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Introduction to Cognitive Science

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Introduction to Cognitive Science – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Cognitive Science


1
16th International Summer School in Cognitive
Science, New Bulgarian University, Sofia,
Bulgaria, 2009
A Functional Role for Sensory Motor Systems in
Cognition?
Michael J. Spivey Department of Cognitive
Science University of California, Merced
2
Cognition Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Movement Action
The Temporal Dynamics of Movement
The Temporal Dynamics of Movement
Reaching Movements and Language
Eye Movements and Visual Cognition
Key Evidence for Functional Influences from
Sensorimotor Processes into Cognition
Thomas lleras 2007 Meteyard 2008
Pulvermuller, hauk Iomoeni et al.
3
Cognition Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
The Temporal Dynamics of Movement
Looking back in time at a thought.
OUTPUT
DELAY
speech
10 s
1 s
limbs
.5 s
finger
.2 s
eyes
4
Cognition Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Speech Errors
Anticipatory errors (e.g., bappy boy) are
about twice as common as perseverative errors
(e.g., happy hoy).
5
Cognition Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Georgopoulos (1995)
6
Cognition Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Cisek Kalaska (2005)
7
Cognition Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Population Codes of Eye Movements in the
Superior Colliculus
(Sparks, 1978)
8
Cognition Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Gold Shadlen (2000)
9
Cognition Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Movement Action
The Temporal Dynamics of Movement
The Temporal Dynamics of Movement
Reaching Movements and Language
Eye Movements and Visual Cognition
Key Evidence for Functional Influences from
Sensorimotor Processes into Cognition
10
Language Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Nazir, Boulenger, Roy, Silber,Jeannerod,
Paulignan (2008)
11
Language Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Nazir, Boulenger, Roy, Silber,Jeannerod,
Paulignan (2008)
12
Cognition Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Movement Action
The Temporal Dynamics of Movement
The Temporal Dynamics of Movement
Reaching Movements and Language
Eye Movements and Visual Cognition
Key Evidence for Functional Influences from
Sensorimotor Processes into Cognition
13
(No Transcript)
14
Imagery Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Spivey Geng (2001)
15
Imagery Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Spivey Geng (2001)
16
Cognition Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
The Embodiment of Cognition
Action Interacting with Cognition
Stimulus-Response Compatibility
Eye Movements During Imagery

Eye Movements During Memory

Your Entire Body Participates in Thought

17
Memory Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Spivey Geng (2001)
18
Memory Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Spivey Geng (2001)
19
Memory Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Spivey Geng (2001)
20
Memory Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Spivey Geng (2001)
21
Memory Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Spivey Geng (2001)
22
Memory Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Spivey Geng (2001)
23
Memory Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Richardson Spivey (2000)
24
Memory Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Richardson Spivey (2000)
25
Memory Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Richardson Spivey (2000)
26
Memory Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Richardson Spivey (2000)
27
Memory Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Richardson Spivey (2000)
Shakespeares first play was The Tempest?
28
Action Coextensive with Memory
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Vankov (2009)
29
Action Coextensive with Memory
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Vankov (2009)
cat
30
Action Coextensive with Memory
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Vankov (2009)
cat
31
Insight Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Glucksberg, 1964)
Dunckers Candle-mounting Problem
32
Insight Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Glucksberg, 1964)
Dunckers Candle-mounting Problem
33
Insight Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Glucksberg, 1964)
Dunckers Candle-mounting Problem
If you somehow tricked people into touching the
box more, would they exhibit a higher probability
of finding the solution?
34
Insight Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Karl Dunckers (1945) Radiation Problem
Given a human being with an inoperable stomach
tumor, and lasers which destroy organic tissue
at sufficient intensity, how can one cure the
person with these lasers and, at the same
time, avoid harming the healthy tissue that
surrounds the tumor?
35
Insight Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Grant Spivey, 2003)
36
Insight Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Grant Spivey, 2003)
37
Insight Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Grant Spivey, 2003, Exp. 1)
38
Insight Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Grant Spivey, 2003, Exp. 1)
39
Insight Coextensive with Perception
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Grant Spivey, 2003, Exp. 2)
Animated Skin
40
Insight Coextensive with Perception
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Grant Spivey, 2003, Exp. 2)
Animated Skin
41
Insight Coextensive with Perception
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Grant Spivey, 2003, Exp. 2)
Animated Tumor
42
Insight Coextensive with Perception
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Grant Spivey, 2003, Exp. 2)
Animated Tumor
43
Insight Coextensive with Perception
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Grant Spivey, 2003, Exp. 2)
Static
44
Insight Coextensive with Perception
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Grant Spivey, 2003, Exp. 2)
Percent and Frequency of Solution Outcomes
Across Experiments Condition Successful
Unsuccessful n Static (Exp. 1) 36 (5) 64
(9) 14 Static (Exp. 2) 37 (10) 63
(17) 27 Animated Tumor 33 (9) 67 (18) 27
Animated Skin 67 (18) 33
(9) 27 ___________________________________________
__
45
Insight Coextensive with Perception
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Grant Spivey, 2003, Exp. 2)
Percent and Frequency of Solution Outcomes
Across Experiments Condition Successful
Unsuccessful n Static (Exp. 1) 36 (5) 64
(9) 14 Static (Exp. 2) 37 (10) 63
(17) 27 Animated Tumor 33 (9) 67 (18) 27
Animated Skin 67 (18) 33
(9) 27 ___________________________________________
__
46
Insight Coextensive with Perception
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Grant Spivey, 2003, Exp. 2)
Percent and Frequency of Solution Outcomes
Across Experiments Condition Successful
Unsuccessful n Static (Exp. 1) 36 (5) 64
(9) 14 Static (Exp. 2) 37 (10) 63
(17) 27 Animated Tumor 33 (9) 67 (18) 27
Animated Skin 67 (18) 33
(9) 27 ___________________________________________
__
47
Insight Coextensive with Perception
Summer School in Cognitive Science
(Grant Spivey, 2003, Exp. 2)
Percent and Frequency of Solution Outcomes
Across Experiments Condition Successful
Unsuccessful n Static (Exp. 1) 36 (5) 64
(9) 14 Static (Exp. 2) 37 (10) 63
(17) 27 Animated Tumor 33 (9) 67
(18) 27 Animated Skin 67 (18) 33
(9) 27 ___________________________________________
__
48
Cognition Coextensive with Action
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Movement Action
The Temporal Dynamics of Movement
The Temporal Dynamics of Movement
Reaching Movements and Language
Eye Movements and Visual Cognition
Key Evidence for Functional Influences from
Sensorimotor Processes into Cognition
49
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
50
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Thomas Lleras (2007)
51
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Thomas Lleras (2007)
52
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
53
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
54
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Meteyard, Zokaei, Bahrami, Vigliocco (2008)
55
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Meteyard, Zokaei, Bahrami, Vigliocco (2008)
56
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
57
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Pulvermüller, Hauk, Nikulin, Ilmoniemi (2005)
58
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Pulvermüller, Hauk, Nikulin, Ilmoniemi (2005)
59
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Pulvermüller, Hauk, Nikulin, Ilmoniemi (2005)
60
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
61
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
62
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
63
Sensorimotor Influences on Cognition
Summer School in Cognitive Science
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