Culture Notes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Culture Notes PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 19e19-N2YxO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Culture Notes

Description:

1. Culture Trait- activities and behaviors ... ( tattoos, boys with earrings, baggy clothes, showing mid-drifts) Diffusion ... Ex) religion or tribal borders ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:173
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 50
Provided by: christin78
Learn more at: http://campuses.fortbendisd.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Culture Notes


1
Culture Notes
2
  • I. What is Culture - all the features of a
    peoples way of life.
  • 1. Culture Trait- activities and behaviors used
    by people.
  • 2. Culture Region- an area where people have
    similar traits.
  • 3. Ethnic Group- human population which shares
    ancestry and culture traits.

3
A. What causes changes in populations?
Migration, war, trade
4
Acculturation
  • individual or group adopts some traits to that is
    from another culture.

5
Innovation
  • new ideas a cultures accepts. (tattoos, boys
    with earrings, baggy clothes, showing mid-drifts)

6
Diffusion
  • ideas or innovations spread from one person to
    another and are adopted.

7
Globalization
  • the process in which connections around the world
    increase and cultures merge. (internet)

8
Traditionalism
  • Cultures which follow longtime historical
    practices or ways of life and who sometimes
    oppose many modern innovations.

9
II. World Language and World Religion
  • A. Language
  • 1. Dialect- regional variety of language. Ex)
    Texas- yall vs. New York-Yous Guys

10
  • 2. Major vs. Minor- almost every country in the
    world has a major language and many minor
    languages due to migration and globalization.

11
B. Religion
  • 1. Ethnic Religion- focuses on one ethnic
    group and generally spreads into culture, Ex)
    Judiasm, Islam

12
Animist Religion
  • people who believe in the presence of the spirits
    and the forces of nature. Ex Voodoo

13
Polytheism
  • belief in many gods

14
Monotheism
  • belief in one god

15
III. Government
  • Autocracy gov.t run by a single person who
    has unlimited powers
  • EX Totalitarianism - Absolute Power

16
  • Absolute Monarchy- King or Queen with absolute
    power

17
  • Constitutional Monarchy- King or Queen who rules
    absolutely but must abide to a constitution.

18
  • Oligarchy- Government run by a few powerful people

19
  • Democracy- Government run by the people, either
    directly or through elected officials or
    representatives.

20
  • Direct Democracy- citizens participated directly
    in the decision making process.
  • Representative Democracy- voters elect officials
    to make decisions in their interests.
  • Republic- political order in which the power lies
    with the citizens who vote representatives to be
    responsible for some of the decision making
    process. Ex United States

21
  • Communism- economic and political system in which
    the government controls and owns all the means of
    production.
  • Ex) North Korea

22
  • Socialism- free enterprise system of economy in
    which the government owns and controls some means
    of production.
  • Ex) Canada

23
IV. Types of Economies
  • A. Market Economy- economy which the people
    freely choose what to buy and sell.
  • Free Enterprise - system which lets competition
    among businesses determine the price of the
    product.
  • Capitalism- business, industry, and resources
    are privately owned.

24
  • B. Command Economy- the government decided what
    to produce, where to make it, and what price to
    charge.
  • C. Traditional or Subsistence Economy- people
    who make goods

for themselves and sell whatever they have left
over
25
  • D. Four Types of Economic Activities
  • 1. Primary Activity-economic activities that
    use natural resources directly.
  • Ex farming, fishing, forestry, herding, mining

26
  • 2. Secondary Activity- use of raw materials to
    produce or manufacture something new.
  • Ex) steel making, wheat into flour, lumber into
    plywood

27
  • 3. Tertiary Activity- provides a service to
    people or businesses.
  • Ex) teacher, dry cleaners, grocers

28
  • 4. Quaternary Activity- requires workers to have
    a specialized skill or training,
  • Ex) doctor, scientist, engineer

29
V. Measures of a Developed Country
  • A. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)- total value of
    goods and services which were created or built
    within a country in one year.
  • B. Gross National Product (GNP)- the total
    value of goods and services which a country
    produces each year.
  • C. Industrialization- process by which
    manufacturing based on machine power becomes
    widespread in an area.

30
  • D. Literacy Rates- the percentage of people who
    can read and write in a country,
  • E. Standards of Living- per capita, education
    levels, food consumption vs. food production,
    population, and population predictions.

31
VI. Developed Vs. Developing Countries
(formerly called 3rd World Country)
  • A. Developed Country- richest countries in the
    world, which have high levels of
    industrialization, standard of livings, GDP, and
    GNP. Less than 25 of the worlds populations
    live in these countries. They have a lot of
    infrastructure- all systems of transportation
    including, roads, ports, highways,
  • EX USA, countries of Western Europe, Canada,
    Japan, Australia

32
(No Transcript)
33
  • B. Developing Country- worlds poorest countries.
    Usually are less productive and have low
    standards of living, literacy rates, GDP, and
    GNP. Most of the worlds populations live in
    these countries. These countries usually
    experience government corruption, high birth
    rates, high infant mortality rates, high death
    rates.
  • Ex Countries of Africa, Asia, Central and South
    America,the Pacific Islands

34
(No Transcript)
35
  • C. Mid Income Country- Countries who have
    features of both developed and developing
    countries. Usually have modern urban areas but
    poor rural areas,
  • Ex) Mexico, Thailand, Brazil, Malaysia

36
(No Transcript)
37
VII. Urban vs. Rural
  • A. Historically
  • 1. Hunter-Gatherers-nomadic people who hunted
    animals and gathered berries in order to survive.

38
  • 2. Domestication- the process in which people
    tame animals

39
  • 3. Urbanization- the growth of people moving
    from rural areas to live in urban areas.

40
  • B. Shifting Cultivation- farmers clear trees or
    brush for planting fields which are farmed for a
    few years, until the soil is depleted of its
    nutrients, and then abandoned.

41
  • C. Subsistence Agriculture- farmers grow only
    enough for their own needs.

42
  • D. World Cities- most important centers of
    economic power and wealth. Ex) NYC, Tokyo, London

43
VIII. Political Geography
  • A. Three Types of Political Boundaries 1.
    Natural Boundary-boundaries that follow a feature
    of the landscape. (mountains, rivers, deserts)

44
  • 2. Cultural Boundary- borders that are based on
    cultural traits. Ex) religion or tribal borders

45
  • 3. Geometric Boundary- borders that are usually
    follow a straight line without regard to the
    environment. Ex) US and Canadian border which
    lies on the 49th parallel and splits rivers,
    lakes, and mountains.

46
  • B. Political Conflicts
  • 1. Nationalism- feelings of pride and loyalty
    for ones own country

47
  • 2. Terrorism- the use of fear and violence as a
    political force.

48
  • C. Political Cooperation
  • 1. United Nations- representatives from almost
    every county in the world discuss international
    issues and voice concerns. goal- prevent war

49
  • 2. World Trade Organization- works to make
    trade between countries fair and organized.
About PowerShow.com