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The Ethics of Human Cloning

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... the other hand, human cloning duplicates the entire genome ... Human cloning undermines the structure of the family by making identities and lineages unclear. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Ethics of Human Cloning


1
The Ethics of Human Cloning
  • Coleen Martin and Lisa Melton

2
What is Human Cloning?
  • Human Cloning- A clone is a group of cells or
    an individual organism or group of organisms
    derived from a single cell. Thus a bacterial
    colony is a clone, as are identical twin human
    beings. ( This definition came from Molecular
    Biology and Biotechnology by Smith and Wood.)
  • Laymans terms- taking the nucleus from an
    individual to make an identical twin.

3
The Arguments For and Against Human Cloning
Arguments Against Cloning
Arguments For Cloning
Cloning technology hasnt been tested on
humans. What about mutations and biological
damage?
Very little testing has been done, and the only
testing thus far has been on animals. No
concrete information about the risk of mutations
and biological damage.
4
Arguments Against Cloning
Arguments For Cloning
The child would be compared to the adult from
whom he was cloned. There would be unfair
expectations for the clone to perform at the same
(or even higher level) of the person they are
cloned from.The childs sense of worth or
individuality would be difficult to sustain.
This happens now with fundamentalist parents who
isolate their children from the modern world.
Some twin mothers already suppress individuality
by dressing twins alike. No ones life is
without burdens.
5
Arguments Against Cloning
Arguments For Cloning
Human cloning undermines the structure of the
family by making identities and lineages unclear.
Is a thirty-five year old really a sister to a
newborn clone? Who has responsibility for the
child?
The genetic view is that the clone is a sibling
of the thirty-five year old.
6
Arguments For Cloning
Arguments Against Cloning
People who clone themselves are narcissists.
Children are engineered to meet certain
specifications.
Cloning could be used for lifesaving purposes.
For example, cloning could be used so that a
dying child could get the necessary bone marrow
transplant needed for survival.
7
Something Else to Consider
  • Gene Transplantation Technology- the goal is to
    produce a child that has certain traits. This
    involves taking select genes from a nucleus to
    produce desired traits.
  • On the other hand, human cloning duplicates the
    entire genome with all its imperfections.

8
We dont interfere with peoples freedom to
create and acquire children now (as long as it
is legal).
  • Is human cloning any
  • different?

9
What do YOU think???
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