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Eating Disorders


Celebrities battling the disease. Anorexia Nervosa. Reflection Questions. Do you compare yourself to ... Celebrities battling Bulimia. Reflection Questions ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Eating Disorders

Eating Disorders…
  • A Hard Habit to Break!

What is Anorexia Nervosa?
  • Anorexia nervosa, in the most simple terms, is
  • Anorexics feel there is a serious disturbance in
    the way they feel about food, weight, and body
  • Anorexics are also often characterized as
    stubborn, vain, appearance-obsessed people who
    simply do not know when to stop dieting.

How do Anorexics see life?
  • Food and eating dominate the life of a person
    with anorexia nervosa.
  • Body weight and shape become the main or even
    sole measures of self-worth.
  • Maintaining an extremely low weight becomes
    equated with beauty, success, self-esteem, and
    self-control and is not seen as a problem.
  • People with an eating disorder think about food,
    weight, and body image constantly.

What causes Anorexia Nervosa?
  • Cultural pressures
  • Psychological issues
  • Family environment
  • Genetic factors
  • Life transitions
  • Perpetuating factors

Cultural Pressures
  • In many societies, being extremely thin is the
    standard of beauty for women and represents
    success, happiness, and self-control.
  • Women are bombarded with messages from the media
    that they must diet to meet this standard.
    However, this idealized ultra-thin body shape is
    almost impossible for most women to achieve since
    it does not fit with the biological and inherited
    factors that determine natural body weight.

Psychological Issues
  • Psychological characteristics that can make a
    person more likely to develop anorexia nervosa
  • Low self-esteem
  • Feelings of ineffectiveness
  • Poor body image
  • Depression
  • Difficulty expressing feelings
  • Rigid thinking patterns
  • Need for control
  • Perfectionism
  • Physical or sexual abuse

Family Environment
  • Some family styles may contribute to the
    development of anorexia nervosa. Families of
    people with the disorder are more likely to be
  • Overprotective
  • Rigid
  • Suffocating in their closeness
  • In these cases, anorexia nervosa develops as
    a struggle for independence and individuality. It
    is likely to surface in adolescence when new
    demands for independence occur.
  • Overvaluing appearance and thinness
  • Criticizing a child's weight or shape
  • Being physically or sexually abusive

Genetic Factors
  • Anorexia nervosa occurs eight times more often in
    people who have relatives with the disorder.
    However, experts do not know exactly what the
    inherited factor may be.
  • In addition, anorexia nervosa occurs more often
    in families with a history of depression or
    alcohol abuse.

Life Transitions
  • Life transitions can often trigger anorexia
    nervosa in someone who is already vulnerable
    because of the factors described above. Examples
  • Beginning of adolescence
  • Beginning or failing in school or at work
  • Breakup of a relationship
  • Death of a loved one
  • Dieting and losing weight can also set off
    anorexia nervosa

Perpetuating Factors
  • Once anorexia nervosa has developed, several
    factors can perpetuate the disorder. These
    factors include
  • Symptoms of starvation
  • Other people's reactions to the weight loss
  • Emotional needs filled by feelings of
    self-control, virtue, and power from controlling
    one's weight
  • The resulting cycle makes it more difficult to
    stop the disorder and become healthy again.

The resulting cycle makes it more difficult to
stop the disorder and become healthy again.
What Medical Problems Can Anorexia Nervosa Cause?
  • Problems associated in weight loss include
    lowering of
  • Heart rate
  • Blood pressure
  • Breathing rate
  • Body temperature (which may result in feeling
  • Other Physical problems include
  • Thinning or drying of the hair Lanugo" hair (a
    fine hair that develops on the face, back, or
    arms and legs)
  • Dry skin
  • Restlessness and reduced sleep
  • Yellowish color on the palms of the hands and
    soles of the feet
  • Lack of or infrequent menstrual periods
  • Death!

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Facts about Anorexia Nervosa
  • About 90 to 95 are females between ages 13 and
    30. However, anorexia nervosa can also occur in
    males and people of all ages.
  • Although anorexia nervosa is most common in the
    white upper and middle class, it occurs in people
    of all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic

Anorexia Facts Cont…
  • People in certain occupations that emphasize
    leanness to improve performance and appearance
    are at increased risk for developing anorexia
    nervosa. These include dancers, gymnasts, figure
    skaters, runners, wrestlers, cheerleaders,
    sorority girls, and models.

Celebrities battling the disease Anorexia Nervosa
Reflection Questions
  • Do you compare yourself to magazines,
    celebrities, actors, or models?
  • When you do, do you think about it all day?
  • Do you think the media plays a huge part in the
    role of eating disorders today? Why?
  • Do you think someone can cure themselves from
    Anorexia or Bulimia?
  • What do you think can be done to help with the
    increase in eating disorders?

Bulimia Nervosa
  • Bulimia is characterized by episodes of
    binge-eating followed by inappropriate methods of
    weight control (purging). Inappropriate methods
    of weight control include vomiting, fasting,
    enemas, excessive use of laxatives and diuretics,
    or compulsive exercising.
  • A binge is an episode where an individual eats a
    much larger amount of food than most people would
    in a similar situation.
  • Binge eating is not a response to intense hunger.
    It is usually a response to depression, stress,
    or self esteem issues.
  • During the binge episode, the individual
    experiences a loss of control.

What Causes Bulimia?
  • Biology
  • Culture
  • Personal feelings
  • Stressful events or life changes
  • Families

  • There are studies being done to look at many
    genes, hormones, and chemicals in the brain that
    may have an effect on the development of, and
    recovery from, bulimia.

Personal feelings
  • Things like starting a new school or job, being
    teased, or traumatic events like rape can lead to
    the onset of bulimia.

  • Some cultures in the U.S. have an ideal of
    extreme thinness. Women may define themselves on
    how beautiful they are.

  • The attitude of parents about appearance and diet
    affects their kids. Also, a person is more likely
    to develop bulimia if a mother or sister has it

What are signs of bulimia?
  • People with bulimia may be underweight,
    overweight, or have a normal weight. This makes
    it harder to know if someone has this disorder.
    However, someone with bulimia may have these

Uses extreme measures to lose weight
  • uses diet pills, or takes pills to urinate or
    have a bowel movement (BM)
  • goes to the bathroom all the time after she eats
    (to throw up)
  • exercises a lot, even during bad weather,
    tiredness, sickness, or injury

Shows signs of throwing up
  • swelling of the cheeks or jaw area
  • cuts and calluses on the back of the hands and
  • teeth that look clear

What are the symptoms of Bulimia?
  • Eating uncontrollably, purging, strict dieting,
    fasting, vigorous exercise Vomiting or abusing
    laxatives or diuretics in an attempt to lose
    weight Vomiting blood Using the bathroom
    frequently after meals Preoccupation with body
    weight Depression or mood swings Feeling out
    of control Swollen glands in neck and face
    Heartburn, bloating, indigestion, constipation
    Irregular periods Dental problems Sore
    throat Weakness, exhaustion Bloodshot eyes

What happens to someone who has bulimia?
Celebrities battling Bulimia
Reflection Questions
  • What would you do if you knew someone with an
    eating disorder?
  • Can one friend pass the disease to another
  • Do you think it is easy to cure an eating