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The preschool years

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Children love to pretend that they are nurses, doctors, teachers, astronauts, ... Learn to recognise and name the letters of the alphabet. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The preschool years


1
The pre-school years Primary schoolMaking
the link....
2
All they do is just play!!!!!
  • Play is central to and touches all aspects of
    a young childs development. Its importance
    cannot be overemphasised.

3
Subjects
  • English Music
    S.P.H.E
  • Maths Art
    P.E
  • Irish Drama
    S.E.S.E
  • www.curriculumonline.ie

4
English
5
  • Oral Language

6
Oral language
  • The language curriculum emphasises developing
    listening and speaking skills in preparation for
    beginning of reading and writing.
  • It is essential for the social development of
    children. Children need language to perform
    common social functions- introducing oneself to
    others, greeting others and saying goodbye,
    giving and receiving messages, interacting with
    others and negotiating.
  • It is also necessary for their emotional
    development. They need language to express their
    thoughts and feelings.

7
  • Developing Language Skills

8
Language Play
  • Play provides an ideal opportunity for children
    to use language, build their vocabulary and to
    acquire a variety of linguistic skills. Dont
    economise with language.
  • In developing language skills children should be
    encouraged to
  • Listen Explain Tell
  • Talk Question Retell
  • Ask open ended questions.
  • Too often we only speak to children to give
    instructions.

9
Language, language, language....
  • Act out roles. Children love to pretend that they
    are nurses, doctors, teachers, astronauts,
    shopkeepers etc, etc. Opportunity for introducing
    new language here is endless..
  • Memory games put out three objects e.g animals.
    Name them. Take one away. Whos missing?
    Opportunity here for counting and discussion.
  • Who am I ? I direct traffic etc. What am I? Make
    up stories. Odd one out and why? e.g apple,
    orange, aeroplane.
  • Story time. Repeat stories again again..
    Predict what will happen. What was your favourite
    part? Draw talk. Retell the story. Allow
    children to handle the books. Parent/ child in
    role.
  • Rhymes riddles are a great way of encouraging
    language development.

10
  • Reading

11
Reading
  • Children are enabled to
  • Listen to, enjoy and respond to stories, nursery
    rhymes, poems and songs.
  • Become familiar with a wide range of
    environmental print.
  • Learn to recognise and name the letters of the
    alphabet. Emphasis on the lower case in junior
    infants.
  • Develop an awareness of letter sound
    relationships and to fuse the sounds of letters
    into words.
  • Build up a sight vocabulary of common words and
    start reading graded reading books.

12
  • Preparation for reading

13
Preparation for reading.
  • Language, language and more language....
  • Singing and saying the alphabet. Point to each
    letter. Lower case. Allow children to handle
    magnetic letters, soft letters etc..
  • Story time encourages a love of books and creates
    an interest in reading.
  • Pay attention to the mechanics of reading i.e.
    Holding a book, turning the page, let your finger
    go under the words as you read from left to
    right.

14
  • Let them repeat what happened in the story. This
    will help build their vocabulary.
  • Reading is essentially about recognising similar,
    written and individual sounds and rhymes, the
    more highly developed childrens ears are the
    better e.g Humpty Dumpty they learn wall and
    fall rhyme. N.B. Matching games.
  • Provide children with an opportunity to handle
    books..

15
Writing
16
Writing
  • Children are enabled to
  • Develop a satisfactory grip of writing elements
    pencil, crayon.
  • Learn to form individual lower case letters.
  • Understand the left, right orientation of
    writing.
  • Copy letters and write words as part of class
    activities.
  • Write his or her name.

17
Preparation for writing
18
  • Primary schools do not expect children to be
    able to write when they come to school. It is far
    more important that small children have had
    plenty of opportunity to build up the control in
    their hands. When the teacher begins to teach
    formal writing children with well developed
    muscles will learn to write with ease.

19
Preparation for writing
  • The assembly and pulling apart of construction
    toys.
  • Playing with dolls dressing undressing. (
    Buttons, laces zips)
  • Manipulating pliable materials such as playdough
    and marla. ( Pushing, pulling rolling)
  • Scribbling using thick crayons.

20
  • Painting.
  • Use old magazines and catalogues to tear and
    stick or to cut and stick. Link with language
    development..
  • Outdoor play climbing, swinging, sand play and
    water ( stirring pouring) , and other
    playground equipment

21
Maths
22
Maths
  • Content for Junior infants
  • Early mathematical activities including
    matching, classifying, comparing and ordering.
  • Number including counting (1-10), comparing (
    sets of 1-5) and ordering (1-5). Read and write
    numerals 1-5, combine sets of objects, totals to
    5.
  • Algebra including copying and adding to
    patterns of colour, shape, size and number.
  • Measurement including working with length,
    weight, capacity, time and money.
  • Shape and space including working with 2-D and
    3-D shapes.
  • Data- including sorting objects and understanding
    and making charts and graphs.

23
Preparation for maths
  • Early mathematical activities
  • Matching - snap, matching pairs of objects in one
    to one correspondence e.g socks, a box of random
    objects!
  • Classifying - putting similar objects in groups
    e.g same colour, shape, texture, animals, birds
    etc.
  • Comparing according to length, width, height,
    quantity e.g The 3 Bears.
  • Ordering ordering objects by length or height.
    Build towers, use cut outs.
  • Number
  • Counting rhymes and songs 5 little ducks etc.
    Birthdays for teddies, play shop ( 2 apples ..)

24
  • Algebra
  • Make simple patterns using beads, pegs, shapes
    and printing.
  • Measurement
  • Length long/short, tall/short, wide/narrow,
    longer/shorter.
  • Weight heavy/light, balance, sort objects into
    heavy or light objects.
  • Capacity full/empty, holds more/holds less.
  • Time morning/evening, night/day,lunchtime,
    bedtime, early/late, days of the week, yesterday,
    today, tomorrow, seasons, birthdays, festivals,
    holidays.
  • Money recognise and use coins up to 5 cent.

25
  • Shape space
  • Use the language of spatial relations position
    over, under, up, down, on , beside, in.
  • Directions moving in straight/curved lines, in
    a circle.
  • 3-D shapes make constructions with 3-D shapes.
    Things that roll/do not roll.
  • 2-D shapes name shapes and use to create
    pictures.
  • Data
  • Sort objects by one criterion shape, colour,
    size etc.

26
Ready for school
27
Ready for school
  • The closer to five a child is, the easier and
    more successful their time in school will be.
  • They will be
  • Physically bigger, have greater language
    usage, have a greater ability to play and mix
    with others, have better hand-eye co-ordination,
    generally have greater emotional steadiness and
    stronger concentration.
  • In contrast, younger children will be
  • Slower to complete tasks, have a shorter
    concentration span,
  • get tired quickly, may be difficult to
    understand and be understood, get upset more
    easily and may not be as competent at expressing
    their thoughts.
  • They are moving from a small, more intimate group
    to one that is larger and more challenging.
  • Consider longterm implications.

28
Practical Tips..
  • Your child should be fully toilet trained. Wipe,
    flush and wash..
  • Practice with uniform on and allow them to use
    cubicles.
  • Have a trial run or ten! with their school bag,
    lunch box and coat.
  • Children cannot become independent if they cannot
    manage the equipment you provide.
  • Nothing succeeds like success!!

29
  • Treat it as a natural step in your childs life.
  • Children take their outlook on school from you so
    if your experience was not a happy one, your
    child does not need to know!! Theres will be
    different...

30
  • The pre-school years play a vital role in
    laying the foundations for all learning...........
    ..

31
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