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Using the dictionary with a lexical approach

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Bilingual and monolingual dictionaries. Pronunciation dictionaries ... A good monolingual dictionary usually provides at least one or two expressions ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Using the dictionary with a lexical approach


1
Using the dictionary with a lexical approach
Corso di Lingua Inglese 1
M. De Meo M. Cordisco
Fisciano - SA 9 - 11 ottobre 2007
2
Types of dictionary
  • Bilingual and monolingual dictionaries
  • Pronunciation dictionaries
  • Learner dictionaries (for non-native speakers)
  • Collocation dictionaries
  • On-line dictionaries

3
What can I find in a dictionary?
  • examples
  • grammatical information
  • translation
  • pronunciation
  • idioms
  • specialist vocabulary
  • phrasal verbs
  • American English
  • cultural notes
  • related words
  • synonyms
  • definitions
  • antonyms
  • illustrations
  • cross references
  • abbreviations
  • compound nouns
  • collocations

4
  • examples
  • grammatical information
  • translation
  • pronunciation
  • idioms
  • specialist vocabulary
  • phrasal verbs
  • American English
  • cultural notes
  • related words
  • synonyms
  • definitions
  • antonyms
  • illustrations
  • cross references
  • abbreviations
  • compound nouns
  • collocations
  • Monolingual dictionaries
  • Bilingual dictionaries

5
What makes a good learner dictionary
  • example sentences for each word
  • a large language database (corpus) as a source of
    information
  • pronunciation using the International Phonetic
    Alphabet (IPA)
  • a CD-Rom for your PC
  • simple definitions
  • information on the word collocation
  • information on the use of the word
  • British and American spelling/pronunciation
  • pictures and visuals

6
Some tips
  • Choose a large dictionary rather than a concise
    one. You need one which is big enough to define
    words clearly.
  • There are over 600,000 words in the Oxford
    English Dictionary, most of them with different
    meanings.
  • Keep you dictionary at hand when you are
    studying.
  • Read the introductory pages and study pages to
    become familiar with the dictionarys
    terminology.
  • Improve your vocabulary by reading widely.
  • If you haven't got your dictionary with you, note
    down words which you don't understand and look
    them up later.
  • Remember that there are different types of
    dictionaries to suit your needs.

7
  • Dictionaries prove to be a very important source
    of information on collocation, if used properly.
  • A good monolingual dictionary usually provides at
    least one or two expressions or sentences
    demonstrating the use of a word.
  • A dictionary is an important decoding tool,
    useful to find out the meaning of unknown words
  • It is also an encoding tool that will show the
    ways of combining words into meaningful chunks.
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