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Title IX for Higher Education Students

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Administered by the Office for Civil Rights (a government agency) Who? 1972. When? ... The high school created a varsity golf team for girls and hired a coach! ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Title IX for Higher Education Students


1
Title IX for Higher Education Students
2
So, youve heard of…
  • Title IX?

3
What do we already know?
4
Our responses…
5
How did we do?
6
Given what we know about Title IX, how do you
think our program would medal?
  • Medals Gold, Silver, Bronze, Plastic…or a
    Button.
  • Gold Medal Were all over it. Our female and
    male sports are equal, and theres no gender
    inequity in our program.
  • Silver Medal We have a pretty good athletic
    program that treats men and women equally. We
    might have some issues going on, but nobody is
    bothered.
  • Bronze Medal We guess were doing OK.
  • Plastic Medal We never thought about it.
  • A Button We dont care about sports, gender or
    fairness.

7
As a result of this lesson, you will be able to
  • Understand the basic rudiments of the law,
    including when, who, what, where, why and how
  • Describe and analyze a schools participation
    opportunities by gender
  • Define some elements of equitable treatment at
    this institution
  • Consider strategies that could move our program
    to compliance
  • Review/save/distribute the Womens Sports
    Foundation Title IX resources

8
About the Law
  • Title IX is the portion of the Education
    Amendments of 1972 that prohibits sex
    discrimination in educational institutions that
    receive any federal funds.
  • In brief (only 37 words), Title IX states…

9
Title IX
  • No person in the United States shall, on the
    basis of sex, be excluded from participation in,
    be denied the benefits of, or be subject to
    discrimination under any educational program or
    activity receiving federal financial assistance.

10
Title IX Covers…
  • … every aspect of federally funded education
    programs.
  • Access to Higher Education
  • Athletics
  • Career Education
  • Education for Pregnant and Parenting Students
  • Employment
  • Learning Environment
  • Math and Science
  • Sexual Harassment
  • Standardized Testing
  • Technology

11
(No Transcript)
12
Avoid misperceptions
  • Understand that Title IX is about raising the
    level of one program and NOT taking away from or
    tearing down another program (wrestling, as an
    example). It is NOT about who is better! Title IX
    does not force a school to drop or eliminate
    programs to meet compliance.
  • Avoid an attitude that only values major sports
    (typically football and mens basketball) to the
    exclusion of all others.
  • Remember that females seek and deserve the same
    benefits from athletics that males do. This means
    breaking down gender stereotypes.

13
Title IX and Athletics
  • 3 Conditions for Compliance
  • A. Participation
  • B. Athletic Financial Assistance
  • C. Treatment of Students

14
Game On!
  • First Half
  • Halftime
  • Second Half
  • Closing

15
Question 1 A. Participation
Your school offers freshman, JV and varsity teams
for all mens sports, but only JV and varsity
teams for women. Is this a violation of Title
IX?
16
A. Participation
  • Title IX requires that females have the same
    number of chances to participate in sports as
    males.

17
A. Participation
Imagine This… There was a high school boys golf
team. There was no high school golf team for
girls.
18
What Happened?
A very interested parent used our resources and
Steps To Gender Equity guide. The parent
made a formal request to the athletic director,
including a petition signed by 30 interested
girls.
19
Success!
With the parent and student advocacy and the
athletic directors support, the plan worked! The
high school created a varsity golf team for girls
and hired a coach!
20
Question 2 B. Athletic Financial
Assistance
A school spends a different amount of money on
sports for females and males. Is this a
violation of Title IX?
21
B. Athletic Financial Assistance
  • There is NO funding requirement, however…
  • When gender differences in money exist, it
    may result in problems with overall program
    fairness.

22
Halftime!
  • Has there been a time when you were not treated
    fairly, because you were a boy or girl?

23
Second Half
  • In the 37-plus years since the passage of Title
    IX, no one has really found a school in total
    compliance with the law.
  • Yet, no school has ever lost federal funding for
    breaking the Title IX law.

24
C. Treatment of Athletes
  • The treatment and benefits the boys and girls
    receive must be comparable.
  • Lets look at a few components of
    Treatment that are relevant to students…

25
C. Treatment of Athletes includes
26
And typically, in higher education, add…
  • Scholarships
  • Medical and Training Services
  • Tutoring

27
C. Treatment of Athletes
  • Scheduling

28
Scheduling
Imagine This… A high school athletic
association scheduled six girls sports (but no
boys sports) in non-traditional seasons. This
was done, they said, to avoid sharing fields and
facilities. The consequence for the girls was
that playing out of season limited their
opportunities.
29
What Happened?
  • The Supreme Court refused to hear the case,
    accepting the lower courts decision, ensuring
    that schedules must benefit all students equally.

30
Success!
Girls (and boys) play during the traditional
seasons across the country, giving everyone
access to high-level competitions, recruiting,
scouts and scholarships.
31
C. Treatment of Athletes
  • Equipment

32
C. Treatment of Athletes
  • Publicity

33
C. Treatment of Athletes
  • Travel and Daily Allowance

34
Question 3 Coaching
The girls lacrosse coach and the boys lacrosse
coach have equal experience and duties. However,
the boys coach is paid more. Is this a
violation of Title IX?
35
C. Treatment of Athletes
  • Coaching
  • Employment decisions, including those regarding
    coaches, are to be made in a non-discriminatory
    manner.

36
Coaching
Imagine This… A basketball coach was removed
for challenging the lack of support for his high
school girls team. The girls team practiced in
a cold, old gym, with sloped floors, made its own
travel arrangements and had its winning JV team
eliminated. The boys team practiced in the
new gym, had school-arranged travel and kept its
losing JV team.
37
What Happened?
In a precedent-setting case, the coach sued the
district because Title IX prohibits retaliation
against a coach who advocates for gender
equality.
38
Success!
In the courts, the coach was reinstated and
received 50,000. Also, the AD and school system
remain obligated to follow up with steps toward
compliance and Title IX training.
39
Question 4 Facilities
Thanks to fundraising by the Baseball Booster
Club, the boys baseball field has concrete
dugouts, large bleachers, an enclosed fence with
warning pads, three batting cages and an
electronic scoreboard. Also the field has new sod
and a sprinkler system. The softball field does
not have a sprinkler system, scoreboard, outfield
fence, batting cages or press box. The dugout is
old, and the paint is chipping. Is this a
violation of Title IX?
40
C. Treatment of Athletes
  • Facilities
  • Under Title IX, both baseball and softball
    programs are entitled to comparable facilities.

41
3. Facilities
Imagine This… The boys baseball field had
lights, thanks to a group of volunteer
fundraisers. Without lights, many girls
softball games were canceled.
42
What Happened?
  • Volunteers wanted lights for the girls field.
    Initially, the district refused.
  • Volunteers used Womens Sports Foundation
    resources and pressured the school board.

43
Success!
With the ADs support, the school board agreed
to offset the added cost, without using booster
club funds, and provided new lights for the
softball team! The AD now manages a school-wide
booster club, providing fund-raising activities
that promote all school sports fairly.
44
C. Treatment of Athletes
  • Support Services Booster Clubs

45
Given your knowledge and understanding of Title
IX and your institution, what medal do you now
think best represents the programs compliance?
  • Medals Gold, Silver, Bronze, Plastic…or a
    Button.
  • Gold Medal Were totally fair…
  • Silver Medal We have some issues…
  • Bronze Medal We think were doing OK…
  • Plastic Medal We just thought about it...
  • A Button We dont care...

46
V is for Victory. So is IX. Visit
www.Vis4Victory.org
  • IX. Get 9 classmates to Grade Your School.
  • 8. Call our hotline 1-800-227-3988 with
  • questions.
  • 7. Using only 7 sentences, e-mail us your Title
    IX stories.
  • 6. E-mail 6 photos, showing fair (or unfair!)
    practices at your school.
  • 5. Give 5 Title IX Media Helpers to friends and
    colleagues.
  • 4. Share our video with 4 good sportspeople who
    have helped you generate Title IX compliance.
  • 3. Over 3 days, Grade Your Newspaper, following
    the guidelines on our site.
  • 2. Contact 2 of your elected officials and ask
    them to speak up for girls sports.
  • 1. Youve already won (1!) when you support
    women and girls in sports and physical activity.

47
Ready, Set, Go!
  • Womens Sports Foundation
  • 800.227.3988
  • Advocacy_at_WomensSportsFoundation.org
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