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Major Battles of the Civil War:

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This was the first major land battle of the Civil War ... young volunteers in colorful new uniforms, gathered together from every part of the country. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Major Battles of the Civil War:


1
Major Battles of the Civil War
  • Manassas, Virginia Bull Run

2
Manassas Junction, Va.
  • This was the first major land battle of the Civil
    War
  • Around Union 28,500 troops are going to battle
    32,000 Confederate troops for control of an
    important rail road junction in Northern
    Virginia.
  • Many people from both sides thought this battle
    would determine the outcome of the war.

3
Bull Run Creek
4
Nice Day for a Picnic?
  • People, including Senators from Washington D.C.
    came to the area to relax, watch the fight, and
    picnic.
  • What they saw caused them to panic and scramble
    home in a disorganized chaos.

5
Where is Bull Run Located
6
How were they organized?
  • With all of the thousands of soldiers fighting
    how were they organized?
  • Company 100 soldiers
  • Regiment 10 Companies
  • Brigade 5 Regiments
  • Division 2 or 3 Brigades
  • Corps 2 or 3 Divisions

7
A Short War?
  • On a warm July day in 1861, two armies of a
    divided nation clashed for the first time on the
    fields overlooking Bull Run. Their ranks were
    filled with enthusiastic young volunteers in
    colorful new uniforms, gathered together from
    every part of the country. Confident that their
    foes would run at the first shot, the raw
    recruits were thankful that they would not miss
    the only battle of what surely would be a short
    war. But any thought of colorful pageantry was
    suddenly lost in the smoke, din, dirt, and death
    of battle. Soldiers on both sides were stunned by
    the violence and destruction they encountered. At
    day's end nearly 900 young men lay lifeless on
    the fields. Ten hours of heavy fighting swept
    away any notion the war's outcome would be
    decided quickly.

8
Union Takes the Advantage
  • Early on in the battle it seemed as if the Union
    would win in rather easy fashion.

9
Thomas Stonewall Jackson
  • Look, there is Jackson standing like a stone
    wall!, Rally around the Virginians boys.
    General Bernard Bee N.C.

10
Desperate Fighting
  • In just five minutes of fighting the 5th New
    York Regiment lost 123 men.

11
The Confederates force the Union Army to Retreat.
12
Casualties
  • The 4,700 casualties would seem like a lot at the
    time, however in this war, many thousands would
    follow.

13
Change in Leadership
  • McDowell was relieved of command of the Union
    army and replaced by Maj. Gen. George B.
    McClellan, who set about reorganizing and
    training the troops.

14
Results
  • Confederate Victory
  • This battle convinced both sides that the war
    would be a long and costly affair.
  • Manassas National Battlefield Park Home Page
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