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UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION

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Trade Facilitation Initiative ... Information fast lane. Partnership promotion. Investment/technology promotion delegate programme ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION


1
UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
Web site http//www.unido.org
2
PROGRAMME ON TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES AND
INNOVATIONS TO ENHANCE PRODUCTIVITY OF INDUSTRY
3
Role and Impact of Technology Increasing
Globalization
  • Worldwide economic growth offers many new
    opportunities for selling products and services
    in countries previously inaccessible because of
    geography.
  • To compete effectively in foreign markets, local
    manufacturing is important and will increase the
    potential markets for local industry.
  • Technological innovation will provide many new
    market opportunities.
  • Success in capturing new, emerging markets will
    depend on the industrys ability to compete in
    different environments.

4
Role and Impact of Technology Sustainability
  • It is technological development that meets the
    economic and environmental needs of the present
    while enhancing the ability of future generations
    to meet their own needs.
  • As world population increases, the industry can
    serve more customers with higher quality, higher
    performing products and services, while
    demonstrating responsible reponsible stewardship
    of our planet.
  • The nation should be properly positioned to bring
    into reality the technology vision of an industry
    one that protects environmental quality,
    improves economic well-being, and promotes a
    higher quality of life.
  • The industry now has the opportunity to
    accelerate its development of advanced
    manufacturing technologies and innovations that
    use materials and energy more efficiently.
  • Environmental technologies make sustainable
    development possible by reducing risk, enhancing
    cost effectiveness, improving process efficiency,
    and creating products and processes that are
    envoronmentally beneficial or benign.

5
Role and Impact of Technology Financial
Performance
  • The industry now has the opportunity to devise
    strategies to achieve targeted short-term returns
    while at the same time attracting the capital
    needed for investment in longer term projects and
    facilities.
  • Strategically driven investment in RD and new
    technologies will continue to drive the industry
    toward unprecedented levels of of productivity
    and return on capital.
  • RD, new technologies and innovations are the
    greatest drivers of productivity increases.
  • Investment in advanced manufacturing
    technologies, logistics and management of the
    supply chain, information technology, and new
    engineering technologies are vital for achieving
    the countrys goal of leading the manufacturing
    sector in profitability.

6
Role and Impact of Technology Customer
Expectations
  • To meet expanding customer expectations, the
    industry needs to apply innovative technology
    throughout all phases of RD, production and
    distribution.
  • Improvements in logistics and supply chain
    management will enable manufacturers to deliver
    products to customers more efficiently and at
    lower cost.
  • New operations and manufacturing technologies
    will ensure highest product quality and more
    sophisticated information systems will link
    companies to their customers.
  • New engineering technologies will provide
    products that add value for customers and, in
    turn, for their customers.
  • Technological advances will reduce product
    development response times and help industry meet
    customers rising expectations.

7
Role and Impact of Technology Changing Work
Force Requirements
  • Because of all the forces creating change in
    industry, particularly having to do with the
    nature of the manufacturing process and
    facilities, more highly skilled workers will be
    required for tomorrows work force.
  • The influx of computers and automation will make
    plans easier to run but will require a more
    technically advanced understanding of the
    process.
  • The increasing complexity of technology and the
    rapid pace of technological change places
    increasing demands on employees across the work
    force, from the scientist at the laboratory bench
    to the operator on the plant floor.
  • The hallmark of the future work force will be
    flexibility, not an assault on jobs.
  • Continuing worker training will be an ongoing
    part of every employees career.
  • This dynamic has implications for educational
    curricula and programmes of the future.

8
Geography of Technological Innovation and
Achievement
9
THE TECHNOLOGY DIVIDE OUTLOOK
  • A small number of industrialized countries
    provide practically all the worlds technology
    innovation.
  • Some developing countries are able to adopt these
    technologies in production and consumption.
  • The remaining part is technologically
    disconnected, neither innovating nor adopting
    foreign technologies.

10
The New Global Setting
  • Increased financial, trade, investment and
    technology flows
  • Rapid and accelerating technological progress,
    including ICTs, biotechnology, new materials,
    electronics, robotics
  • New managerial and organizational systems
  • New international rules and regulations trade,
    quality, environment, intellectual property rights

11
Barriers to Technology Transfer
  • Lack of access to information on new technologies
    and innovations.
  • Inadequate institutional infrastructure,
    management and marketing human skills.
  • Organizational rigidities within the firms
    themselves.
  • Limited access to finances.
  • Regulatory constraints.
  • Inefficient RD institutes and disconnection from
    needs of industry.
  • Inadequate human resources and mechanisms for
    their upgrading.
  • Lack of resources, knowledge and capabilities
    within policy institutions.
  • Low efficacy of government support schemes.

12
UNIDO Response
  • Objective To assist the countries in
    strengthening their capabilities in transfer,
    absorbing and mastering technology
  • At policy level, technology foresight permits to
    define strategic development directions, guide
    innovation policy and set up supporting
    infrastructure.
  • At institutional level, strengthening National
    Innovation Systems, technology and innovation
    centres, high-tech parks, etc. and networking
    them with UNIDO International Technology Centres,
    bringing a culture of innovation to business,
    strengthening RD institutions to become demand
    driven and respond effectively to industry
    needs.
  • At enterprise level, efforts are focused on
    building capacities in transfer and
    commercialization of technology and sustainable
    mechanism to manage technological change.

13
UNIDO Approach
  • Application of modern Information and
    Communications Technologies (ICT) for improving
    access to international knowledge, education,
    training and networking to meet the basic
    requirements for industrial capability building.
  • Establishment of International Technology Centres
    as a unique tool to promote international
    collaboration, diffuse technological knowledge
    and innovations and expand UNIDO capacity in
    technology transfer.
  • Promotion of environmentally sound technology
    (EST) to reduce the unfavourable environmental
    effects of industry.
  • Strong links to financial sources.
  • Integration of technology transfer process with
    other dimensions of the business development,
    trade liberalization and protection of
    environment to enhance the contribution to
    competitiveness and performance of a firm.
  • Assistance through the whole cycle of technology
    transfer.

14
Strengthening National Innovation System
 
 
 
 
15
TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION PROGRAMME
Networking - IT
Networking - IT
Networking - IT
16
UNIDO Service Modules
1. Industrial Governance and Statistics 2.
Investment and Technology Promotion 3. Quality
and Productivity 4. Small Business Development
5. Agro-Industries 6. Industrial Energy
and Kyoto Protocol 7. Environmental Management
8. Montreal Protocol
17
UNIDO Contribution
  • At the aggregate level of technical cooperation
    projects (2001)
  • 39 was dedicated to international protocols,
    agreements and conventions
  • 20 - to investment related technology
    promotion
  • 19 - to environmentally sustainable industrial
    strategies and technologies, including quality,
    standardization and metrology
  • 10 - to institutional capacity building,
    including networked industrial statistics and
    information
  • 10 - to agro-industry
  • 2 - to industrial policy advice.

18
TECHNOLOGY AND INVESTMENT PROMOTION
  • Objective
  • To help developing countries and economies in
    transition bridge the technology divide and the
    investment gap by strengthening their capacities
    for transfer and acquisition of new technologies,
    assisting them in technology needs assessment,
    attracting investment for industrial projects, as
    well as by establishing sustainable mechanism for
    technology diffusion and promotion of business
    alliances

19
UNIDO Principal technology transfer and
investment promotion mechanisms
  • International Technology Centres (ITCs)
  • Investment and Technology Promotion Offices
    (ITPOs)
  • Africa-Asia Investment and Technology Promotion
    Centre (AAITPC)
  • Subcontracting and Partnership Exchanges (SPXs)
  • National Technology and Innovation Centres
  • National Cleaner Production Centres (NCPCs)
  • UNIDO Exchange
  • Technology Foresight
  • Continuous Improvement and Quality Management
  • SME Clusters and Networks Programme
  • Training, tools and methodologies

20
New Initiatives
  • Technology Foresight Initiative
  • It aims of providing suitable methodologies to
    promote sustainable and innovative development,
    fostering economic, environmental and social
    benefits at national and regional levels.
  • The result will be the capability enabling to
    use technology foresight as a practical tool in
    designing policies and strategies that exploit
    emerging and critical technologies for the
    benefit of countries.

21
New Initiatives
  • "Technology Transfer Needs Assessment -
    Promoting Action"
  • Objective To enable the countries to audit
    their current technological capabilities and
    identify strengths and weaknesses at national,
    sectoral and enterprise levels.
  • This tool is designed to
  • Map out the overall capability level.
  • Profile the capabilities of a country showing
    strengths and weaknesses.
  • Assess the effectiveness of current mechanisms
    for technology acquisition.
  • Provide valuable information to help select
    technology priorities within a coherent strategy
    for technology upgrading and acquisition.

22
New Initiatives
  • Trade Facilitation Initiative
  • Objective To build and develop the capacity of
    industries in developing countries and economies
    in transition to facilitate access to the
    international markets of their products.
  • Assistance in mobilizing the scientific and
    technical skills and capacity to meet the
    international standards in quality, productivity,
    health, safety and environmental requirements.

23
New Initiatives
  • Environment Related Initiatives
  • Objective To support the efforts of the
    developing countries and economies in transition
    in efficient use of energy and water resources
    and management of environmental problems.
  • Capacity building to meet the requirements of the
    Climate Change Convention and Kyoto Protocol
    regime.
  • Promotion of technology, investment and trade
    under Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

24
Emerging Role of Technology Centres
Emerging Business Environment
Environment Quality Enhanced requirements
int. standards conformity
  • Market
  • Globalization
  • New economy
  • Competition
  • Customer demand
  • Technology
  • Technology divide
  • Rapid advancement
  • Shortened lifecycle

Emerging Technology Strategy
TC present future
To bridge technological divide through
  • Monitoring technological trends to support
    Foresight activities.
  • Focus on areas with transsectoral wide-economy
    impact.
  • Identification of needs, sourcing acquisition
    of technology.
  • Capacity-building for transfer, application,
    diffusion,
  • of technological innovation management of
    technol. change.
  • Linking demand driven projects to industrial
    investments.
  • Networking

25
INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY CENTRES
Main Features
  • mostly operate in the field of new technologies
    with cross-sectoral and high environmental and
    social impact IT, biotechnology (incl.
    biomedicine), new materials, processing
    technologies
  • monitor technological trends (foresight,
    roadmapping)
  • bring the innovation results and the innovation
    culture to the business environment linking
    technology with capital, industry and market
    place
  • facilitate transfer and absorption of technology
    to developing countries (North-South and
    South-South)
  • provide training and support to SMEs in
    technology transfer, commercialization,
    absorption and diffusion, as well as in managing
    technological change on sustainable basis
  • network with RD institutes, universities,
    professional and industrial associations,
    government institutions, etc.

26
INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY CENTRES (ongoing
projects)
  • International Centre for Science and High
    Technology (ICS, Trieste, Italy)
  • International Centre for Advancement of
    Manufacturing Technology (ICAMT, Bangalore,
    India)
  • International Centre for Small Hydro Power
    (ICSHP, Huanzhou, China)
  • International Centre for Application of Solar
    Energy (CASE, Perth, Western Australia)
  • International Materials Assessment and
    Application Centre (IMAAC, Rio de Janeiro,
    Brazil)
  • International Centre of Medicine Biotechnology
    (ICMB, Moscow, Russia)
  • International Centre for Materials Evaluation
    Technology (ICMET, Taejon, Republic of Korea)
  • UNIDO-Shanghai International IT Technology
    Promotion Centre (Shanghai, China)
  • UNIDO-Shenzhen Environment Technology Promotion
    Centre (Shenzhen, China)
  • International Centre for Materials Technology
    Promotion (ICM, Beijing, China) the project
    started in June 2002
  • Russia-Brazil Centre for Technological
    Cooperation

27
INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY CENTRES (continued)
  • International/National Technology Centres
  • Cooperating with UNIDO
  • International Centre for Genetic Engineering and
    Biotechnology (ICGEB, Trieste, Italy and New
    Delhi, India)
  • International Centre for Scientific and Technical
    Information (ICSTI, Moscow, Russia, 18 member
    countries)
  • International Technology Centre (InterTec),
    Vienna, Austria (around 1.000 technologies from
    Russia)
  • National Technology Transfer Centre (Minsk,
    Belarus)
  • Technology Transfer Centre (Kiev, Ukraine)
  • Other RD institutes, technology centres and
    universities networked with UNIDO International
    Technology Centres

28
National Technology Centre (model)
Think Tank
Beneficiaries
NTC
Products
Technology Foresight
Government
Awareness on Trends
Publications
Tools
Industry
Advisory Committee
RD Institutes Universities Acad.of
Sciences Consulting comp. Funding Agencies
Technology Services
EGM
Acquisition
Workshops
Transfer
R D
Assessment
Marketing
Sourcing
Awareness
Monitoring
29
TECHNOLOGY RELATED TOOLS AND METHODOLOGIES
  • Technology Needs Assessment Manual and reporting
    software system
  • UNIDO Manual on Technology Transfer Negotiation
    and Training Kit
  • Training Package on Technology Management
  • Guidelines on Business Alliances
  • Guide on Joint Ventures
  • UNIDO BOT Guidelines
  • UNIDOs Subcontracting System

30
INVESTMENT AND TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION OFFICES
NETWORK
  • Investment and Technology Promotion Offices
    (ITPO)
  • Bahrain
  • Italy (Bologna and Milan)
  • Belgium (Walloon region)
  • Brazil (Pernambuco)
  • China
  • France
  • Greece
  • Japan
  • Poland
  • Republic of Korea
  • Russian Federation

Investment Promotion Units (IPU) Egypt Jordan U
ganda Tunisia Morocco Investment and technology
promotion focal office in the UK - North-West
Development Agency (NWDA) and NIMTECH
31
INVESTMENT AND TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION
OFFICES (ITPO)
Services
  • Information fast lane
  • Partnership promotion
  • Investment/technology promotion delegate
    programme
  • Business negotiations

32
INVESTMENT AND TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION DIFFERENCES
AND COMPLEMENTARITIES
33
Interlinks Between Technology, Investment and
Trade in the Production System
Trade
Technology upgrading, transfer acquisition.
Value- Added Competitive Products
Investment, technology transfer
Technology assessment. Business partnership
strategy.
Manufacturing
Promotion
Business Development
Technology monitoring, sourcing
brokering. Market partnership development.
Investment
Technology
Industrial RD
Awareness technology trends.
Investment trends
Marketing, RD Business Strategy
ITCs
ITPOs
Government Policy, Strategy
34
Investment and Technology Promotion Network
(Locations)
ITCs
ITPOs
35
  • THANK YOU

36
For more information about technology centres,
please contact
  • Vladimir Kozharnovich
  • Programme Manager
  • Industrial Promotion and Technology Branch
  • Programme Development and Technical Cooperation
    Division
  • UNIDO, P. O. Box 300
  • A-1400 Vienna, AUSTRIA
  • Phone (43-1) 26026-3720/3702
  • Fax (43-1) 26026-6870
  • E-mail V.Kozharnovich_at_unido.org
  • Web-site http//www.unido.org
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