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FRBR Enhancing the Users Experience

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Title: FRBR Enhancing the Users Experience


1
FRBR Enhancing the Users Experience
  • Deb Bendig and
  • Dawn Hendricks
  • OCLC

2005 WiLS Fall Peer Council October 10, 2005
2
This morning
  • Quick general FRBR overview -Deb
  • FRBR Implementations -Deb
  • FRBR in FirstSearch WorldCat Dawn
  • FRBR in Open WorldCat - Deb
  • FRBR and Cataloging - Deb
  • Local catalogs and FRBR - Deb
  • 10 minute breaks on the hour, or close!

3
General FRBR Overview
  • Deb Bendig
  • Product Manager,
  • Discovery View of WorldCat
  • OCLC
  • dbendig_at_oclc.org

4
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5
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6
IFLAs Functional Requirements for Bibliograp
hic Records IFLA Study Group on the Functiona
l Requirements for Bibliographic Records, 1998.
http//www.ifla.org/VII/s13/frbr/frbr.pdf
7
Why FRBR?
  • What information is of the most value to users of
    the catalog?
  • How can that most valuable information be used
    more effectively?

8
What FRBR Is Isnt?
  • It isnt a standard
  • So, its not something to implement
  • Its a conceptual model
  • It helps us think about current standards and
    practices
  • Its a tool
  • It clarifies how catalogs should function

9
Four User Tasks
  • Find
  • Identify
  • Select
  • Obtain
  • And, maybe a fifth
  • Navigate

10
Group 1 Bibliographic Entities
  • Work
  • A distinct intellectual or artistic creation
  • Expression
  • The intellectual or artistic realization of a
    work
  • Manifestation
  • The physical embodiment of an expression of a
    work
  • Item
  • A single example of a manifestation

11
Work
is realized through
Expression

is embodied in
Manifestation
recursive
one
is exemplified by
many
Item
12
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13
Edna Ferbers Show Boat
14
Group 2 Responsible Entities
  • Person
  • Corporate Body
  • And perhaps a third
  • Family

15
Group 3 Subject Entities
  • Concept
  • Object
  • Event
  • Place
  • Plus the Group 1 and 2 Entities

16
Attributes
  • A set of characteristics that serve as the basis
    for formulating queries and interpreting
    responses
  • Can be either inherent or externally applied

17
FRBR is about relationships.
18
FRBR Implementations
19
OCLC Research work with FRBR
  • Analysis and dissemination
  • Developed and released an algorithm
  • Several research papers
  • OCLC Office of Research FRBR Web Site
  • http//www.oclc.org/research/projects/frbr/

20
OCLC uses of the FRBR algorithm
  • Our FRBRization has been done primarily at the
    work level
  • We have FRBRized OCLC WorldCat
  • 60,000,000 records
  • 1,000,000,000 holdings
  • Norwegian BIBSYS records
  • Finnish national bibliography
  • Electronic thesis metadata

21
OCLC Research work with FRBR
  • xISBN
  • FictionFinder

22
xISBN
Eucalyptus / Murray Bail 1998 Melbourne Text
Pub. ISBN 1875847634

- 1875847634 18
60464947 1860464955 sbn963859313x 2221087615
9532060065 9657120055isbn
Eucalyptus 1998 Melbourne Text Pub.
Eucalyptus 1998 London Harvill Press
Eucalyptus 1999 London Panther
Eukaliptusz 1999 Budapest Ulpius-ház
Hungarian Eucalyptus 1999 Paris R. Laffont
French Eukaliptus 1999 Zagreb Meandar Croa
tian Ek?alipt?us 2001 Tel Aviv Hargol Hebre
w
23
xISBN bookmarklet
Is the book at my library?
http//www.amazon.co.uk/exec/obidos/ASIN/074753274
5/qid1080593309/sr1-2/refsr_1_10_2/202-1831146-
0603065
24
OCLCs FictionFinder Prototype
  • Brings together expressions and manifestations of
    the same work for 2.3 million bibliographic
    records for fiction
  • The records are clustered at the work level using
    the OCLC FRBR Work-Set Algorithm
  • Expression-level grouping is by language
  • Exploits existing bibliographic, authority, and
    holdings information
  • Summaries, genre terms, and subject headings are
    featured in work/expression displays

25
OCLCs FictionFinder Prototype
http//fictionfinder.oclc.org/
26
OCLCs FictionFinder Prototype
27
RLGs RedLightGreen
  • Designed for fast undergraduate research
  • Limited searching options
  • FRBR-ish Merrilee Proffitt, RLG
  • http//www.redlightgreen.com

28
RLGs RedLightGreen
29
VTLS has implemented FRBR
  • Vinod Chachra, Chairman CEO, VTLS Inc. and John
    Espley, Director of Design, VTLS Inc
  • http//www.vtls.com/Corporate/FRBR.shtml
  • Virtua system
  • OPAC displays in tree model
  • Work, expression, and manifestation records
    created

30
Innovative Interfaces Inc. - coming
  • As per Claudia Conrad, IUG13, July 2005, III
    will
  • Use OCLCs FRBR Work-Set Algorithm as a starting
    point
  • Automatically build keys that define the group
    one entities appropriate to a bibliographic
    record
  • Web OPAC will provide FRBR access via keys
  • Millennium will automatically create keys in bib
    records
  • Future development may include a more complex
    linked records approach

31
Open WorldCat and FRBR
32
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33
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34
FRBR - Future Plans
35
Cataloging
36
Building a catalog
  • A corollary of Michael Gorman's principle that
    cataloguers describe the item in hand, it seems
    to me, is the principle that cataloguers are
    engaged in building catalogues, not just in
    creating individual bibliographic records.
  • - J. McRee Elrod, AUTOCAT LISTSERV, Tue, 8 Feb
    2005 062427

37
From Allyson Carlyle
  • What is being said is still speculative
  • The potential biggest differences in workflow
    would be in
  • identifying the work, expression, and
    manifestation entities explicitly instead of
    implicitly and, potentially,
  • making decisions about when to apply the use of
    the work expression entities when not (since
    there is much being said about partial
    implementation of FRBR in cases in which it is
    useful).

38
Resource Description and Access
  • To be published in 2008
  • Tom Delsey, General Editor
  • Concepts and terminology from Functional
    Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR)
    will be incorporated in the rules AACR3
    strategic plan
  • http//www.collectionscanada.ca/jsc/rda.html

39
How does FRBR fit in?
  • Increased emphasis on serving the needs of users
  • Incorporation of FRBR terminology
  • Return to principle-based rules
  • Increased consistency
  • Improved collocation
  • Explicit inclusion of authority control

40
Uniform Titles
  • Chapter 25 (Uniform Titles) will be revised to
    incorporate the concept of expression-level
    citations.

41
Mapping MARC 21 Linking Entry Fields
  • Taxonomies of bibliographic relationships have
    been proposed
  • PCC Standing Committee on Automation Task Group
    on Linking Entries
  • Pat Riva Article Mapping MARC 21 Linking Entry
    Fields to FRBR and Tilletts Taxonomy of
    Bibliographic Relationships, LRTS, 48 no2 Ap
    2004

42
Mapping ISBD Elements to FRBR Entity Attributes
and Relationships
  • http//www.ifla.org/VII/s13/pubs/ISBD-FRBR-mapping
    Final.pdf (2004-07-28)

43
Emerging FRBR models
  • Model A Bibliographic records for each FRBR
    level (work, expression, manifestation, item)
  • Model B Bibliographic and authority records
    created as now
  • Functional Analysis of the MARC 21Bibliographic
    and Holdings Formats
  • (http//www.loc.gov/marc/marc-functional-analysis/
    functional-analysis.html)

44
Some considerations
  • Legacy data may be the easy part. When you have
    something new, how to know at which level to
    catalog?
  • How will you know for sure which other
    manifestations/expressions should be linked to it
    when you only have the piece you have?
  • At what level should each piece of information
    should exist?

45
What about the costs?
  • Need to control cataloging costs?
  • Need to create more records?
  • The 80/20 (or 90/10) rule?

46
A goal for future cataloging
  • Work
  • Authorized forms of names
  • Subject headings
  • Classification numbers
  • Some notes
  • Expression
  • Info from Work record
  • Other subject headings
  • Notes, etc.
  • Expression
  • Info from Work record
  • Other subject headings
  • Notes, etc.
  • Manifestation
  • Info from Expression Record
  • Notes, etc.
  • Manifestation
  • Info from Expression Record
  • Notes, etc.
  • Item
  • Notes, etc.
  • Barcodes
  • Item
  • Notes, etc.
  • Barcodes
  • Item
  • Notes, etc.
  • Barcodes
  • Item
  • Notes, etc.
  • Barcodes

47
What can you do now?
  • Uniform titles are your friends use them!
  • Verify your headings in the Authority File
  • Take an extra few seconds to be sure that coding
    in MARC records is correct
  • Ask your local systems vendor about their plans
    for FRBR
  • Learn FRBR terms and concepts

48
FRBRWhat it will mean for local
catalogs?Your users will experience more
efficient access to the material they need
49
The OPAC experience
50
Main barriers to use of material
  • Availability
  • Language of item
  • Technical format of item
  • Equipment required to read/hear/see

51
FRBR and Local Catalogs the industry to do
list
  • Decide where work info resides authority record
    or bibliographic record
  • How to share records/record sets
  • Create separate records for work, expression,
    manifestation, or build down?
  • How to navigate among levels
  • How to respond to request for material
    format/language?

52
One key question on-the-fly, or store work
records?
  • If fixed view of catalog, pre-coordinate (except
    results to match the search?)
  • If view varies, hybrid approach (e.g.,
    pre-coordinate then choose records that fit the
    search)
  • Issue what are you showing users as results if
    they search more than work attributes?

53
Whats next?
  • Experimentation, e.g.,
  • Jennifer Bowen, UR Voyager OPAC mockups
    (search bowen voyager frbr)
  • More theoretical work and discussion, e.g.,
  • Serials - Frieda Rosenberg and Diane Hillman,
    et. al. www.lib.unc.edu/cat/mfh/serials_approach_f
    rbr.pdf
  • Incremental implementations
  • WorldCat, RedLightGreen

54
And, a question for catalogers
  • Do the upcoming FirstSearch changes look useful
    in your workflow?

55
Thank You Questions?
For more information please contact
  • Dawn Hendricks
  • Dawn_hendricks_at_oclc.org
  • (800) 848-5878, ext.6185

Deb Bendig dbendig_at_oclc.org (800) 848-5878, ext.
5084
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