higher Substance Abuse Treatment Program
    Admission rates than State
  • We need to examine local variation and subgroups
    in the population to get a more complete picture
    of the health of the Cape Islands region

47
Health Disparities by Race/Ethnicity Cape
Islands
  • Blacks on the Cape Islands have higher
    Emergency Visit Rates for fall-related injuries
    than Blacks in MA
  • White mothers on the Cape Islands have higher
    rates for smoking during pregnancy than whites in
    MA

48
How Can You Access these Data?
Hard Copies (617) 624-5674 TDD/TTY (617) 624
-6001 Questions (617) 624-6021 Laura.Inn
is_at_State.ma.us For more detailed community data
http//masschip.state.ma.us DPH Website
http//www.mass.gov/dph/comm/health_dialogues.
htm
49
  • Q/A
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