Toastmasters Competitive Speaking Workshop - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Toastmasters Competitive Speaking Workshop PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 18d93-YzkzZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Toastmasters Competitive Speaking Workshop

Description:

Funny Bone. Tear ducts. Muscles. Ideas & Original ... Example: songs, rhyming poems ... Key words or a phrase, or a short sentence are repeated , at intervals. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:434
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 124
Provided by: dilipaba
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Toastmasters Competitive Speaking Workshop


1
Toastmasters Competitive Speaking Workshop
  • Dilip R. Abayasekara, DTM, AS
  • International President, 2005/06
  • Toastmasters International

2
Why Compete?
  • Share benefits youve received
  • The rewards beyond the benefits!

3
Competitive Speaking Enables
  • Accelerating speaking mastery
  • Compressing learning time frames
  • Explosive growth of self-confidence
  • Absorbing success principles
  • Expanding influence
  • Developing character
  • Spiritual illumination

4
A Four-Step Winning Philosophy
  • 1. Dont compete, create!
  • 2. Strive for higher ground with every speech.
    (Let this be my finest speech).
  • 3. Its not about you (ego) be a channel for
    greatness.
  • 4. Help audience become co-creators of message

5
The Four Standard TI Contests
  • International Speech
  • Humorous Speech
  • Table Topics
  • Evaluation

6
FUN-da-MENTALS!
  • Embrace learning at club
  • Mine manual speeches
  • Value evaluations
  • Continuously improve in PET
  • Create hold a vision
  • Have fun!

7
The TI Purpose for Speech Contests
  • Provide an opportunity for
  • Speakers to improve their speaking abilities
  • Recognizing the best as encouragement for all
  • Learning by observing proficient speakers.

8
Begin with the Basics
  • Rules of the contest
  • Understand the judging form
  • Embrace winning philosophy
  • Master fundamentals - topics/structure/delivery

9
Rules of Eligibility
  • International Speech Contest
  • 1. Member in good standing of a club in good
    standing.
  • 2. Completed at least 6 manual projects of CC
    manual. (Exception Charter member of Club
    chartered after July 1st.)
  • 3. Maintain eligibility at all levels of any
    contest.

10
International Speech Contest
  • Contest process
  • - Club, Area, Division, District (Speech 1)
  • - Inter-District or Regional (Speech 2)
  • - World Championship of Public Speaking
  • (speech 3)
  • - Qualifying judges

11
Secrets of the Judging Form
  • Attempt at objectivity
  • The form
  • The judges
  • Objective/Subjective tension
  • Whats not on the form
  • The influence of audience response

12
Content (50 of Points)
  • Speech Development (20 points)
  • Effectiveness (15 points)
  • Speech Value (15 points)

13
Speech Development
  • Structure
  • Organization
  • Support Material

14
The Natural Sequence of Speech Preparation
  • Select Topic
  • Identify General Purpose
  • Write specific purpose
  • Brainstorm 1st, Research 2nd.
  • 5. Write Central Idea
  • 6. Write Body
  • 7. Write Introduction
  • 8. Write Conclusion
  • 9. Create Title

15
Select Topic
  • The topic is the starting point of your
    preparation.
  • The topic should mesh with
  • Audiences expectations and desires
  • Your expertise/knowledge
  • Requirements of project

16
Identify General Purpose
  • Gives broad objective of speech in the form of an
    infinitive.
  • To inform
  • To persuade
  • To entertain
  • To inspire

17
Write Specific Purpose
  • Precise goal expressed in one sentence, from
    Audiences point of view
  • As a result of hearing my speech, members of my
    audience will ____________________________________
    __________________.

18
Examples of Specific Purpose Statements
  • As a result of hearing my speech, members of my
    audience will
  • be inspired to look beyond obstacles to find
    opportunities.
  • be persuaded to take responsibility for taking
    care of their environment.
  • be challenged to reach higher, work harder, and
    dream bigger.

19
Write Central Idea
  • The central theme of your message
  • The essence of your presentation
  • Your message in a nutshell
  • Express in one sentence or phrase

20
Examples of Central Ideas
  • An essential element of speaking with confidence
    is to focus on your audience and message not on
    yourself.
  • Success in life is like success in the stock
    market youve got to think beyond short-term
    gains and play it for the long run.
  • The greatness of your life springs from the
    greatness of your thoughts.

21
Keep Focused on Central Idea
  • Edward Everett to Abraham Lincoln about the
    Gettysburg Address
  • I should be glad if I could flatter myself if I
    came as near the Central Idea of the occasion in
    two hours as you did in two minutes.

22
The Body
  • First Main Point
  • Statement of fact
  • Supporting material
  • Second Main Point
  • Statement of fact
  • Supporting material
  • Third Main Point
  • Statement of fact
  • Supporting material

23
Support Material
  • Stories
  • Humour
  • Statistics
  • Facts

24
Why Humor?
  • Enjoyment
  • Change in pace
  • Memorable
  • More fun for the speaker
  • Lowers resistance!

25
Working Humor into Your Speeches
  • Fill in blank
  • You dont have to use humor unless you want to
    _____!

26
Where Do You Find Material for Humor?
  • Try the mirror!
  • Life
  • Family
  • Work
  • Anywhere people gather
  • Publications
  • Internet
  • Other speakers

27
Weaving in Stories Humor
  • Power of stories
  • One common problem Whats the point?!!
  • PSP Formula
  • Point
  • Story
  • Point

28
PSP in Action
  • Over Left Door
  • EXIST
  • Over Right Door
  • NO EXIST

29
Fit the Humor into the Point
  • Potato Farmer hard times rob banks caught
    prison wife sends note replies dont dig the
    field hid money wife sends note bunch of
    deputy sheriffs dug up field plant the
    potatoes!
  • Q (1) What kind of point/s can this story
    illustrate?
  • (2) How would you weave it into your speech?

30
Fit the Humor (Cont.)
  • 2. Mountain climber loses grip falls grabs
    small plant on mountainside hanging on God,
    please help me! silence then, Let Go my
    son. -- Is that really you God? Let go, my
    son! Is there anyone else out there?
  • Point/s?
  • How to weave into speech?

31
ART of Opening
  • Capture Attention
  • Create Relevance
  • Lead into Topic
  • ----------------------------
  • Preview Content

32
The Speech Opening
  • Why is opening important ?
  • Unless a speaker can interest his audience at
    once, his effort will be a failure.
  • - Clarence Darrow
  • General Guidelines
  • 5-10 of speech length
  • Prepare after preparing body of speech
  • Know it cold to deliver with max. eye contact

33
The Key to a Great Opening
  • Get audiences
  • Mental i_________
  • Imaginative p___________

34
Ideas for Openings
  • Intriguing question
  • Challenging statement
  • Problem Description Opener
  • Short illustration or story
  • A visual aid

35
Intriguing Questions
  • Principles
  • Mental i____________
  • Imaginative p____________
  • Lead into topic

36
Intriguing Question Examples
  • Are you secretly afraid of ?
  • What do you think is the most effective way to ?
  • How many times have you said to yourself ?
  • When was the last time you ?
  • What would you say if I promised that ?
  • Has this ever happened to you ?
  • If you knew you could never fail, what would you
    ...?
  • Do you remember the first time you ever ?

37
The Challenging Statement
  • Principles
  • Surprise
  • Create curiosity
  • Sense of challenge
  • Mental I__________

38
Challenge Examples
  • Good morning! In the next few minutes I will
    show you why nervousness can be a speakers best
    friend.
  • If you are not happy in life, you have sowed the
    seeds of that unhappiness.

39
Problem Description Opener
  • One of the most powerful attention-grabbing
    openers
  • Principle Solidarity Solution
  • 1. Describe attendees important problems/needs.
  • 2. Tell attendees that youll show them how to
    solve those problems.

40
Example
  • All of us in this room want the same thing to
    be able to speak so well that listeners hang on
    to our every word and we achieve our speaking
    goals. But have you ever wondered why you cant
    seem to really connect with listeners? Are you
    tired of sounding like a robot when you really
    want to engage your audience? Does it seem like
    someone else always has more fun and gets the
    standing ovations? The good news is there is a
    way to achieve your goals! In the next hour you
    will discover powerful principles that will help
    you reach your hearts desire in public speaking!

41
Four Other Opening Techniques
  • Short story (Dilip A. 1992)
  • Action (Craig Valentine 1999)
  • Visuals (Morgan McArthur 1993)
  • Unwrapping (Morgan McArthur 1993)

42
The Conclusion
  • Great is the art of the beginning, but greater
  • is the art of ending
  • - Longfellow
  • How would you rate your speech endings on a
    scale of 1-10?
  • Strengths?
  • Challenges?

43
Two Major Functions of Conclusions
  • Let the listeners sense you are ending the speech
  • Reinforce the listeners understanding of, or
    commitment to the central idea

44
Signaling the End
  • Loop back to the beginning
  • Begin to summarize (informing)
  • Begin a call to action (persuading")
  • Restate central idea
  • Manner of delivery and changes in vocality
  • Tone, pacing, intonation, rhythm
  • Crescendo
  • Dissolve

45
Crescendo Ending
  • Closing of Ive Been to the Mountain top
    speech
  • by Martin Luther King

46
Dissolve Ending
  • In my dreams I hear again the crash of guns, the
    rattle of musketry, the strange, mournful mutter
    of the battlefield. But in the evening of my
    memory always I come back to West Point. Always
    there echoes and re-echoes Duty, Honor, Country.
  • Today marks my final roll call with you. But I
    want you to know that when I cross the river, my
    last conscious thoughts will be of the Corps, and
    the Corps, and the Corps.
  • I bid you farewell.
  • - General Douglas McArthur,
  • Farewell address to Cadets at West Point

47
Closing
  • Purpose? Inform, Educate, Persuade, Inspire,
    Entertain, Challenge
  • Integrate entire presentation toward desired end
    result

48
Choosing a Winning Title
  • Some approaches
  • Keep it short
  • Fit the central idea
  • Fit the specific purpose
  • Make it intriguing
  • Promise a Benefit
  • Use key words from body of speech

49
Organizational Secrets of the Lion King
  • All that we need to know, we will find within
    ourselves or modeled in nature.
  • The King of Beasts models the organization for a
    speech!

50
Organizational Secrets (Cont.)
  • Head Introduction
  • Spine/Backbone Central Idea (one)
  • Body Body of Talk
  • Main Bones Main Points
  • Cartilage Tendons Connectives
  • Feet Supporting Data
  • Flesh, Skin, Mane Emotional Connection
  • Tail - Conclusion

51
Effectiveness
  • Achievement of Purpose
  • Interest
  • Reception

52
Effective Communication
  • My listeners must understand what Im saying and
    feel what Im feeling.
  • Understand Clarity (left brain)
  • Feel Emotion arousing word pictures (right
    brain)
  • Master the above two and you will achieve your
    purpose!

53
Audience Receptiveness
  • Ten Things People Want
  • 1. Understand be understood
  • 2. Significant topic
  • 3. Relevant message
  • 4. Inspiration

54
People Want
  • 5. Entertainment
  • 8. Connectedness Community
  • 7. Respect Caring
  • 8. Security Freedom
  • 9. Authenticity
  • 10. Engagement

55
Audience Engaging Techniques
  • Create relevance
  • Ask questions
  • Ask for response
  • Create climate for response
  • Call for action
  • Stories
  • Humor

56
Speak to the Whole Person
  • Ear
  • Imagination
  • Heart
  • Mind
  • Funny Bone
  • Tear ducts
  • Muscles

57
Speech Value
  • Ideas Original Thought
  • New Eyes, personal stories, insights,
  • Logic
  • Clarity, transitions, organization, development

58
Speech Value as Audience Sees it
  • Relevance WIIFM
  • Originality Interest
  • Significance Meaningful
  • Engagement Involvement

59
What Judging Form Doesnt State
  • Originality (New Twist)
  • New eyes New way of understanding old truth
  • New way of presenting old truth
  • Relevance
  • WIIFM
  • My story must have a You message!

60
Delivery (30 of points)
  • Physical (10 points)
  • Voice (10 points)
  • Manner (10 points)

61
Circle of Excellence
62
Physical
  • Appearance
  • Body Language

63
Appearance
  • Easiest points to win!
  • Be aware of judges expectations
  • -level to level
  • Men little things shoes socks jacket/buttons
  • Women pitfalls of too many choices
  • jewelry heels colours appropriateness
  • Rule of Thumb If in doubt, dont.

64
High Impact Delivery
  • Mehrabian
  • Verbal
  • Vocal
  • Visual
  • The most important thing in communication is to
    hear what isnt being said.
  • -- Peter F. Drucker

65
Congruency
  • My life is an indivisible whole and all my
    attitudes run into one another and they all have
    their rise in their insatiable love for mankind.
  • -Mahatma Gandhi

66
Body Language The Six Most Expressive Tools
  • EYE CONTACT
  • - One person _at_ a time
  • (2) POSTURE
  • Erect but not stiff
  • (Beauty Queen wall exercise)
  • (3) FACE
  • - No Poker, please!
  • - Feel the words
  • - In sync w/ message
  • (4) HANDS
  • - As paint brush to
  • artist
  • - Enhance message,
  • dont compete!
  • - Let hang by side
  • (Continued)

67
Body Language (Cont.)
  • (5) Movement
  • - Dimension of energy
  • - Purposeful
  • - Graceful
  • - Complete
  • (6) Appearance
  • - Appropriate
  • - Helping or Hurting?
  • - Outer expression of
  • inner image

68
Space ManagementThe Forgotten Dimension
  • Space Management How well do you use the
    speaking area?
  • Advanced preparation
  • Realities of WCPS (script, videotaping)
  • Identify trouble spots
  • Use the whole space
  • Use space markers

69
Connecting with the Audience
  • Want more for them than you want for yourself.
  • Wayne Dyer
  • Them Audience

70
Creating Vivid Images/Feelings
  • Figures of Speech
  • Creating Rhythm
  • Antithesis
  • Using stories and humor to make a point

71
Types of Figures of Speech
  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Analogy
  • Personification
  • (Hyperbole, Irony, metonymy, apostrophe,
    synecdoche)

72
1. Simile
  • Expresses a resemblance between things of
    different kinds, usually formed with like or
    as.
  • E.g., When I first saw her, my heart fluttered
    like a butterflys wings.

73
One Figure of Speech is Worth a 1000 Words!
  • He liked to observe emotions they were like red
    lanterns strung along the dark unknown of
    anothers personality, making vulnerable points.
  • - Ayn Rand

74
Try Your Hand at Similes
  • Winning a speech contest is like
    _____________________________.
  • __________________ is like childbirth.
  • For just as the _______ is the ________
  • of the ________ _________, so is the home, the
    cradle of the citizen of the world.

75
2. Metaphor
  • A first concept is described as being or
    precisely equal to second concept which it is
    not.
  • Example He is the sun, she is the moon he
    shines for her and her days are spent orbiting
    around his needs.

76
3. Analogy
  • Extended metaphor
  • An inference that if things agree in some
    respect, they probably agree in others.
  • E.g., Lincolns opening line of the Gettysburg
    Address.

77
Analogy Example
  • The winds of ethnic mistrust and suspicion blew
    through Colombo winds that threatened to drive
    the sands of suffocation and death against the
    windows and walls of our communities. If we
    dont change, we will lose the way of brotherhood
    and suppress the drawing power of the spirit of
    love and service.

78
4. Personification
  • Inanimate objects are spoken of as if they were
    persons, as if they had life.
  • E.g., As the coffin was lowered to the grave on
    that overcast day, the tears of heaven fell down
    and mingled with my own, as all creation groaned
    at the loss of one so loved.

79
Creating Rhythm
  • Rhythm, properly created, creates a powerful
    drawing power to the message.
  • Rhyme
  • Repetition
  • Alliteration

80
Rhyme
  • Ending sounds of words or phrases or sentences
    are similar.
  • Example songs, rhyming poems
  • Caution use sparingly otherwise entertainment
    aspect might surpass value of message!

81
Rhyme - Examples
  • Fondly do we hope,
  • Fervently do we pray,
  • That this mighty scourge of war
  • Will speedily pass away.
  • - Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural

82
Repetition
  • Key words or a phrase, or a short sentence are
    repeated , at intervals.
  • Can create an almost hypnotic connection.
  • See MLK, Jr. One hundred years later
  • Lance Miller (Cha-ching, 2005)

83
Alliteration
  • The initial sounds of a word, beginning either
    with a consonant or a vowel, are repeated in
    close succession.
  • Examples
  • to care, to create, to connect. (Dilip, 1992)
  • She was beautiful, brave, and brash.
  • Veni, vidi, vici. (Julius Caesar)

84
Try Your Hand at Creating Rhythm
  • How could you have used rhyme, repetition, and
    alliteration to create rhythm in certain passages
    of a speech youve given?

85
Antithesis
  • Using words that are direct opposites to each
    other.
  • This brings about a creative tension in the
    sentence and sharply outlines the point you want
    to make.

86
Antithesis (Examples)
  • ask not what your _______ can do for you, but
    what __ can do for your country.
  • Winning a speech contest is not so much a matter
    of competition as it is a matter of creation.
    Dont compete, create. Improve inside, in order
    to shine outside. Focus on giving a gift to
    your audience, not claiming a prize from the
    judges.

87
Voice
  • Judging Form States
  • Flexibility
  • Volume
  • Judges are Looking for
  • Vocal quality
  • Vocal variety
  • Vocal projection
  • Articulation/enunciation

88
Your Voice!
  • Breath from diaphragm
  • Avoid glottal catch
  • Speak at natural pitch
  • Float your voice on a bed of air (2-finger
    exercise)
  • Join a choir/ Sing in shower/ Read aloud
  • Dont abuse your voice

89
Vocal Variety
  • Pitch
  • Volume
  • Rate
  • Rhythm
  • Great tools for self-improvement
  • Tape player or digital voice recorder
  • Poems, childrens stories, speeches, etc.
  • Play back, evaluate, re-do, play back, etc.

90
What Not to Swallow Before Contest
  • Anything that will leave a coat of granules on
    vocal folds/cords
  • E.g., crumbly cookies, some cereals, chips, etc.
  • Caffeinated drinks
  • A heavy meal

91
Before contest speech
  • Warm up vocal cords
  • Hydrate vocal cords
  • Dont shout
  • Dont whisper
  • Dont tire voice

92
Manner
  • Directness
  • Assurance
  • Enthusiasm

93
Presence/Command
  • Mental Ownership
  • Deeply Rooted Confidence
  • Unswerving Focus
  • Knowing
  • Sense of High Calling

94
Enthusiasm/Passion/Authenticity
  • Enthusiasm - connective energy
  • - expression of passion
  • Passion - window to authenticity
  • Authenticity - no façade real self

95
Language (20 of Points)
  • Appropriateness (10 points)
  • Correctness (10 points)

96
Appropriate Language
  • Fit for occasion and audience
  • Nothing in bad taste
  • Language, stories, and humour to which audience
    can relate
  • No cultural mismatches

97
Correctness of Language
  • Grammar
  • Pronunciation
  • Word Selection

98
Pronunciation
  • Clarity is more important than accent
  • Diphthongs
  • Word Stress
  • Special letter sounds
  • Intonation

99
Diphthongs
  • The coming together of two vowel sounds in a
    single word.
  • E.g., Rope ohooo ou Not Rop

100
Diphthongs (Cont.)
  • Try these
  • Motor
  • Baby
  • Cow
  • Potato
  • Pew
  • Without diphthongs, American ear may hear
  • Motar
  • Bebe
  • Cou
  • Poteto
  • Piw (or pev)

101
Word Stress
  • Stressing certain syllables of words
  • Stressing certain words of sentences
  • Biology Zoology
  • Desert Dessert
  • Evaluate Evaluation

102
Sounds
  • Three Troublesome Consonant Sounds
  • V, W, R

103
Intonation
  • Rise and fall in pitch
  • Standard patterns
  • Question
  • Boredom
  • Surprise
  • Delight
  • Sadness, etc.
  • Non-standard patterns will obscure meaning.

104
Resources for Pronunciation
  • www.drdilip.com (free articles)
  • www.pronunciationworkshop.com
  • www.pronunciationresources.com
  • www.accentworks.com
  • www.soundsofenglish.org
  • www.americanaccent.com
  • A Pronouncing Dictionary of American English by
    P. Roach et al.
  • English Pronouncing Dictionary by D. Jones

105
Table Topics Contest
  • Keys to Winning

106
The Frozen Mind An Inaccessible Treasure Chest!
107
The Most Powerful Opener of the Minds Treasure
Chest
  • A CAN DO
  • Attitude!!!

108
Truths
  • Your communication begins before you
  • _______________ your _____________.
  • How I view ___________ and _______
  • ____________ will _______________
  • affect my ____________________.

109
Multi-sensory Imagery
  • The most powerful force you possess is
  • your ____________________!
  • If you _____________ an ____________ intensely
    enough and long enough, it will become real in
    your life.
  • ________________ is the gateway to your
    subconscious mind.

110
A Six-Step Method for Impromptu Speaking
  • Listen
  • Focus on the question
  • Take your timedont rush
  • If possible, choose a central idea
  • If not, begin to speak free associate
  • then pick central idea
  • 5. Develop body of speech
  • 6. Conclude strongly

111
Strategy for Table Topics Contest
  • Mental Conditioning
  • Command/Presence
  • Loosey Goosey
  • Connection with audience
  • Irrelevance of speaking order
  • Complete speech Opening, Body, Close
  • Use of time

112
Evaluation Contest
  • Excelling at
  • Listening, Thinking, Speaking

113
Evaluation Winners
  • Sit in strategic position
  • Listen carefully
  • Follow a system for note taking
  • Have a caring attitude
  • Harp on the positive
  • Show how to improve
  • Suggest, dont command
  • Give encouraging summation

114
A Template for Oral Evals.
  • See Dilips system (handout).

115
Mock Evaluation Contest
  • Lets Learn by Doing!

116
Discussion
117
Keys to Winning Speech Contests
118
Its All About the Listeners
  • Audience Analysis
  • Local to Global
  • Club to WCPS
  • Consult
  • Research (Dana Lamon 1992)
  • Content that is
  • Relevant
  • Significant
  • Engaging

119
Translating Audience Analysis
  • Topics relevance
  • Topics significance
  • Stories
  • Examples
  • Cultural connotations
  • Gestures
  • Word choice
  • Choice of clothing

120
Continuous Improvement
  • Communication works for those who work at it.
  • -- John Powell
  • Sources for Improvement
  • TM Club/manual speeches
  • Conferences/Seminars
  • Speaking outside club
  • Books/CDs/DVDs/Tapes
  • Coaching
  • Observing/studying speech contests

121
People Who Win Usually
  • Have the most FUN!

122
The Source of True Fun!
  • Loving what you do
  • Continuously improving
  • Caring for the audience
  • Giving value
  • Gratitude for the privilege of the platform

123
Two Departing Gifts
  • You become what you think about
  • - Earl Nightingale
  • 2. What you think about expands.
  • - Wayne Dyer
About PowerShow.com