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Beijing, China

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The Great Wall of China. Built 2000 years ago during the Qin Dynasty ... Visit the Great Wall of China. Beijing Quiz. What did you learn? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Beijing, China


1
Beijing, China
No Longer the Forbidden City
2
BeijingHome of the 2008 Summer Olympics
3
Beijing
  • Click tovisit Beijing.

4
BeijingHistory
  • Originally built by Kublai Khan 1260 - 1290
  • Original name was Camubluc
  • As Beijing (Chinese for northern capital), was
    the capital from 1421-1911
  • Captured by Great Britain and France
  • Boxer Rebellion in 1900 aided
  • by Americans, Japanese, and
  • Europeans

5
BeijingHistory
  • Several civil wars between 1911 and 1927
  • In 1928 name changed to Beiping, meaning northern
    peace
  • Occupied by Japan in 1937 and returned to
    sovereignty in 1946 after WWII
  • In 1948 became part of the Communist Peoples
    Republic of China
  • Name restored to Beijing in 1948

6
BeijingHistory
  • Click here to learn
  • about Chinese history and government

7
BeijingGeography and Climate
  • Flat land except for hills to
  • the north, northwest and west of Beijing
  • Mountains to the west known as
  • Xishan
  • Close to plains and the sea
  • One of a few major cities in
  • China that doesnt border a river
  • Climate is harsh hot, humid
  • summers and cold, windy, dry
  • winters

8
BeijingEconomy and Industry
  • Great industrial area
  • Textile mills
  • Railroad repair shops
  • Machine shops
  • Chemical plants
  • Factories producing heavy machinery, electronics,
    locomotives, plastics, synthetic fibers
  • Large petrochemical industry
  • Industry has created serious pollution problems

9
BeijingEconomy and Industry
  • Major agricultural crops are tea and rice
  • Tourism growing due to
  • Chinese peoples love of travel and history
  • Relaxed restrictions on foreign travel
  • Click to learn more
  • about Beijings industries

10
BeijingPoints of Interest
  • Forbidden City
  • Former emperors residence
  • Over 800 buildings
  • Visit the
  • Forbidden City

11
BeijingPoints of Interest
  • Tiananmen Square
  • Monument to the heroes of the revolution
  • Great Hall of the People
  • The Summer Palace
  • Built for Qing Dynastys dowager empress Cixi
  • Gardens have existed for over 800 years
  • Hutongs
  • Oldest neighborhoods in Beijing some built in
    Yuan Dynasty (1115-1234)
  • Small lanes forming mazes of small apartments
    built around a central courtyard
  • Siheyuan built along east-west or north-south
    axes according
  • the rules of feng shui

12
BeijingPoints of Interest
  • The Great Wall of China
  • Built 2000 years ago during the Qin Dynasty
  • Created to protect China from the invading
  • Huns to the North

13
BeijingPoints of Interest
  • One of the largest
  • construction projects ever
  • completed over 5,000 km long
  • Can be seen from space
  • Visit the Great Wall of China

14
Beijing Quiz
  • What did you learn?
  • Take this quiz and click to the next slide for
    the correct answers.
  • 1. What is the capital of China?
  • 2. Where did the emperors of China live?
  • 3. What world famous fortification is north of
    Beijing?
  • 4. Who built the original city?
  • 5. Name four major industries of Beijing.
  • 6. What problem has the growth of industry
    created?
  • 7. Why has tourism increased in the last few
    years?
  • 8. What are the two main agricultural products
    of Beijing and China/
  • 9. Why was the Great Wall of China Built?
  • 10. What form of government exists in China?

15
Beijing Quiz
  • Quiz Answers
  • 1. Beijing
  • 2. The Forbidden City
  • 3. The Great Wall of China
  • 4. Kublai Khan
  • 5. Textile mills, railroad repair shops, machine
    shops, chemical plants, factories producing heavy
    machinery, electronics, locomotives, plastics,
    and synthetic fibers, large petrochemical
    factories, tea and rice crops, and tourism
  • 6. Beijing has serious pollution problems
  • 7. The Chinese love to travel and have more
    money to do this now, and travel restrictions for
    foreign tourists have been relaxed.
  • 8. rice and tea
  • 9. to protect the Chinese from the invading Huns
    from the North
  • 10. China has a communist government.

16
References
  • Beijing 2008 Olympics http//en.beijing2008.cn/
  • Beijing Globe http//www.beijingglobe.com/
  • Chinatown Online http//www.chinatownonline.co.uk/
    pages/culture/music.html
  • Peoples Daily Online http//english.peopledaily.c
    om.cn/
  • Postcards from China http//www.newton.mec.edu/Ang
    ier/DimSum/Postcards20Lesson.html
  • The China Guide Virtual Guide of Beijing
  • http//www.thebeijingguide.com/
  • United Streaming http//www.unitedstreaming.com
  • Virtual Tour of the Great Wall of China
  • http//www.chinavista.com/travel/greatwall/greatw
    all.html
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