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Quotation

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He also invited the fairies who lived in his kingdom, but because he had only ... The fairies came to the celebration, and as it was ending they presented the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Quotation


1
Quotation
  • Separate QUOTATION
  • Integrated QUOTATION
  • Using ellipsis

2
Outline
  • Purposes
  • Separated, but not indented.
  • Separated, and indented.
  • Integrated.
  • More Examples Separated vs. Integrated.
  • Ellipses
  • References

3
1. Purposes
  • Purposes avoid plagiarism, increase credibility
    by giving evidence or support, for close
    analysis.
  • Kinds paraphrase and direct quote (further
    divided into separated and integrated)
  • Things to Consider
  • Whether the quotes are supportive or distractive.
    (Dont let the quotes to speak for you.)
  • Punctuation format
  • Smoothing the syntax with transitions, etc.
  • USING ELLIPSES and other alterations of sources.

4
2. Separated Quotation
  • St. Paul declared, "It is better to marry than to
    burn."
  • In his first epistle to the Corinthians, St. Paul
    commented on lust "It is better to marry than to
    burn. (a separate unit of the sentence.)

5
2. Separated (2)
  • Student Sample 2
  • When Jimmy was a child, he knew that he had the
    talent of painting. Yet, it was until Jimmy was
    junior grade in his senior high school he knew
    that he could go to the art school. In my first
    grade in junior high school, I was the champion
    in painting competition in my second grade, I
    was the second in my third grade, I was the
    third, says Jimmy with smiling. However, because
    people think that its useless to paint, and he
    also thinks that its not a big deal for knowing
    how to paint, Jimmy never thought that he would
    be an artist in the future. Thus, it was until
    my junior year in senior high that I knew I could
    go to the art department, continues Jimmy.
  • (used well in cases of interview and speeches
    tense, transitions, topic sentence)

6
2. Separated -- Improvement
  • Student Sample 2 (tense, transitions, topic
    sentence)
  • Jimmy started his artist career very late in his
    life. He knew that he had the talent for
    painting since childhood. In my first grade in
    junior high school I was the champion in a
    painting contest in my second grade, I was the
    second in my third grade, I was the third,
    recalled Jimmy with both a sense of fun and
    pride. However, Jimmy never thought then that he
    would be an artist in the future, since nobody,
    including himself, saw painting as useful. In his
    last year in high school, surprisingly, he
    decided he would go to an art department.

7
2. Separated Quotation (3)
  • Student Sample 3
  • Yet, because Jimmy didnt have confident about
    his painting when he entered college and because
    he thought that being an artist might be hungry
    to death, he turned into design group. Unlike
    other classmates, acknowledges Jimmy, I didnt
    have a lot of passion towards painting. After
    graduated, Jimmy entered into advertisement area.
    Several years passed by, Jimmy began to have the
    desire of painting. Thus, Jimmy says, I started
    to paint no matter I am eating or working. Then,
    One of his co-workers brought his paintings to
    Crown Publisher. Jimmy started to paint for
    newspapers and some famous writers. However,
    because the salary wasnt high, he quitted.

8
2. Separated Quotation (3) --improvement
  • Student Sample 3
  • However, without confidence and with all the
    knowledge that arts mean hunger, Jimmy chose the
    Graphic Design section of his department. Unlike
    some of my classmates, acknowledged Jimmy, I
    didnt have a lot of passion towards painting.
    After graduation, Jimmy entered into
    advertisement and settled down as a graphic
    designer. After several years, Jimmy began to
    have the desire for painting, which got to be so
    strong that he painted while he was eating or
    working. Then, one of his co-workers brought his
    paintings to Crown Publisher. Jimmy started to do
    illustration for some newspapers and some famous
    writers. However, because the salary wasnt high,
    he quit

9
3. separated and indented
  • Perhaps it is the unavoidable fate for Lennie
    that he killed Curleys wife when he tried to
    keep her quiet. (gap) For Lennie, there is no
    difference between the puppy and Curleys wife, a
    human being
  • Lennie went back and looked at the dead girl.
    The puppy lay close to her. Lennie picked it up.
    Ill throw him away, he said. Its bad
    enough like it is.(100)
  • Therefore, the novel communicated most intensely
    of unconventional morality.(Levant 138) For
    readers, Lennie is guiltless though he killed
    Curleys wife.
  • (The quote remains unexplained.) (see correction)

10
3. separated and indented Correction
  • Perhaps it is inevitable for Lennie to kill
    Curleys wife when he tried to keep her quiet.
    For Lennie, there is no difference between a
    puppy and Curleys wife, a human being. After he
    killed both of them, he picked up the puppy
    because Its bad enough like it is.(100). In
    showing Lennie to be still sympathetic, the novel
    communicates most intensely a kind of
    unconventional morality(Levant 138), and exempt
    Lennie from any sense of guilt.

11
3. Separated and Indented
  • As for the novels, Atwood's debut The Edible
    Woman locates her vital position in Canadian
    literature. transition For Atwood, "literature
    is a means to cultural and personal
    self-awareness. In her opinion, Canada's
    central reality is the act of survival Canadian
    life and culture are decisively shaped by the
    demands of a harsh environment. Closely related,
    in Atwood's view, to this defining act of
    survival is the Canadian search for territorial
    identity"(who said it? 21). Thus in Atwood's
    novels, the characters, especially the female
    protagonists, are the representation of seeking
    for survival and quest for self-identity.
  • (The quote 1) should be more than four lines and
    thus put in a separate paragraph with
    indentation 2) is too long.)

12
4. Separated and Indented Correction
  • As for the novels, Atwood's debut The Edible
    Woman locates her vital position in Canadian
    literature. transition For Atwood,
  • . . . Literature is a means to cultural and
    personal self-awareness. Canada's central
    reality is the act of survival Canadian life and
    culture are decisively shaped by the demands of a
    harsh environment. Closely related, in Atwood's
    view, to this defining act of survival is the
    Canadian search for territorial identity. (who
    said it? 21)
  • Thus in Atwood's novels, the characters,
    especially the female protagonists, are the
    representation of seeking for survival and quest
    for self-identity.
  • (The quote still is too long, and the paragraph
    not coherent.)

13
3. Separated -Correction
  • (getting a topic sentence reducing irrelevant
    parts)
  • In Atwood's novels, the characters, especially
    the female protagonists, seek for survival and
    self-identity. For Atwood, "Canada's central
    reality is the act of survival Canadian life and
    culture are decisively shaped by the demands of a
    harsh environment. Closely related, in Atwood's
    view, to this defining act of survival is the
    Canadian search for territorial identity"(Name
    21). For instance, Atwood's debut, The Edible
    Woman, deal with a womans attempt to survive in
    a city where humans are eating up one another.
    (More on this novel, or the other novels by
    Atwood. )

14
4. Integrated Quotations
  • Separated
  • As points out, For Mrs. Warren to be a
    prostitute and want her daughter to be
    respectable would be hypocritical only if her
    original motive for entering the profession had
    been an innate love for it, rather than a
    realization that solid material foundations are
    the precondition for any hope of a better life
    ?74?.
  • Integrated (syntax smoothed)
  • Mrs. Warren is not hypocritical in wanting her
    daughter to be respectable, since her
    motivation for going into the business of
    prostitution is not, as put it, an innate love
    for it but a realization that solid material
    foundations are the precondition for any hope of
    a better life ?74?.

15
4. Integrated
  • As a professor of history, Tony tells her
    students, history is a construct,any point of
    entry is possible and all the choices are
    arbitrary(4).
  • Correction As a professor of history, Tony tells
    her students that history is a construct, . .
    . ,any point of entry is possible and all the
    choices are arbitrary(4).

16
4. integrated
  • it points out in Critical that it was
    inevitable that Humanist interest in the Latin
    and Greek classics should also produce a new kind
    of English tragedy(221).
  • Corrections
  • Critical Reader points out that it was
    inevitable that Humanist interest in the Latin
    and Greek classics should also produce a new kind
    of English tragedy(221).
  • Emphasis placed on a certain idea
  • Critical Reader points out that with
    contemporary humanist interest in the Latin and
    Greek classics, producing a new kind of English
    tragedy was inevitable(221).

17
5. Separated vs. Integrated Quotation (1)
  • Student sample 1
  • She says, I took all my notebooks, all my
    manuscripts and ate them page by page, so I could
    take my words with me. Its like she stresses on
    receive ideas and mental elements, and rejects
    materials like dresses and jeans.

18
5. Separated vs. Integrated Quotation
--Correction
  • Separated She says, I took all my notebooks,
    all my manuscripts and ate them page by page, so
    I could take my words with me, which means that
    she stresses preserving her own ideas and mental
    elements, while rejecting external materials like
    dresses and jeans.
  • Integrated While rejecting material things such
    as dresses and jeans, she guards her own words to
    such a degree that she eats her notebook page by
    page, so she could take her words with her.

19
5. separated and indented vs. Integrated example
2 -1
  • After the princess was born, she then started to
    explore into her self-identity
  • The king was so happy about the birth of the
    princess that he held a great celebration. He
    also invited the fairies who lived in his
    kingdom, but because he had only twelve golden
    plates, one had to be left out, for there were
    thirteen of them. The fairies came to the
    celebration, and as it was ending they presented
    the child with gifts. The one promised her
    virtue, the second one gave beauty, and so on,
    each one offering something desirable and
    magnificent. The eleventh fairy had just
    presented her gift when the thirteenth fairy
    walked in. She was very angry that she had not
    been invited and cried out, (contd)

20
5. separated and indented vs. Integrated example
2 -2
  • "Because you did not invite me, I tell you that
    in her fifteenth year, your daughter will prick
    herself with a spindle and fall over dead." The
    parents were horrified, but the twelfth fairy,
    who had not yet offered her wish, said, "It shall
    not be her death. She will only fall into a
    hundred-year sleep." The king, hoping to rescue
    his dear child, issued an order that all spindles
    in the entire kingdom should be destroyed.
  • In this section the role that plays an important
    part in the princess self-identity appears in a
    form of the twelve kind-hearted fairies and the
    thirteenth bad fairy. These senior, wise,
    dignified women signify the model that the young
    girl identifies herself with during the progress
    of growing up. (The quote too long, and
    interpretation not well supported.)

21
5. separated and indented vs. Integrated example
2 Correction
  • Right after the princess is born, she starts to
    explore her self-identity, one major moment of
    which is her birthday. For her birthday, the
    king invites twelve fairies because he only had
    twelve plates. At the end of it, the fairies
    gives the princess such intangible gifts as
    virtue and beauty. The one fairy that was not
    invited came and, instead of a gift, gave the
    princess a curse falling dead upon being pricked
    by a spindle. These fairies, on a symbolic level
    of the princess self-exploration, represent what
    the princess desires and/or develops in her
    identity as she grows up beauty, virtue, as well
    as curiosity for the unknown.

22
Ellipsis
  • Improper Besides, in this is my greatest
    performance and all of the actresses who won my
    parts will say. The life for women is like to
    play a role for performance life is an image for
    others. Even when one of the women disappears,
    there are still many women eager to take her
    role.
  • Meaning incomplete (like some email writings. ?)

23
Ellipsis -revised
  • Another source of constraint in this womans life
    is that of playing roles, of which even her death
    is one. Upon her death, the other actresses
    who will take over her role praise it by saying
    how wonderful to let yourself go that mad, how
    wonderful . . . , as if it were a matter of
    performance on the stage.

24
Reference Quotation
  • Types of quotation punctuation
    http//www.eng.fju.edu.tw/concom_databank/Marguer
    ite/SSW3.htm
  • Verbs to use proper format and varying sentence
    structure. http//www.eng.fju.edu.tw/concom_datab
    ank/Marguerite/SSW2.htm
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