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Reproductive Ethics: Choices

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Often due to IVF where multiple embryos where implanted to overcome ... Octuplets were born in 1998 in Houston. ( 7 survivors) 5/8/97 Sextuplets born in DC. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reproductive Ethics: Choices


1
Reproductive Ethics Choices
  • 3/17/04

2
Schedule
  • High Order Multiples
  • Choosing Procedures
  • Ethical Issues in Reproduction

3
High Order Multiples
  • Often due to IVF where multiple embryos where
    implanted to overcome the risk of rejection.
  • Health risks are similar to those of crack
    babies.

4
High Order Multiples
  • High profile case is the McCaughey septuplets
    (born 11/19/97), which was due to taking
    Metrodin.
  • Lists of high order multiples at
    http//mypage.direct.ca/c/csamson/multiples/sextup
    lets.html

5
High Order Births
  • Spontaneous abortions, premature births,
    critically low birth weights, months-long
    hospital stays, chronic development delays,
    cerebral palsy, blindness, death these are the
    frequent outcomes in pregnancies involving at
    least triplets. (Finkle A22)

6
High Order Births
  • Reduce the number of fetuses to two and the
    odds for success increase substantially.
    (Finkel A22)
  • You spent thousands of dollars to be able to
    conceive, and now the doctors ask if you want to
    perform selective reduction (abortion).

7
Selective Reduction in High Order Births
  • You know how much these people invest not just
    financially, but emotionally. And then you
    wonder Why cant they have come to the decision
    that made sense medically? Not morally.
    Medically. (Finkel A23)

8
Selective Reduction in High Order Births
  • Why?
  • Why not?
  • When are you not playing God?

9
Blamed vs. Celebrated
  • What is the difference?
  • Why the difference?

10
Why McCaughey?
  • Another set of septuplets was born in 1998 in
    Saudi Arabia.
  • A third set was born in 2001 in Washington DC.
  • Octuplets were born in 1998 in Houston. (7
    survivors)
  • 5/8/97 Sextuplets born in DC. Little press. 5
    survivors. First African-American Sextuplets.

11
Other Procedures
  • Why choose one procedure over another?
  • What information should potential parents receive
    to be informed consenters?

12
Ethical Issues in Reproduction
  • Who has rights?
  • Do people beyond the parents and potential
    children have rights?
  • What rights?
  • What are the basis for those rights?
  • Do these rights carry obligations toward others?

13
More General Reproduction Discussion
14
Next Time
  • Veatch 150 158, 162 163
  • Hopkins, Patrick. Bad Copies How Popular Media
    Represent Cloning as an Ethical Problem.
    (Progdata)
  • Shreeve, James. Secrets of the Gene
  • Weiss, Rick. Fertility Experiments Mix Genes of
    2 Women (Progdata)
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