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MORAL VACUUMS and ETHICAL FITNESS

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Title: MORAL VACUUMS and ETHICAL FITNESS


1
MORAL VACUUMS andETHICAL FITNESS
  • EPFP
  • Presentation
  • January 28, 2002

2
Critical World Changes
  •    Power to create change is a global possession
  • White nations bordering Atlantic no longer
    dominate world economies, political and military
    affairs
  • Asia, Africa, Middle East and others now have
    the power to alter the course of the world
  •  
  •     

3
Critical World Changes
  •     Technology and science redefining reality
  • Scientific knowledge is doubling at a rapid rate
  • Causing a redefinition of core truthswhat is
    life and what is death
  • Natural boundaries (mountains, oceans, desserts,
    etc.) no longer serve to isolate peoples from
    one another
  • Within seconds, people can see what is occurring
    half a world away and then be there in hours
  •  
  •     

4
Critical World Changes
  •    Worldwide system of research, finance,
    production and trade
  •  
  • Change from local or national companies to
    global corporations
  • Technology can link global locations together
    in seconds
  •        
  •  

5
Critical World Changes
  •    Population growth
  • 18 of all people living in the last 2000 years
  • are living today
  • No longer is the concern to protect humans from
    the environment but protecting the environment
    from human excess
  • Management of cities more difficult that of many
    countries

6
Critical World Changes
  •    Changing role of western women
  • Women moving into leadership positions in
    corporations and government
  • Causing a change in corporate cultures from
    male vertical step by step thinking to more
    female thinking of care and relationship
  •  

7
Impact of Changes
  • Psychological and Spiritual Change
  • Struggle with the psychological concept of now
    being a member of a global community and no
    longer a member of a homogenous group
  • Collapse of long held foundation beliefs of what
    is reality and truth
  • Turning to religion, cults, ethic and separatist
    groups for true answers

8
Impact of Changes
  • Countries Redefining Nationalism
  • Populations of countries are diverse with ever
    increasing numbers of cultures, religions, and
    ethic backgrounds as people move and resettle

9
Impact of Changes
  • Worldwide Reach of Single Decisions
  • A single act or decision can have immediate
    and far reaching implications involving millions
    of people, countries, and ecosystems

10
Impact of Changes
  • Imbalance between Information Rich and
    Information Poor
  • The division between wealthy technology rich
    countries and technology poor countries is
    growing
  • The division between wealthy technology rich
    and technology poor individuals within
    countries is also growing

11
Unethical Decisions
Recent Right versus Wrong Decisions
12
  • 100 years ago an unethical decision by one
    individual had limited power and reach in
    affecting numbers of people and ecosystems.
  • Given todays world, an individual or handful of
    individuals making an immoral or unethical
    decision can have far reaching and devastating
    effects for the world

13
1984 - Union Carbide Bhopal, India
  • Pesticide plant gas leak that killed 3,800
    people, permanently disabled 2,720 and injured
    over 200,000 more
  • Union Carbide curtailed plant maintenance as a
    cost cutting measureAll safety systems off line
  • Broken Refrigeration Unit hadnt been repaired
  • Alarm Systems not set properlyso no warning
  • Flare Tower to burn vapors not working
  • Scrubber to neutralize vapors not activated
  • No Union Carbide plan to notify and evacuate
    population in India even though the plant had 6
    prior leaks and warning on sister plant in US
    (which had 28 leaks) was never send to India
  • Plant abandoned Company refused to clean up
    extensive water and soil pollution / Paid 490
    Million to date in civil settlements

14
1986 - Challenger Explosion
  •     Political Pressure to Launch
  •          Presidents State of the Union
  •    Vice President to view launch
  • Congress concerned that promise of frequent
    launches was not being
    met      
  •   European vehicle threatened to replace
    the shuttle
  •          Management focused on proving action was
    unsafe vs. safe
  •      Problems contained and resolved
    internally by management/ not forwarded to
    others needing to know
  •      Overrode engineers opposition to the
    launch- belief that cold temperature and ice
    were not safe

15
1986 - Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster
  • Flawed reactor design operated by
    inadequately trained personnel
  • Engineers disregarded safety, ran own test
    taking the core to melt down
  • 30 deaths / 34 cases of radiation poisoning
    / 200,000 people exposed to large doses of
    radiation- Incidents of thyroid cancer and
    leukemia expected to increase
  • 300,000 people resettled
  •         
  •   Belarus, Ukraine, Russia, and beyond
    contaminated

16
1989 - Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
  • Single hulled ship with Captain who had
    been drinking
  •         
  • 11,000,000 gallons of crude oil spilled /
    only 14 recovered rest continues to damage
    ecosystem
  • Millions in fines assessed, Exxon has
    paid very little as they appeal each decision
  • Valdez still at sea carrying oil, barred
    from Alaskan waters
  • Captain is now a maritime insurance
    adjustor

17
1995 - Collapse of Englands Barings Bank
  • 28 year old trader made 10 of Barings
    total 1993 profit under a system of huge
    financial rewards
  • Huge 1994 losses -- concealed in 2
    accounts by trader
  • Requested more bank funds to trade,
    hoping recover -- greater losses occurred
  • 1995-Losses discovered causing
    Englands oldest bank to collapse
  • Trader now on the speaker circuit and a
    movie about him has been made The Rogue
    Trader

18
1998 --- 14 Billion Moral Collapse of Cendant
  • Merger of CUC International and Hospitality
    Franchise Systems (Ramada, Holiday Inn,
    Days Inn, Super 8 Motels, Century 21, Coldwell
    Banker, Travelodge) created Cendant
  • 6 months after the merger
  •         500 million in accounting deception
  •       200 million in accounting errors
  •         61 of CUCs income was nonexistent

19
Other 1999 and 2000 Happenings
  • Florida Governors wife returning from Paris
    fails to declare 19,000 in clothing and jewelry
  •  Claims she did it to prevent husband from
    knowing how much she spent
  • Reporters admit bias
  • Reporters admit to biasing coverage to protect
    their corporate interests, according to new
    survey

20
2001 Happenings
  • Three Scientists Vow to Continue Efforts to
    Clone Humans
  •    Failure rates, ethical stigma, criticism
    from colleagues fail to dissuade them
  •  
  • Selected Michigan Schools Accused of Testing
    Irregularities on the MEAP Test
  •  
  • Tyson Foods Indicted on Charges of Smuggling
    Illegal Workers
  •      Tyson recruited and smuggled illegal
    workers, providing them with fake ID papers,
    government charges
  • Love Bug Virus Crashes Computer Systems Around
    The World
  •  
  •  

21
Ethics Defined
  • Drawn from the traditions of moral philosophy
  • Is a standard of conduct
  • Goes beyond self interests
  • Goes beyond personal points of views
  • Based on principals that rest on a foundation of
    core values
  • Based on knowing right from wrong and what is
    right
  • Entails action

Source Kidder, How Good People Make Tough
Choices
22
Core Values
  • Love (Compassion
  • Truth
  • Freedom
  • Fairness
  • Unity (Valuing Diversity)
  • Tolerance
  • Responsibility Accountability
  • Respect for Life (Includes Environment)

Source globalethics.com
23
Importance of Ethics(Why Ethics are Needed)
  • Business Evidence of Right vs. Wrong
    Decisions
  • Technology Moving Faster Than Ethics
  • Smart people working in large systems making
    amoral decisions. (Kidder)
  • Education Incidences of Cheating
  • Not Knowing How to Lose
  • Violence/Values/Ethics

24
OUR HOPE FOR THE FUTURE
  • 1998 Random Survey of 10,069 U.S. Middle
    School Students and 10,760 U.S. High School
    Students 
  •          Found that 70 of the High School
    Students admitted to cheating on an exam in the
    last 12 months
  • 1998 Survey of 953 U.S. Parents indicated
    they believe their teenagers lie to them 
  • A lot 7
  • Some of the time 47 Hardly Ever 40
  • Never 6
  • Dont Know 1

25
Self Interest vs. Universal Good
  • There appears to be a breakdown in understanding
    the difference between
  • This is right to do.
  • And
  • I have a right to do this.

26
Do Todays and Future Leaders
  • Have Ethical Commitment?
  • Have Ethical Consciousness?
  • Have Ethical Competency?

Source Josephson.institute.com
27
Right vs. Right Paradigm
  • Truth vs. Loyalty
  • ex. Lying for a friend
  • Individual vs. Community
  • Short-term vs. Long-term
  • Justice vs. Mercy

Source Kidder, How Good People Make Tough
Choices
28
Right vs. Right Decision Rules
  • Ends-Based
  • Greatest good for the greatest number
  • Ex. Cost benefit outlook, need to know future
  • Rule-Based
  • If everybody did this.
  • Ex. I should only do what I would want everyone
    else in the world to do if faced with the same
    situation.
  • Care-Based
  • Put yourself in the other persons position.
  • Ex. A universal principal across all religions

Source Kidder, How Good People Make Tough
Choices
29
          In times of change it is the learners
who will inherit the earth while the learned will
find themselves beautifully equipped for a
world that no longer exists.   --Author Unknown
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