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LE SACRE DU PRINTEMPS

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Title: LE SACRE DU PRINTEMPS


1
LE SACRE DU PRINTEMPS
2
The Famous Riot
  • Who?
  • The Paris audience
  • What?
  • The most famous riot in musical history
  • When?
  • May 29, 1913
  • Where?
  • Theatre des Champs-Elysees, Paris
  • Why?

3
Who?
  • The audience at the premiere of Stravinskys The
    Rite of Spring - all dressed in their finery,
    yelling, screaming, slapping and punching each
    other.

4
What?
  • This was the most famous riot in musical history
    and it was probably caused by the Nijinskys
    choreography.
  • Le Sacre was last on the program following
  • Les Sylphides
  • Le Spectre de la Rose
  • Polovtsian Dances

5
Why?
  • Audience riots were fairly common in Paris
  • Nijinskys choreography, which was described by
    Stravinsky asa group of knock-kneed and
    long-braided Lolitas jumping up and down
  • The opening of the work, an absurdly high bassoon
    passage

6
Why?
  • Most of the music could not be heard
  • Stravinsky left his seat and went backstage
  • Nijinsky was standing on a chair shouting numbers
    to the dancers who couldnt hear him
  • Diaghilev was turning the lights off and on

7
Background
  • Stravinsky was born in St. Petersburg, Russia on
    June 17, 1882
  • possibly the greatest composer in the 20th
    century
  • He achieved this stature after composing three
    ballets
  • Firebird (1910)
  • Petroushka (1911)
  • Le Sacre du Printemps (1913)

8
Background
  • Stravinsky was an unknown composer
  • A 1908 composition, Fireworks , attracted the
    attention of Serge Diaghilev (impresario of the
    Ballet Russe)
  • Diaghilev introduced the Paris audience to the
    Ballets Russes in 1908

9
Igor Stravinskyb. June 17, 1882
  • The Ballets Russes became the center of the
    avant-garde with ballets by
  • Debussy
  • Falla
  • Stravinsky
  • Prokofiev
  • Ravel
  • and scenery and costumes by
  • Pablo Picasso
  • Leon Bakst
  • and chorography by
  • Nijinsky
  • Karsavina
  • Stravinsky in 1915

10
Igor Stravinsky
  • Stravinsky at 88
  • died in 1971

11
le sacre du printemps
  • 1913
  • Scenes of Pagan Russia

12
Le sacre du printemps
  • scored for large orchestra
  • percussion
  • dissonance
  • primitivism
  • polyrhythm
  • polytonality

13
The Orchestra
  • Five times the normal number of woodwinds
  • Eight horns
  • Five trumpets
  • Three trombones
  • Two tubas
  • Assorted percussion
  • Strings

14
The Rhythm
  • Heavy, relentless, earth-stamping, subversive
  • Earthquake-like power
  • The entire orchestra is used as a percussion
    instrument

15
The Harmony
  • Superimposed chords - one key in the left hand,
    another in the right

16
The sound
  • Only about half the work is taken up with
    thunderous, earth-pounding rhythms, the remainder
    is mostly exotic and evocative
  • The Rite is one of the 50 or so works that
    changed the course of music

17
The Rite of Spring
  • the score is in two parts
  • The Adoration of the Earth
  • opens with a solo in the high register of the
    bassoon
  • The Sacrifice
  • a complete departure from symphonic development
  • Conductor at the premier wasPierre Monteux

18
Questions
  • What are the names of the three important ballets
    by Stravinsky?
  • Firebird, Petrushka, The Rite of Spring
  • Which of the three ballets caused a riot?
  • The Rite of Spring
  • What nationality is Stravinsky?
  • Russian
  • Who was the impresario of the Ballet Russe?
  • Diaghilev

19
Questions
  • Who was the famous orchestra conductor who
    arranged The Rite of Spring for Fantasia ?
  • Stokowsky
  • What is the literary basis for The Rite of Spring
    ?
  • The fertility of the earth
  • The use of several rhythmic patterns at the same
    time is called
  • polyrhythm

20
Questions
  • Who did Nadezhda von Meck hire to play the music
    of Tchaikovsky for her?
  • Debussy
  • Name two of the most significant classical music
    compositions of Western Art.
  • Some Answers
  • Monteverdis Orfeo
  • Bachs Brandenburg Concertos
  • Beethovens 3rd Symphony
  • Debussy Prelude to The Afternoon of a Faun
  • Stravinskys Rite of Spring
  • The artist who painted Sunrise, an Impression
    was
  • Monet

21
Questions
  • The two movements that ushered in the 20th
    century were
  • Post-romanticism and Impressionism
  • Where was the Impressionistic style cultivated?
  • Paris
  • What is unusual about the opening of Debussys
    Prelude to The Afternoon of a Faun?
  • It opens with a flute solo in the lower register
  • How did Debussy record his piano music?
  • On piano rolls

22
Igor Stravinskyb. June 17, 1882
  • born in St. Petersburg, Russia
  • possibly the greatest composer in the 20th
    century
  • achieved this stature after composing these three
    ballets
  • Firebird (1910)
  • Petroushka (1911)
  • Le Sacre du Printemps (1913)
  • Became the new leader of modernism
  • knew Debussy and played the original 4-hand
    version of Sacre with him

23
Igor Stravinskyb. June 17, 1882
  • not noticed as a remarkable child talent
  • father a bass singer in St. Pete opera
  • law student until age 23
  • knew and studied with Rimsky-Korsakov
  • 1908 composition Fireworks attracted the
    attention of Serge Diaghilev (impresario of the
    Ballet Russe)
  • Diaghilev introduced the Paris audience to the
    Ballets Russes in 1908

24
Igor Stravinskyb. June 17, 1882
  • 1910 - commissioned Stravinsky to compose a
    ballet on the Firebird legend
  • composed the score in short order
  • premiered June 25, 1910 and became very popular
    (much to Ss disgust)
  • an example of Russian Nationalism
  • S. changed style after writing these three
    ballets
  • became pointed, precise, and Neo-Classical
  • Ss music is not meant to please an audience or
    to arouse any passions - it lacks all the right
    elements

25
Igor Stravinskyb. June 17, 1882
  • an expatriate Russian (he did not return to
    Russia until 1962 - and then only for a visit)
  • Switzerland 1914-1920
  • France 1920-1939 (became a French citizen in
    1934)
  • United States 1939 until his death (became a
    citizen in 1945) lived in Hollywood
  • represented a complete break with romanticism
  • he said that it was not musics job to express
    anything Composers combine notes. That is all.
  • the symbol of progressiveness in music until the
    end of WW II

26
Igor Stravinskyb. June 17, 1882
  • after WW II began to compose serialized music
    much to the disgust of his followers
  • Stravinsky in 1950
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