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Unleashing Inclusive Innovation

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Title: Unleashing Inclusive Innovation


1
Unleashing Inclusive Innovation
Entrepreneurship Addressing Poor Disadvantaged
in Asia presentation by Dinesh
Awasthi Director Entrepreneurship Development
Institute of India Ahmedabad (India)
in Regional Workshop on Promoting Innovation
and Entrepreneurship in Asia held on 3 6
October 2007 Organised by infoDev CRC at
Hanoi University of Technology, Vietnam
2
ABOUT EDI
3
The Global Scenario
  • There is a surge in the attempts to integrate
    developing countries in the world economic order.
  • However, developing countries not able to take
    advantage of the situation not due to lack of
    natural resources but human resources. Digital
    divide glaring.
  • Poverty and unemployment pose serious problems in
    developing countries.
  • The growth has to be inclusive by mainstreaming
    poor
  • Promotion of Innovation, Technology and
    Entrepreneurship has the potential to offer a
    solution

4
WHY PROMOTE ENTREPRENEURSHIP?
Taxes/Govt. Revenues
Poverty Alleviation
Innovations
EMPLOYMENT INCOME GENERATION
WEALTH GENERATION
ENTERPRISES
Exports
ENTREPRENEURS
5
SOURCES OF ENTREPRENEURIAL SUPPLY
1. AUTONOMOUS
2. INDUCED
6
AUGMENTING ENTREPRENEURIAL SUPPLY
THROUGH INDUCEMENT
  • POLICY INTERVENTION
  • TRAINING INTERVENTION

- PROVISIONING OF BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT SERVICES
7
Can Entrepreneurs be created?
Experiences indicate that
  • latent entrepreneurial potential (desire to do
    better,
  • urge to make a break and in such form) is
    quite wide
  • spread even among youths and people at large
  • enough business opportunities exist in both
    rural
  • and urban areas and,
  • this potential can be developed/strengthened
  • through appropriate training-cum-counseling
  • interaction and linking the person with a
    viable
  • business opportunity.

8
THE EDP INPUTS AND THEIR FOCUS
THE EDP INPUTS AND THEIR FOCUCS
Motivation and Behavioural Inputs
Reinforcement of Entrepreneurial Traits
Entrepreneur
Facilitation of Decision-making Process to Set up
New Venture
Business Opportunity Guidance, Information,
Project Planning Inputs and Technical Inputs
Enterprise Establishment
Successful and Profitable Operation of an
Enterprise
Managerial Inputs
Enterprise Management
9
Background
As a part of Indias support to the Initiative
for ASEAN Integration (IAI), Government of India
proposed to set up Entrepreneurship Development
Centres in the new member countries of ASEAN viz.
Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam (known as
CLMV countries)
10
Locations of the Centres
  • Lao PDR-India Entrepreneurship Development
    Centre (LIEDC) at Vientiane.
  • Cambodia-India Entrepreneurship Development
    Centre (CIEDC) at Phnom Penh
  • Vietnam-India Entrepreneurship Development Centre
    (VIEDC) at Hanoi.
  • MyanmarIndia Entrepreneurship Development Centre
    (MIEDC) at Yangon and,
  • Uzbekistan-India Entrepreneurship Development
    Center, Tashkent

11
Vision Statement
  • The Centres will spearhead entrepreneurship
    development movement in the CLMV Countries and
    become centres of excellence for creating
    competent, competitive and resilient, indigenous
    entrepreneurs in the emerging global competitive
    environment.

12
Inauguration of VIEDC
13
Achievements so far
  • Total number of programs 78
  • No participants trained 2930.
  • No of new trainers trained 5
  • No of NECPs participants 2 Progs. 49
    participants
  • No. of new enterprises created 24

14
Use Of ICT In Empowering Poor The Indian
Experience
  • The role of ICT is seen catalytic in poverty
    reduction by leveraging income generation
    opportunities, improved access to health,
    education, information, good governance and
    promoting democracy, in India.

15
Key Segments
  • Providing Informational Services
  • Transactional Services and Enhancement of
    Livelihoods
  • Using eGovernance to strengthen democracy by
    making governance more transparent, accountable,
    inclusive and efficient
  • Providing Integrated Services

16
Informational Services
  • Mahiti Shakti Kendra (MSK), Panchmahal
  • MSSRF Info Village Centers, Pondicherry
  • Community Radio-Deccan Development Society
  • Community Radio KMVS
  • DHAN Foundation
  • Vidyal Information Service Provider,
    Tiruchirapalli

17
ICT for Livelihoods Transactional Services
  • ITC eChaupal
  • Drishti dot.com Ltd.
  • Kuppam i-community
  • Akshaya-Kerala
  • GRAMDOOT
  • N-Logue Communications, Madurai
  • VIDEO SEWA (www.kutchcraft.org www.sewamart.com)

18
Transforming Governance through eGovernance
  • Gyandoot, Jaipur
  • Bhoomi
  • E-Panchayat Ramachandrapuram
  • APOnline
  • Bellandur Gram Panchayat (Village Council)
    Computer System
  • CARD Hyderabad
  • Gyandoot, Dhar

19
Providing Integrated Services
  • HP iCommunity (Kuppam-AP)
  • LOKMITRA, HP
  • N-Logue, Madurai
  • SETU Integrated Citizen Facilitation Centre,
    Maharashtra
  • e-Seva, Hyderabad
  • E-BillPost e-Post Service (PT)
  • Municipal Administration Software. Goa

20
Major Types of Services Provided
  • Utility (electricity, water, telephone) bills
  • Property tax and Sales tax
  • Registration and issue of birth/death,
    encumbrance, caste, nativity certificates
  • New/renewal of trade and other licenses
  • Change of address, renewal of driving license
  • Procedures and formalities of govt. registrations
  • Reservation of bus/train tickets
  • Government Applications

21
Major
Types of Services Provided Contd
  • Internet Services
  • ATMs
  • Tele medicine
  • Agricultural Market prices
  • TELE Communication
  • Weather Information
  • Web marketing and Tele marketing
  • Complaints and grievance redressal
  • Computer skills training
  • Web based training and skill formation
  • Distance, on-line education

22
Key Features
  • Good model of PPP
  • Entrepreneurship Private Sector Development
  • Policy Framework put in place before launching
    such initiatives
  • Government open to transparency and
    accountability
  • Self sustaining and sustainable

23
What Isnt Working?
  • Absence of useful content
  • Lack of awareness among users
  • Inadequate operator selection and training
  • Segments of population some times excluded
  • Government resistance to eGovernence
  • Lack of realistic financial model
  • Infrastructure and hardware problems

24
USEFUL REFERENCES
  • ICTD/UNDP, ICT for Development Case Studies
    from India (July, 2004)
  • Asia Pacific Research Center NIC, Enabling ICT
    for Rural India (Nov. 2005)
  • Roger Harris Rajesh Rajora, Empowering the
    Poor ICT for Governance and Poverty Reduction,
    UNDP-APDIP ICT4D Series (2006)

25
Thank you
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