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Germany

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German traditions. Although Christmas is celebrated in many countries, it was Germany who started the tradition of putting up a Christmas tree! ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Germany


1
Germany By Ashley Hess Kennedy Elem. 5th Grade
2
The German Landscape
  • Located in Central Europe.
  • Measures 137,846 sq. mi.
  • Surrounded by nine countries.
  • 16 states called Länder.

3
The Coast Islands
Northern Germany is bordered to the north by the
Jutland Peninsula. This is Germanys only
seacoast. It is over 1,400 miles long.
Germany also has islands surrounding the
Jutland Peninsula. One of these islands is
Rügen Island. This island is recognized for its
natural chalk formation. Top Photo Jutland
Peninsula Bottom Photo Rügen Island
4
Northern Germany Lowlands
Due to its low elevation, much of Northern
Germany is wetlands. When the tide rises, this
land becomes covered with water. Elevations
vary from below sea level to 656 feet. Glaciers
created many small rivers and marches in this
region.
5
Central Upland Region
  • Includes hills, plains, and rough terrain.
  • The Rhine River creates deep indentations
    throughout the region.
  • Averages over 3,000 feet in elevation.
  • The highest point is the Harz Mountains.
  • Mt. Brocken is 3,747 feet.

The Rhine River in Germany.
6
Southern Germany
  • Divides the Central Uplands from the Alps.
  • Rough but colorful region filled with high
    valleys, hills, lakes, and forests.
  • The Winter Games of 1936 were held in the
    Bavarian Alps of Germany.

7
History of germany
  • In 500 BC, settlers from Italy began to settle in
    Germany.
  • In later centuries, they were called Germanic
    Tribes.
  • The region became known as Germania.
  • Julius Caesar avoided Germania because he
    believed mythical creatures lived in the dark
    forests.

8
History of Germany
  • By 700 AD, Latin became the predominant language
    of Europe.
  • The term deutsch was created to identify
    languages other than Latin.
  • Germany became known as Deutschland.

9
History of germany
  • In 794 AD, a man named Charlemagne began
    spreading Christianity throughout Germany.
  • By 800 AD, Charlemagne was named Pope, the head
    of the Catholic Church.
  • Charlemagnes empire became known as the Holy
    Roman Empire.

10
History of germany
  • In the 16th century, some territories of the Holy
    Roman Empire began to revolt.
  • This revolution was lead by Martin Luther, a
    German Priest.
  • Luther believed that following the Pope was not
    the only way to become a Christian.
  • His followers became known as Protestants.
  • Lutheran churches today follow his practices.

11
German Arts
  • From 1600-1800, Germany was the center of the
    Baroque art movement.
  • Baroque art was very lively and expressive.
  • The Zwinger Palace, pictured here in Dresden, is
    an example of Baroque art.

12
German Traditions
  • Did you know celebrating birthdays came from
    Germany over 800 years ago?
  • Germans called this holiday Kinderfest.
  • The celebrations started early in the morning
    with cake and presents.
  • Germans also started the tradition of blowing out
    birthday candles while making a wish!

13
German traditions
  • Although Christmas is celebrated in many
    countries, it was Germany who started the
    tradition of putting up a Christmas tree!
  • Trees were decorated with such things as
  • Flowers
  • Apples
  • Cookies
  • Sugar

14
German Music
  • Johann Sebastian Bach is a well-known Baroque
    Composer.
  • Bach was born in Eisenach in 1685.
  • One of his most popular pieces is the Saint
    Matthew Passion.
  • One century later, Ludwig van Beethoven became
    another well-known composer.
  • At the age of twenty-two, Beethoven began to lose
    his hearing.
  • Beethoven is best known for his nine symphonies.
  • These symphonies are the central core to most
    operas today.
  • YouTube - Karajan - Beethoven Symphony No. 5 -
    Part 1

15
German Inventions
  • Can anyone tell me what this photo is?
  • A This is a printing press. It was created by
    Johannes Gutenberg over 500 years ago!

16
German Inventions
  • Another early invention from Germany is the alarm
    clock!
  • Who wants to estimate what year the alarm clock
    was invented?
  • A Over 400 years ago!

17
German Inventions
F
100
  • Gabriel Fahrenheit invented the Fahrenheit scale
    over 300 years ago!
  • German scientist Wilhelm Rötgen invented the
    X-ray machine about 100 years ago!
  • Other inventions from Germany include
  • Aspirin
  • Whistling Tea Kettle
  • Automobile
  • Motorcycle
  • Highways (The Autobahn in 1921)

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18
The Atomic Bomb
Q Who created the Atomic Bomb? A Albert
Einstein, a German Physicist
Q Does anyone know why the United States, and
not Germany, is known for using the first atomic
bomb? A In 1934, the Nazis broke into
Einsteins home and took all of his property.
Einstein later moved to the United States and it
was in the United States that he finished his
research on the atomic bomb.
19
Math Facts
Math Facts

In January, the average temperature in the German
mountains is 21F. The average temperature in
the lowlands is 35F. How many degrees
difference is there between the mountains and the
lowlands? Answer 14F The average yearly
rainfall in the northern lowlands is 24 inches.
The average yearly rainfall in the Bavarian Alps
is 80 inches. How many more inches of rain does
the Bavarian Alps receive? Answer 56
Inches About how many inches of rain does the
Bavarian Alps receive each month? Answer About
6.6 Inches
20
Math Facts
  • Germanys highest elevation point, Zugspitze, is
    9,721 feet. Germanys lowest elevation, Freepsum
    Lake, is 6.5 feet below sea level. How many feet
    lower is Freepsum Lake?
  • Answer 9,727.5 Feet

21
Sources
  • Blashfield, Jean F. Enchantment of the World
    Germany. Scholastic, Inc. New York, 203.
  • Davis, Kevin. Look What Came From Germany!
    Grolier Publishing, New York, 1999.
  • http//t-cher.seesaa.net/article/9826521.html
  • http//www.bork.hampshire.edu
  • http//www.flickr.com
  • http//www.jan-christoph.net
  • http//www.lib.nmsu.edu
  • http//www.mercantila.com
  • http//www.photoatlas.com

22
Rubric Information
  • Audience 5th Grade Students
  • Objectives Students gain an overall knowledge
    and understanding of Germany.
  • Assessment Observation and students
    recollection of facts presented in presentation.
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