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Goals

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The student needs to know himself through understanding his values, ... Dreams: Things I dram of doing or having: (vacation, promotion) Goal Setting for Learners ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Goals


1
Goals
Adapted from http//www.laubach-on.ca/Trainingpo
st/gsover.htm
2
Overview What is goal setting?
  • Goal setting involves a series of steps. The
    goals must be realistic and obtainable. The
    student needs to know himself through
    understanding his values, interests, and
    strengths.
  • The goal must be clearly stated
  • The should be measurable so that progress can be
    seen
  • The goal should be challenging
  • The goal should have a deadline
  • This module illustrates the value of goals, the
    goal-setting process, realistic goals, necessary
    skills and activities you can do with your
    student.
  •  

3
Why is goal setting necessary?
  • Setting goals helps both tutors and students to
    plan appropriate lessons and track progress.
  • Setting goals answers a number of questions
  • Where do I want to go?
  • Where am I now?
  • How do I get where I want to go?

4
If goals are set, they help to
  • Define what tasks need to be completed to achieve
    the goal (goal assessment)
  • Define what plans must be made (training plans)
  • See what skills are already achieved (current
    level)
  • This student-centered approach promotes active
    participation on the part of the learner, while
    also addressing Adult Learning Principles as
    well.

5
Where can goal setting be done?
  • Goal setting is an on-going process. It can be
    short term or long term. Goals can be set at the
    beginning of the literacy instruction and
    revisited on a regular basis. Goals can also be
    set at the beginning of an individual lesson and
    pertain to just that lesson.A learner who has a
    specific goal will then possess a purpose for his
    learning. This will act as a motivating factor.

6
Where can the goal setting be done?
  • Setting goals can be part of the literacy
    lessons. Vocabulary, planning and researching may
    become literacy activities. As well, goal setting
    can be a discrete activity from the literacy
    lessons. It could be an activity carried out by
    the program coordinator. Please remember that
    if it is not clear what you are trying to
    achieve, it is very difficult to know what to
    evaluate!

7
How can students set goals?
  • THE BROAD GOAL
  • SKILLS NEEDED TO REACH A GOAL
  • HOW THOSE SKILLS WILL BE ACQUIRED
  • DEVELOPMENT OF A LEARNING/ACTION/TRAINING PLAN
  • EVALUATION

8
THE BROAD GOAL
  • Some students may not be aware of what
    constitutes a 'goal'. Brainstorm with the student
    to prepare a list of everyday activities that
    could be considered goals. Example, losing
    weight, stopping smoking, getting to work on
    time, New Year's Resolutions.
  • Once the concept is put into everyday context,
    then goal setting does not become a scary issue.

9
SKILLS NEEDED TO REACH A GOAL
  • When setting goals, the student needs to be aware
    of his values. In other words, it is hard to work
    towards a goal that is in conflict with the
    student's values.
  • For example, a student who values spending time
    with family will be in conflict with a goal that
    requires time away from the family (i.e. a job
    that requires travel).
  • Help the student clarify his values by asking
    what is important to him.

10
HOW THOSE SKILLS WILL BE ACQUIRED
  • If the goal is related to literacy instruction,
    it might be made up of skills that need to be
    attained. In order to have a learning related
    goal, on-going assessment is critical. In this
    way both the tutor and the student can see
    progress towards the goal.
  • Also, on-going assessment allows for revision of
    the goal and its timelines!

11
DEVELOPMENT OF A LEARNING/ACTION/TRAINING PLAN
  • The goal should be broken down into steps. For
    example, if the goal is to complete high school
    the steps should be made smaller. How many
    credits need to be obtained? How many credits can
    realistically be done in one year. Smaller steps
    allow greater success!
  • Adapted from Goal Setting for Learners by
    Stephanie Brennan (1997)

12
EVALUATION
  • "Progress in achieving these goals needs to be
    evaluated on an ongoing basis. Once the goals
    have been reached, the learner needs to celebrate
    the achievement and set new goals."

13
Student Activity
  • A tutor may do a goal-setting activity with their
    student by using the following worksheetsStuden
    t Worksheet 1 Needs, Wants and DreamsStudent
    Worksheet 2 My ValuesStudent Worksheet 3
    My Goal "Not all learnersare as definite about
    what they wish to accomplish. Many will say that
    they just want to improve their reading and
    writing or learn to read and write. For learners
    who want to improve their reading and writing, it
    is helpful to approach goal setting by having the
    learner think about everyday tasks that need
    reading, writing and arithmetic. The learner can
    then decide which ones he or she would like to do
    better."

14
Student Worksheet 1 Needs, Wants and Dreams
  • Name
  • Date
  • Note sometimes one person's need (a car) is
    another person's want (a car). It depends on your
    individual situation. 
  • Needs Things I need to do or have (food,
    clothing, work)Wants Things I want to have or
    to do (better clothing, car)Dreams Things I
    dram of doing or having (vacation, promotion)
  • Goal Setting for LearnersInstructors
    ManualMarch, 1997

15
Student Worksheet 2 My Values
  • Name
  • Date
  • Consider what your values and beliefs are in
    certain areas of your life, for example,
    considering your family, your work, your
    learning. 
  •      

16
Student Worksheet 3 My Goal
  • Name
  • Date
  • Remember the four parts of a goal
  • Precisely stated
  • Measurable
  • Challenging
  • Deadline
  • My goal is toIf you have met all four
    conditions of a goal, you are on the path to
    success! Congratulations!
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