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Information Ethics Current and Future Research Areas

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The concept of ethics as reflection on morality is ... 'flourishing ethics' ... Different cultures 'can provide a conductive context for human flourishing. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Information Ethics Current and Future Research Areas


1
Information Ethics Current and Future Research
Areas
  • Rafael Capurro
  • Steinbeis-Transfer-Institute Information Ethics
    (STI-IE)
  • http//sti-ie.de
  • Lecture at the Division of Information and
    Library Studies
  • Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University
  • Brno, Czech Republic
  • June 2, 2009

2
Content
  • Introduction
  • Foundational Issues
  • Current Research Areas
  • Conclusion Forthcoming Topics
  • Bibliography

3
Introduction
  • The concept of ethics as reflection on morality
    is widely accepted among philosophers going back
    to Aristotle as the founder of ethics (or ethiké
    belonging to philosophia praktiké) as an academic
    discipline. Constructivists such as Niklas
    Luhmann underline the critical function of
    ethical theory with regard to morality (or ethos).

4
Introduction
  • Information ethics evolved out of computer
    science but has also roots in the library and
    information science field.
  • The University of Pittsburgh and Kent State
    University are among the US pioneers (Froehlich
    2004).

5
Introduction
  • In the last ten years or so a plethora of
    international conferences have taken place and
    the number of scientific publications has
    dramatically increased.

6
Introduction
  • Specialized journals
  • Journal of Information Ethics
  • The ETHICOMP Journal
  • Ethics and Information Technology
  • Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics
    in Society
  • International Review of Information Ethics
  • International Journal of Internet Research Ethics
  • International Journal of Technology and Human
    Interaction
  • Journal of Computer Mediated Communication

7
Introduction
  • Professional societies such as
  • INSEIT (International Society for Ethics and
    Information Technology)
  • ICIE (International Center for Information
    Ethics)
  • Center of Excellence for Ethics and Technology
    (The Netherlands)
  • as well as IE networks in Africa, Asia and Latin
    America have contributed to the development of
    information ethics as a professional research
    field together with courses in universities
    world-wide.

8
Introduction
  • UNESCO conferences on social, ethical and legal
    aspects of the Information Society since 1998.
  • World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS)
    2003 and 2005.

9
Introduction
  • CATaC Conferences organized by Charles Ess and
    Fay Sudweeks since 1998.
  • ETHICOMP Conferences organized by Simon Rogerson
    since 1995.
  • CEPE conferences (since 1997).
  • ICIE Conference 2004 the first international
    conference addressing explicitly information
    ethics from an intercultural perspective.
  • The Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics
    international conference 2005 (forth.2010).

10
The Foundational Debate
  • Charles Ess
  • avoiding imperialistic homogenization while
    preserving the irreducible differences between
    cultures and people
  • Western Ethics and Confucian thought resonance
    and harmony
  • pros hen robust pluralism
  • Between irreducibility and complementarity

11
The Foundational Debate
  • Toru Nishigaki
  • The Western idea of a coherent self and the
    Buddhist questionning of this idea.
  • The Western search for universal values and the
    doing away of conventional or universal
    interpretations of the meanings of words in ZEN.
  • Cognition as representation vs. enactment of
    the history of actions of a subject in the world
  • Ethics as observer-dependent reflection on moral
    norms (fundamental informatics).

12
The Foundational Debate
  • Terrell Ward Bynum
  • flourishing ethics
  • Basic principles freedom, equality and
    benevolence, minimum infringement of freedom.
  • Maximize the opportunities of all humans to
    exercise their autonomy.
  • Different cultures can provide a conductive
    context for human flourishing.

13
The Foundational Debate
  • Luciano Floridi
  • the quest for an ethics of/for the infosphere
  • Different clases of information entities
  • onto-centric ethics
  • Various degrees of intrinsic value
  • Various leels of moral respect (from a customer
    profile through netiquette and human dignity)

14
Current Research Areas
  • (See Himma/Tavani 2008)
  • Theoretical Issues of Property, Privacy,
    Anonymity, and Security
  • Professional Issues
  • Library Profession
  • Free and Open Source
  • Internet Research Ethics
  • Health Information Technology
  • Information and Business Ethics

15
Current Research Areas
  • Responsibility Issues and Risk Assessment
  • Responsibilities for Information on the Internet
  • Virtual Reality and Computer Simulation
  • Genetic Information
  • The Ethics of Cyber Conflict

16
Current Research Areas
  • Regulatory Isues and Challenges
  • Internet Governance
  • Information Overload
  • Email Spam
  • Plagiarims
  • Intellectual Property

17
Current Research Areas
  • Access and Equity Issues
  • Censorship
  • Gender Agenda
  • Digital Divide
  • Intercultural Information Ethics

18
Conclusion
  • Forthcoming topics
  • Surveillance society
  • Convergent Technologies (Nano, Bio, Info, Cogno)
  • Robotics
  • Ubiquitous Computing
  • E-Waste
  • ICT-Implants and Enhancements

19
Bibliography
  • Capurro, R. (2008) On Floridis Metaphysical
    Foundation of Information Ecology. Ethics and
    Information Technology, Vol. 10, No. 2-3,
    167-173. http//www.capurro.de/floridi.html
  • Capurro, R. (2008) Intercultural Information
    Ethics. Foundations and applications. Journal of
    Information, Communication Ethics in Society,
    Vol. 6, No. 2, 116-126. http//www.capurro.de/iieb
    angkok.html
  • Capurro, R., Frühbauer, J., Hausmanninger, Th.
    (Eds.) (2007), Localizing the Internet ethical
    aspects in intercultural perspective. Munich
    Fink
  • Capurro, R. (2007) Intercultural Information
    Ethics. In Rafael Capurro, Johannes Frühbauer,
    Thomas Hausmanninger (Eds.) Localizing the
    Internet. Ethical Aspects in Intercultural
    Perspective. ICIE Series, Munich Fink, pp.
    21-38. http//www.capurro.de/iie.html
  • Froehlich, Thomas J. (2004) A brief history of
    information ethics. Textos universitaris de 
    bibliioteconomia i documentació, 3.
    http//www.ub.es/bid/13froel2.htm
  • Himma, K.E. and Tavani, H.T. (Eds.) (2008) The
    Handbook of Information and Computer Ethics.
    Hoboken, New Jersey Wiley Sons.
  • Hongladarom, S. and Ess, Ch. (Eds.) (2007)
    Information Technology Ethics Cultural
    Perspectives. Hershey PA and London Idea Group
    Reference.
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