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GEF Strategy in Biodiversity GEF4 and beyond

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Title: GEF Strategy in Biodiversity GEF4 and beyond


1
GEF Strategy in Biodiversity GEF4 and beyond…
2
Why is Biodiversity in Trouble?
  • In the 20th century, the human population grew
    from 1.65 to 6.5 billion people.
  • Humanity is now living beyond the planets
    ecological means
  • 50 of the land surface has been transformed and
    some 40 of the primary productivity is captured
    by humans
  • In the 20th century, the human population grew
    from 1.65 to 6.5 billion people.
  • A growing population and rising standards of
    living are placing enormous stress on our
  • Land
  • Water
  • Air

3
Why is biodiversity in trouble?
4
To what extent is biodiversity in trouble?
Projected future extinction rate is more than ten
times higher than current rate
5
To what extent is biodiversity in trouble?
42
34
31
22
12
14
6
GEF is the Financial Mechanism of the CBD
  • Objectives of the Convention
  • Conservation of biodiversity
  • Sustainable use of its components
  • Fair and equitable sharing of the benefits
    arising out of the utilization of genetic
    resources

7
GEFs Goal in Biodiversity
  • The goal of GEFs biodiversity program is the
    conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity,
    the maintenance of the ecosystem goods and
    services that biodiversity provides to society,
    and the fair and equitable sharing of the
    benefits arising out of the utilization of
    genetic resources.

8
Problem statement
  • Species
  • Increasing numbers of species threatened with
    extinction increasing rates of species loss
  • Ecosystems
  • Degradation of ecosystem goods and services

9
GEF-4 Strategy MA, GEF-5 MATEEB
10
How much are we spending to address the problem
GEF Portfolio, in US millions
TOTAL GEF GRANTS 6,809.08 TOTAL
CO-FINANCING 24,356.55 TOTAL
31,165.63
11
Objective 1 Catalyze Sustainability of Protected
Area Systems
  • Strategic Programs
  • Sustainable Financing
  • Marine Protected Areas Networks
  • Terrestrial Protected Areas Gaps

12
Extent and Impact of Protected Areas
Protected Areas
  • McDonalds 30,000 restaurants in 119
    countries Estimated Employees 465,000
  • WalMart 4,300 stores in 11 countries Estimated
    employees 1,800,000
  • Protected Areas
  • gt 100,000 in 188 countries
  • gt 18 million km2
  • 11,5 of Earths land surface
  • Estimated direct jobs 1,025,000

13
Worlds Protected Areas One of the Most
Successful Global Endeavors
  • Global system is larger than the worlds largest
    country Russia
  • Global system is equivalent to the area of China
    and Brazil together
  • GEF has invested in 1,600 protected areas
    covering 360,000,000 hectares

14
Marine Protected Areas and Large Marine
Ecosystems
Only 0.7 of the worlds oceans is represented in
marine protected areas or in managed large marine
ecosystems
15
Global Gap Analysis
16
Objective 2 Mainstream biodiversity conservation
in production landscapes/ seascapes and sectors
17
Objective 2 Mainstream biodiversity conservation
in production landscapes/ seascapes and sectors
  • Strategic Programs
  • Strengthening the policy and regulatory framework
    for mainstreaming biodiversity
  • Fostering markets for biodiversity goods and
    services

18
Conversion to
19
Unsustainable to…..…..
20
….. sustainable
21
Payments for Ecosystem Servicesmore
careful application in GEF-5
providers
22
Objective 3 Safeguard biodiversity
  • Strategic Programs
  • Building capacity for the implementation of the
    Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
  • Prevention, control, and management of invasive
    alien species (IAS)GEF-5 mainstreaming

23
Objective 4 (Key Area in GEF-5, IR?) Build
capacity on access and benefit sharing
  • Strategic Program
  • Capacity Building on Access and Benefit Sharing
    (ABS)

24
  • PCR was invented in the 1980s using a heat-stable
    enzyme (Taq polymerase) taken Thermus aquaticus
    from Yellowstone National Park
  • Enzyme is tolerant to near boiling temperatures
    allowing amplification of DNA on an industrial
    scale
  • Taq polymerase launched the modern biotech
    industry and in itself sold over 500
    million/year
  • Not a cent has gone into Yellowstone NP

25
Looking for what is around the corner…questions
and strategic considerations for GEF-5
26
Systemic Threats Continue
  • Land use change remains the largest threat to
    biodiversity and to the provision of adequate
    ecosystem goods and services
  • Climate change will exacerbate biodiversity loss
    and increase overall management costs


27
Land cover change and climate change
Need to determine how biodiversity will respond
differently to climate change alone land
cover change alone and to both climate
change and land cover change relative to
forests where human impacts are minimal
28
LULUCF and Reduced emissions from Deforestation
(REDD)

A win-win solution for biodiversity financing,
climate change mitigation and livelihoods?
29
How do we make the conservation and sustainable
use of biodiversity and the long-term provision
of ecosystem goods and services a foundation for
sustainable societies?
30
All Im saying is now is the time to develop
the technology to deflect an asteroid
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