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Ancient Egypt

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leader of Ancient Egypt. Delegated many responsibilities to bureaucracy. The Pyramids ... Ancient Egypt. The Middle and New Kingdoms. Decline and Chaos ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Egypt


1
Ancient Egypt
2
Egypt The Nile
  • Originally called Kemet, after the black soil
    that was located there.
  • Later named Egypt by Greeks

3
Nile Valley
  • Nile Stretches 4,160 miles (worlds longest
    river).
  • Begins in a mountainous region and flows downhill
    towards Mediterranean Sea
  • Before emptying, marshy Nile Delta begins.
  • In springtime the Nile floods deposits fertile
    silt.

4
Early Peoples
  • As early as 5000 years ago man began to settle in
    the Nile valley.
  • Leaders united these early peoples into kingdoms.
  • By 4000 BCE two main kingdoms dominated.
  • Upper- southern Egypt
  • Lower- northern Egypt

5
Narmer (Menes)
  • Around 3000 BCE, the king of upper Egypt heads
    north to conquer lower Egypt.
  • Capital City of Memphis.
  • First Dynasty in Egyptian history.

6
The Old Kingdom
  • 2700-2200 BCE
  • Governed by a theocracy government religion
    ruled by same group or person.
  • Pharaoh religious and govt. leader of Ancient
    Egypt.
  • Delegated many responsibilities to bureaucracy.

7
The Pyramids
  • Step Pyramid built for king Djoser (zoser). A
    collection of Mastabahs
  • Later Egyptians built 3 pyramids at Giza (largest
    is the Great Pyramid, 481 feet high).
  • Pyramids served as tombs for Pharaohs

8
Ancient Egypt
  • The Middle and New Kingdoms

9
Decline and Chaos
  • Around 2200 BCE The kings of Memphis begin to
    lose power.
  • Violence and upheaval plagued the dynasties of
    the Old Kingdom
  • Around 2050 the capital is moved to Thebes and a
    new dynasty begins.

10
The Theban Kings
  • Power matches that of Memphis and the Old Kingdom
  • Supported new projects
  • Built Canals
  • Irrigation Ditches
  • Traded with other nations
  • Arabian Peninsula
  • African Nations

11
Hyksos Rule
  • 1700BCE Local leaders began to challenge the rule
    of the Thebans
  • Hyksos, a people from western Asia swept into
    Egypt
  • Bronze Weapons
  • Horse Drawn Chariots
  • Hyksos rule Egypt for 110 years

12
The Fall of the Hyksos
  • Egyptians gained the skills of the Hyksos and
    turned against them.
  • Khamose Ahmose

13
The New Kingdom
14
Rule of Ahmose
  • 1600BCE Ahmose gathers forces and drives out the
    Hyksos
  • This Begins the New Kingdom
  • Extends empire to the East and North

15
Rebuilding Egypt
  • First Ahmose then Hatshepsut are dedicated to
    restoring the glory of Egypt.
  • 1480 Hatshepsut comes to power, rules over Egypt
    as Pharaoh (film info)
  • Builds up city of Thebes. With obelisks and
    statues

16
Thutmose III
  • Takes Control and continues to gain territory for
    Egypt
  • Battle of Megiddo is a success
  • Erases Hatshepsut from records

17
Amenhotep IV
  • He and his wife Nefertiti founds new religion
    based on single god. First Monotheists in world
    history!
  • Aton- The sun disk god
  • Amenhotep changes his name to Akhenaton (meaning
    spirit of Aton)
  • Moves capital out of Thebes to show break from
    the past

18
New Faith New Problems
  • Akhenaton concentrated on spreading new religion.
    Spent money and time on faith and neglected the
    state
  • As a result Egypt lost territory old priests
    became angry
  • When Akhenaton dies the old Polytheistic religion
    comes back

19
Back to Thebes
  • After Death of Akhenaton the priests force
    Tutankhamen to reinstate the Polytheistic
    Religion and Theban Capital city
  • New Dynasty is established after Tuts death.

20
Ramses II Decline
  • Rules Egypt for 67 years
  • Believed to be the Biblical Pharaoh that
    tormented Moses
  • After his death in 1237 Egypt begins a decline
  • In 945 Lybians and Kushites take control of Nile
    Valley

21
(No Transcript)
22
HOMEWORK (You have to take your textbook home)
  • Complete the following vocabulary words
  • Pharaoh
  • Giza
  • Dynasty
  • Polytheism
  • Irrigation
  • scribe
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