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Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture

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Revamping of extension system. Adopting Farming Situation / Systems based approach ... Support to new Universities Veterinary & Horticulture. Improving Credit ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture


1
Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture
Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty
2
Village Farmer Federation
  • Includes crop farmer, Dairy farmer and
    Horticultural farmer
  • Basically work on
  • Production and marketing plans
  • Technical Capacity Building
  • Post-Harvest technologies
  • Indicators at Village level
  • Productivity of the cropping system, than
    individual crop
  • Increase in net realizable incomes
  • Reduction in pesticide, Fertilizer usage
  • Extent of Internalization of inputs
  • Decrease in Distress and tied up sales
  • Increased national security

3
Institution Building
There will be forward and backward linkages
4
Human Resources
Identification of CA/VA, On season advance,
trained in preceding Rabi Concerned
sarpanch, V.O exposure visit NGOs work in
deepening in their villages Resource
Organizations CSA, NGOs part of
SANET, KVKs Scientists of ICRS
SAU Department of Agriculture
experienced in Organic Agriculture
5
Broad expansion strategy
  • New mandal will be included when reaches
    morethan 70 villages
  • NPM, Marketing, Dairy over lapping
  • Focus on Tribal Mandals, as pesticide
    comsumption increasing

6
  • Evolving Suitable Institutional Systems
  • V.O. (SHG),
  • Federation of SHGs at Mandal / District
    level.
  • At village level farmers organised into small
    (Homogenates)
  • Organic farmer groups (Sasya Mitra Sanghas)
    operate
  • Organic farmer school (Sendriya Polam Badi)
  • Federate at Village Level as collectives
  • Organise production
  • Internal Quality Control (PGS)
  • Federation of these collectors
  • Take up Marketing Activities with the help
    of VOs
  • Village Resource Centre
  • builds capacities, farmers, agriculture
    workers, small entrepreneurs - involving
    pre-production and post production processes.

7
  • Technology transfer
  • VA practising farmer/village organise
    organic farming school every weel with the help
    of Convener, Co-convener for group of 20
    farmers using V.R.C.
  • CA 5 villages, Technical support and
    monitoring farmer CRP
  • Identified NGOs, KVKs, Support Community
    Mobilization, Capacity Building Monitoring.
  • MMS enters into agreement with NGOs
  • 90 NGOs
  • 2 KVKs are working
  • CSA at State level support
  • Discussions with SAV, ICRISAT in
    progress
  • State level SPMU established in SERP
  • CSA, consultation of NGOs SANET Technical
    Support
  • Planning , Monitoring field level activities
  • Establishing approximate Institution Systems
  • Designing resource material, Capacity Building
    progress
  • Monitoring and review, process documentation and
    reporting

8
Organic Farming Systems Operational Strategies
9
(No Transcript)
10
Cropping Systems
11
Major strategies for improving crop sector
  • Expansion of Irrigated area
  • Stabilization of Irrigated area
  • Canal Modernization
  • Drainage improvement
  • Conjunctive use of water
  • Bridging yield gap (Adoption gap)
  • Revamping of extension system
  • Adopting Farming Situation / Systems based
    approach
  • Critical Resource Interventions like Seed,
    Mechanization, Green manure Zinc Sulphate

12
Major strategies Contd
  • Rainfed Agriculture
  • Diversification Crop Shift.
  • Promoting drought resistant plantations such as
    Simarouba, etc.,
  • Other interventions like mechanization, seed,
    extension, short term weather forecasting
    critical.
  • Watersheds promotion.
  • Research Support
  • Strengthening the University Research
    Infrastructure
  • Support to new Universities Veterinary
    Horticulture
  • Improving Credit Delivery
  • Improving Rural Infrastructure - Rural Godowns
  • Special programme for reclamation of salt
    affected soils

13
SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT IN AGRICULTURE
UNDER ADDL. CENTRAL ASSISTANCE
Rs. Crores
Contd.,
14
SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT IN AGRICULTURE
UNDER ADDL. CENTRAL ASSISTANCE
Rs. in Crores
15
SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT IN AGRICULTURE
UNDER ADDL. CENTRAL ASSISTANCE
Rs. in Crores
16
Projected Attainable Production
In Million Tonnes
17
Average Annual Growth Rate- Crop Sector XI
Plan
Rs. In Crores
Base(1999-2000)
  • Rice Production to increase by 2 million tonnes
    over Triennium
  • Pulses production to increase by 2.5 lakh tonnes
  • Oilseeds production to increase by 3 lakh tonnes

18
Allied Sectors
Horticulture Livestock Fisheries Sericulture
19
OVERVIEW OF HORTICULTURE PERFORMANCE
20
SPECIAL SCHEMES SUGGESTED FOR ADDITIONAL CENTRAL
ASSISTANCE
  • 1.Special Micro Irrigation Programme to saturate
    area under Oilpalm sugarcane
  • Micro Irrigation coverage in A.P. 2.5 lakh ha.
  • Request GoI to increase subsidy for Micro
    Irrigation for oil palm, sugarcane vegetables
    to 70. Amount requested Rs. 628 crores.
  • 2.Special programme for rejuvenation in 1.0 lakh
    ha. of Mango, Sweet Orange Cashew suggested.
  • 3. Assistance for farm mechanization for pre and
    post harvest areas Rs. 30 crores requested.
  • Other Initiatives
  • Request for increase in subsidy on Post Harvest
    Technology from 25 to 50

21
ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE PROPOSED DURING XI
PLAN FOR HORTICULTURE
Additional central assistance per annum Rs.199
Crores Assistance sought is over and above the
assistance presently received under CSS NHM.
22
STATUS OF ANDHRA PRADESH IN MILK, MEAT EGG
PRODUCTION (2006 07)
23
ADDITIONAL SUPPORT REQUIRED FROM GOI DURING 11TH
FIVE YEAR PLAN
24
GROWTH RATES OF PRODUCTION PARAMETERS
25
FISH PRODUCTION DURING LAST (3) YEARS.
LAKH TONS
2005-06
2004-05
2006-07
YEAR
26
FISH PRODUCTION DURING NEXT (5) YEARS
LAKH TONS
YEAR
27
SERICULTURE SCENARIO IN A.P.
  • Andhra Pradesh produces 5,000 MTs raw silk
    against 15,000 MTs annually produced in the
    country.
  • There are 1 lakh farmers cultivating mulberry in
    1 lakh acres. 95 of farmers are SF / MF.

Special Request
  • Since the productivity is directly linked to
    permanent rearing sheds, enhancement of subsidy
    from Rs.50,000/- per shed to Rs.1 lakh (7525
    matching share of GOI State Govt.) to cover
    10,000 sheds per year during XI Plan.
  • Addl. Financial Requirement Rs.75 crores from
    GOI Rs 25 Crores from State Govt. during the XI
    Plan.
  • Minimum Support Price for Cocoons.
  • To continue imposition of Anti-Dumping Duties on
    imports to face
  • competition from China.

28
State specific request for ACA- Summary
29
Projection for XI Five Year Plan for Agriculture
and Allied Sectors
30
Issues for discussion
  • Plan Non-Plan expenditure on Agriculture and
    Allied Sectors, Cooperation and Marketing, Major,
    Medium Minor Irrigation and Power subsidy to be
    taken into computation of baseline expenditure.
  • Year of baseline need to be spelt out ideal
    to take the year 2003-04 as baseline year.
  • Investments in weather and pest forecasting
    models shall be expanded.

31
Issues for discussion
  • National level multi-lingual dedicated
    agricultural channels.
  • National Institute of Excellence for Agribusiness
    management in AP in PPP model.
  • Real time market intelligence network.
  • Power subsidy reimbursement.
  • Seed Act.
  • MSP

32
All India Food grains
33
Thank You
34
Agricultural Extension
35
Agricultural Extension Present Scenario in AP
  • Reach and focus missing.
  • An Agricultural Officer covering 20-30 villages /
    mandal. Assisted by 1-2 AEOs/ mandal, compared to
    around 6000 VLWs during CD block period.
  • More focus on regulatory and administrative
    functions rather than knowledge/skill transfer.
  • The gap in spread/reach grabbed by input dealer
    network- quality missing.
  • Lack of convergence.

Cont.
36
Agricultural Extension Present Scenario in AP
  • Weak research - extension-farmer-market
    linkages.
  • Poor infrastructural facilities.
  • Inadequate operating resources financial
    sustainability.
  • World over three approaches found to be
    successful
  • - Local body managed extension
  • - Farmers organizations/ commodity groups
    managed extension
  • - Private sector promoted.

37
Current budgetary investment on extension plan
schemes on each farm holding
per annum
38
Approach for the XI Five Year Plan on
Agricultural Extension.
  • Focused farming situation based
    approach-rainfed agriculture
  • Improved reach-through dedicated manpower
  • Using progressive farmers as resource for better
    reach.
  • Encouraging CIG/FIG groups and farmers
    organizations/ federations for extension as well
    as non farm linkages.
  • Promoting broad based extension towards farming
    systems approach.

Cont.
39
Approach for the XI Five Year Plan on
Agricultural Extension.
  • Bottom up planning market orientation.
  • Harnessing synergy of public private sector.
  • Use of Information Communication technologies
    for effective delivery.
  • Main streaming gender in Agriculture.
  • Strengthening Research Extension -
    Farmer-market linkages

40
Proposed Extension Model (Broad based)
41
Support needed for PLEWs and Extension
Rs in Crores
42
  • Presentation
  • on
  • Co-operative Credit
  • and
  • Agricultural Marketing

43
53rd NDC MEETING CONVENED ON 29TH MAY 2007
Resolution
  • Implementation of Vaidyanathan Committee
    recommendations
  • Amendment of APMC Act and framing of rules there
    under.

44
  • AP has initiated the process of implementing
    Vaidyanathan Committee recommendations.
  • APMC Act has been amended and rules framed there
    under.

45
Status (cooperative credit)
  • Deposits - Rs. 4200 crores
  • Loans outstanding - Rs. 7300 crores
  • Share of Total
  • lending in the State - 20
  • Recovery Rate - 70
  • Proportion of Small
  • Marginal farmers - 85

46
Measures Required for Improved Credit Flow
  • Enabling existing borrowers to access credit
  • Credit to additional 18 Lakh farmers
  • Doubling of per capita input credit from Rs.
    12,600 to Rs. 25,000
  • Sustaining credit cooperatives

47
Issues (cooperative credit)
  • Waiver of accumulated interest as on
    31-3-2004 under PM package
  • Extended coverage under Crop Insurance
  • Coverage of deposits raised by PACS under Deposit
    Insurance Cover
  • Enhancement of refinance of NABARD from existing
    40 to 75
  • Right-sizing of staff through VRS

48
  • Restoration of exemption from Income Tax for DCCB
    and APCOB
  • Creation of Security Fund of Rs. 500 Crores
  • Losses to be reimbursed under recapitalization
    programme upto 31-3-2006
  • Networking of credit cooperatives using
    Information Technology to provide wider range of
    services to the farmers

49
Additional Central Assistance for
Cooperation(Rs. in crores)
50
Marketing
  • APMC Act amended in May, 2005 intune with Model
    Act of GOI Rules notified there under
  • MOU with National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)
    to encourage National Integrated (terminal)
    market in the State for fruits vegetables
  • Establishment of State of art terminal market
    complexes (3) under PPP mode at Vizianagaram/
    Vijayawada, Tirupati / Rajampet and Hyderabad in
    the State by GOI, Small farmer Agri-business
    consortium (49) and private investors (51)
    equity participation

51
  • Private Markets - M/s Metro (cash carry)
    licensed -functioning at Hyderabad
  • Single license system enabled super markets
    accessing agri-produce directly from farmers and
    route through food supply chain
  • Contract farming efforts on to educate farmers

52
ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE SCHEMES(During
11th Plan Period)
Rs in crores
53
Thank You
54
Community managed organic farming to enhance net
incomes in rainfed areas
55
Community managed organic farming
  • Proposal
  • to bring 10 lakh ha under organic farming in
    rainfed areas in 5000 villages
  • covering 10 lakh farm families
  • Village level collaboration between women S.H.Gs,
    farmers, and N.G.Os
  • Objective to increase net incomes for small
    marginal farmers in rainfed areas
  • A.C.A required Rs.182.0 crores over 5 years
  • Benefits per ha Rs.5,400
  • Total benefits Rs.1485 crores over 5 years

56
Community managed organic farming
  • End-to-end solution seed to marketing
  • Technical support from KVKs, Agri Dept
  • 1st step - Non pesticidal management, move to
    organic farming over a period of 5 years
  • Seed banks - self sufficiency in cereals, pulses
    and oilseeds
  • Farmer driven extension systems, best practising
    farmers, village level farmer activists
  • Institutional Credit through S.H.G bank linkage
  • Integration with N.R.E.G.S for soil fertility
    improvement and moisture conservation

57
Marketing support to farmers
  • To enable farmers to get fair terms of trade for
    their produce
  • Village level procurement centres run by women
    S.H.Gs in 500 centres for 2500 villages
  • Infrastructure for
  • Post harvest and quality control
  • Godowns 1000.0 M.T/centre
  • Local value addition through processing
  • Seed storage facility
  • A.C.A required Rs.200.0 crores over 3 years

58
Benefits to farmers
  • Price increase of 10 30
  • Quality enhancement, reduction in wastage 5
    10
  • Proper weighment 1 2
  • Savings in time and transport costs
    Rs.100/quintal
  • Prompt payment by women S.H.Gs
  • Benefits 5.0 lakh farmers, Rs.100 crores/annum

59
Thank You
60
PRESENT STATUS OF SEED DISTRIBUTION 2006-07
Qty. in 000 qtls
61
PROPOSED SEED SUPPLY PLAN FOR 2007-08 AND FOR
NEXT FIVE YEARS
Qty. in 000 qtls
62
Agency wise amount requirement
Rs. in lakhs
63
SEED PLAN - FINANCIAL SUPPORT PROJECTED
64
Productivity Range of Rice in India and Position
of Andhra Pradesh
65
Performance of Pulses AP vs All India
2500
2000
1500
Productivity kg/ha
1000
500
0
Pigeonpea
Urad
Moong
Chickpea
765
540
414
808
National
609
632
316
1591
AP
1417
839
890
2224
Improved Practice
1093
685
690
1954
Farmers Practice
Crops
66
  • Improving irrigation by
  • Expansion
  • Stabilization
  • Intensification
  • Complete augmentation of ground water potential

67
CRITICAL RESOURCE INTERVENTIONS
Rs. in crores
68
CRITICAL RESOURCE INTERVENTIONS
Rs. in crores
69
CROP SHIFTS -PROMOTION OF SIMAROUBA
Physical ha. Financial Rs. in Crores
70
CREDIT FLOW
71
RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE
Rs. in Crores
72
STRENGTHENING OF LABAORATORY INFRASTRUCTURE
Rs. in Crores
73
INTERVENTIONS AND OUT COME
Cont..
74
INTERVENTIONS AND OUT COME
Cont..
75
INTERVENTIONS AND OUT COME
76
Last 4 Years Expenditure
Rs in Crores
77
STATEMENT SHOWING THE EXPENDITURE FROM 2003-04
TO 2006-07 AND OUTLAY FOR 2007-08 UNDER
HOTICULTURE SECTION
Rs in Crores
Note GOI provided 100 grant under NHM during
2005-06 2006-07 and during 2007-08 it is shared
in a ratio of 15 and 85 State and Central
respectively.
78
RICE (KHARIF)
Area in 000 ha.
Production in ooo tonnes
79
RICE (KHARIF)
Production in ooo tonnes
Area in 000 ha.
80
RICE (KHARIF)
Production in ooo tonnes
Area in 000 ha.
81
RICE (KHARIF)
Area in 000 ha.
Production in ooo tonnes
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