The Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: The Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs


1
The Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs
  • History Alive! Ch. 8, pp. 73-79

2
8.1 Introduction
  • In 1922, archeologists discovered the tomb of
    King Tutankhaten.
  • Inside the small burial, they found three coffins
    nested inside each other, the smallest made of
    solid gold containing the kings mummy. On the
    mummys head was a magnificent golden mask.
    Jewelry and good luck charms lay on the mummy and
    in the wrappings that protected it. Other rooms
    were filled with statues, weapons, furniture, and
    even a chariot

3
  • The treasures in King Tuts tomb provided an
    amazing glimpse into Ancient Egypt
  • Other pharaohs also left behind fabulous riches
    and artwork
  • Many of them built great monuments to celebrate
    their accomplishments.
  • The three important periods in ancient Egyptian
    history are
  • Old Kingdom
  • Middle Kingdom
  • New Kingdom

4
8.2 Ancient Egypt and Its Rulers
  • The Old Kingdom lasted from 2700 to 2200 B.C.E.
  • During this time, early pharaohs set up a strong
    central government.
  • They also built great pyramids as tombs for
    themselves
  • Some historians call this time the Age of the
    Pyramids.

5
  • The Middle Kingdom lasted from 2000 to 1800
    B.C.E.
  • It is sometimes called the Period of
    Reunification because it followed years of chaos
    and disunity
  • Many great achievements in literature, art, and
    architecture were made during this era.
  • The New Kingdom lasted from about 1600 to 1100
    B.C.E.

6
  • This era is often called Egypts Golden Age
    because it was a time of peace and unity.
  • Rulers increased trade and built gigantic
    monuments.
  • Egypts power reached its height at this time.
  • During all three periods, Egypt was ruled by
    pharaohs. They held supreme power they were
    kings, generals, and religious leaders. They
    owned the land and were responsible for the
    well-being of the people.

7
  • Egyptians believed that the pharaohs were gods
  • After they died, the pharaohs were thought to
    enter an afterlife that would never end
  • Their great tombs were built to last forever
  • The pharaohs built other monuments to glorify
    their power and successes

8
8.3 Pharaoh Khufu The Pyramid Builder
  • The pharaoh Khufu ruled from about 2551 to 2528
    B.C.E., during the Old Kingdom period.
  • He is best known as the builder of a famous
    pyramid.
  • Khufu helped establish the pharaoh as a central
    authority
  • He kept strict control over Egypts food supply
  • He controlled a large network of government
    officials who carried out his laws.
  • He emphasized his power by declaring himself a
    god.

9
  • Khufu was responsible for building the Great
    Pyramid at Giza.
  • Its one of the wonders of the ancient world.
  • It sat at the center of a huge complex of
    temples, statues, monuments, and smaller tombs
  • It was made of more than 2 million stone blocks
    that fit together
  • Inside, tunnels led to several burial chambers
  • It took more than 20 years to complete
  • The completed pyramid was a stunning monument to
    Egyptian engineering.

10
8.4 Pharaoh Senusret I Patron of the Arts
  • The pharaoh Senusret I ruled from 1971 to 1926
    B.C.E., during the Middle Kingdom
  • He was a strong leader who ruled a stable,
    unified Egypt
  • Art, literature, and architecture flourished
    during his reign.
  • He controlled mines loaded with gold, copper, and
    gems such as purple amethyst
  • Craftspeople fashioned these materials into
    beautiful pieces of jewelry

11
  • Some of the greatest works of Egyptian literature
    were written during Senusrets reign
  • The Story of the Sinuhe
  • His greatest accomplishments were in religious
    architecture
  • He built and improved many temples, shrines, and
    religious monuments
  • His finest architecture achievement was the White
    Chapel
  • It was made of alabaster, a hard white stone

12
8.5 Pharaoh Hatshepsut Promoter of Egyptian Trade
  • The pharaoh Hatshepsut ruled from 1473 to 1458
    B.C.E., during the New Kingdom
  • She was Egypts first female pharaoh
  • She was known for encouraging trade with other
    countries
  • One of Hatshepsuts greatest accomplishments was
    simply gaining power

13
  • She filled her government with loyal advisors
  • She demanded the same respect as a male ruler
  • She spread stories that her father was a god.
  • As pharaoh, Hatshepsut promoted trade with other
    countries
  • Her biggest expedition was to the African kingdom
    of Punt, at the southern end of the Red Sea
  • Five ships sailed to Punt bearing gifts and trade
    goods
  • In all, over 200 men made the voyage

14
  • Hatshepsut left behind a stunning monument to her
    reign, a great temple at Dayr al-Bahri.
  • The main part was built into a cliff above the
    Nile River
  • At the entrance were two tall, thin monuments
    called obelisks
  • The entrance was also graced by 200 sphinx
    statues, mythical creatures with the body of a
    lion and the head of a man
  • Scenes from Hatshepsuts reign decorated the
    temple walls, including carvings that portrayed
    the great voyage to Punt

15
8.6 Pharaoh Ramses II Military Leader and Master
Builder
  • The pharaoh Ramses II ruled from 1290 to 1224
    B.C.E., during the New Kingdom
  • Known as Ramses the Great, he was one of the most
    important rulers in ancient Egyptian history
  • He reigned for more than 60 years, longer than
    almost any other pharaoh
  • He is best known for his courageous military
    leadership and for building numerous monuments

16
  • He had over 100 wives and more than 100 children
  • He had hundred of statues of himself erected all
    over Egypt, some were over 60 feet high
  • Ramses was a fearless soldier from a young age,
    being made captain at the age of 10
  • One of his most impressive projects was the
    temple complex at Abu Simbel
  • The main temple was carved into the side of a
    cliff on the bank of the Nile River
  • A smaller temple honored his favorite wife,
    Nefertari
  • Four giant seated statues of himself framed the
    entranceamong the finest example of Egyptian art
  • Ramses built more temples and monuments than any
    other pharaoh in history
View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs

Description:

Jewelry and good luck charms lay on the mummy and in the wrappings that protected it. ... to the African kingdom of Punt, at the southern end of the Red Sea ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:3485
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 17
Provided by: amyleo
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs


1
The Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs
  • History Alive! Ch. 8, pp. 73-79

2
8.1 Introduction
  • In 1922, archeologists discovered the tomb of
    King Tutankhaten.
  • Inside the small burial, they found three coffins
    nested inside each other, the smallest made of
    solid gold containing the kings mummy. On the
    mummys head was a magnificent golden mask.
    Jewelry and good luck charms lay on the mummy and
    in the wrappings that protected it. Other rooms
    were filled with statues, weapons, furniture, and
    even a chariot

3
  • The treasures in King Tuts tomb provided an
    amazing glimpse into Ancient Egypt
  • Other pharaohs also left behind fabulous riches
    and artwork
  • Many of them built great monuments to celebrate
    their accomplishments.
  • The three important periods in ancient Egyptian
    history are
  • Old Kingdom
  • Middle Kingdom
  • New Kingdom

4
8.2 Ancient Egypt and Its Rulers
  • The Old Kingdom lasted from 2700 to 2200 B.C.E.
  • During this time, early pharaohs set up a strong
    central government.
  • They also built great pyramids as tombs for
    themselves
  • Some historians call this time the Age of the
    Pyramids.

5
  • The Middle Kingdom lasted from 2000 to 1800
    B.C.E.
  • It is sometimes called the Period of
    Reunification because it followed years of chaos
    and disunity
  • Many great achievements in literature, art, and
    architecture were made during this era.
  • The New Kingdom lasted from about 1600 to 1100
    B.C.E.

6
  • This era is often called Egypts Golden Age
    because it was a time of peace and unity.
  • Rulers increased trade and built gigantic
    monuments.
  • Egypts power reached its height at this time.
  • During all three periods, Egypt was ruled by
    pharaohs. They held supreme power they were
    kings, generals, and religious leaders. They
    owned the land and were responsible for the
    well-being of the people.

7
  • Egyptians believed that the pharaohs were gods
  • After they died, the pharaohs were thought to
    enter an afterlife that would never end
  • Their great tombs were built to last forever
  • The pharaohs built other monuments to glorify
    their power and successes

8
8.3 Pharaoh Khufu The Pyramid Builder
  • The pharaoh Khufu ruled from about 2551 to 2528
    B.C.E., during the Old Kingdom period.
  • He is best known as the builder of a famous
    pyramid.
  • Khufu helped establish the pharaoh as a central
    authority
  • He kept strict control over Egypts food supply
  • He controlled a large network of government
    officials who carried out his laws.
  • He emphasized his power by declaring himself a
    god.

9
  • Khufu was responsible for building the Great
    Pyramid at Giza.
  • Its one of the wonders of the ancient world.
  • It sat at the center of a huge complex of
    temples, statues, monuments, and smaller tombs
  • It was made of more than 2 million stone blocks
    that fit together
  • Inside, tunnels led to several burial chambers
  • It took more than 20 years to complete
  • The completed pyramid was a stunning monument to
    Egyptian engineering.

10
8.4 Pharaoh Senusret I Patron of the Arts
  • The pharaoh Senusret I ruled from 1971 to 1926
    B.C.E., during the Middle Kingdom
  • He was a strong leader who ruled a stable,
    unified Egypt
  • Art, literature, and architecture flourished
    during his reign.
  • He controlled mines loaded with gold, copper, and
    gems such as purple amethyst
  • Craftspeople fashioned these materials into
    beautiful pieces of jewelry

11
  • Some of the greatest works of Egyptian literature
    were written during Senusrets reign
  • The Story of the Sinuhe
  • His greatest accomplishments were in religious
    architecture
  • He built and improved many temples, shrines, and
    religious monuments
  • His finest architecture achievement was the White
    Chapel
  • It was made of alabaster, a hard white stone

12
8.5 Pharaoh Hatshepsut Promoter of Egyptian Trade
  • The pharaoh Hatshepsut ruled from 1473 to 1458
    B.C.E., during the New Kingdom
  • She was Egypts first female pharaoh
  • She was known for encouraging trade with other
    countries
  • One of Hatshepsuts greatest accomplishments was
    simply gaining power

13
  • She filled her government with loyal advisors
  • She demanded the same respect as a male ruler
  • She spread stories that her father was a god.
  • As pharaoh, Hatshepsut promoted trade with other
    countries
  • Her biggest expedition was to the African kingdom
    of Punt, at the southern end of the Red Sea
  • Five ships sailed to Punt bearing gifts and trade
    goods
  • In all, over 200 men made the voyage

14
  • Hatshepsut left behind a stunning monument to her
    reign, a great temple at Dayr al-Bahri.
  • The main part was built into a cliff above the
    Nile River
  • At the entrance were two tall, thin monuments
    called obelisks
  • The entrance was also graced by 200 sphinx
    statues, mythical creatures with the body of a
    lion and the head of a man
  • Scenes from Hatshepsuts reign decorated the
    temple walls, including carvings that portrayed
    the great voyage to Punt

15
8.6 Pharaoh Ramses II Military Leader and Master
Builder
  • The pharaoh Ramses II ruled from 1290 to 1224
    B.C.E., during the New Kingdom
  • Known as Ramses the Great, he was one of the most
    important rulers in ancient Egyptian history
  • He reigned for more than 60 years, longer than
    almost any other pharaoh
  • He is best known for his courageous military
    leadership and for building numerous monuments

16
  • He had over 100 wives and more than 100 children
  • He had hundred of statues of himself erected all
    over Egypt, some were over 60 feet high
  • Ramses was a fearless soldier from a young age,
    being made captain at the age of 10
  • One of his most impressive projects was the
    temple complex at Abu Simbel
  • The main temple was carved into the side of a
    cliff on the bank of the Nile River
  • A smaller temple honored his favorite wife,
    Nefertari
  • Four giant seated statues of himself framed the
    entranceamong the finest example of Egyptian art
  • Ramses built more temples and monuments than any
    other pharaoh in history
About PowerShow.com