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Watergate and American Journalism

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Raymond Bonner reported on death squads in El Salvador the New York Times fired him ... The New York Times' Seymour Hersh was nearly fired for reporting on CIA ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Watergate and American Journalism


1
Watergate and American Journalism
  • By Kelli Daffron

2
Product
  • This student worked with a committee after school
    to do a school newspaper for her product. Her
    mentor was a journalist.

3
Watergate Overview
  • GOP burglars caught in Watergate Hotel DNC
    headquarters in June of 1972
  • Reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein
    investigated for the Washington Post
  • Woodstein traced case up into the White House
    to Nixon himself

4
Woodsteins Sources
  • Director of White House communications and former
    Post reporter, Ken Clawson
  • White House sources
  • Committee to Reelect the President (CRP) members
    and officials
  • Deep Throat (former FBI Associate Director, W.
    Mark Felt)

5
Government Cover-ups
  • CRP members put under close watch to prevent
    leaks
  • Documents shredded and burned
  • Key testifiers beat up before testimony
  • Witnesses not called
  • 18½ minute gap on one of Nixons subpoenaed taped
    conversations

6
Motivation behind Watergate
  • Tap the Office of Governors outside phone line
  • Secretary Ida Wells believed to be involved in
    call-girl ring
  • Dig up dirt!

7
Americas Journalistic History
  • Founding- government run newspapers
  • Late 1800s to early 1900s- sensationalism
  • Late 1970s to present- rise of the Patriotic
    Journalist

8
The Government on the Government
  • Jay, Madison, and Hamilton composed the
    Federalist Papersgovernment propaganda to help
    ratify the Constitution
  • Madison is considered the father of the
    Constitution

9
Sensationalism
  • Late 1800s and early 1900s, Joseph Pulitzer and
    William Hearst invent sensationalism
  • Hearst twisted sources to evoke support for the
    Spanish-American Wara.k.a. Mr. Hearsts War
  • Yellow Journalism

10
The Patriotic Journalist
  • Daniel Schorr leaks Pike Report to Village
    VoiceCBS fired him
  • Raymond Bonner reported on death squads in El
    Salvadorthe New York Times fired him
  • Delayed US discovery of the Iran-Contra affair

11
Shocking Journalism
  • The New York Times Seymour Hersh was nearly
    fired for reporting on CIA plots to kill foreign
    leaders and FBI harassment of civil rights
    leaders in the 1970s

12
The Iran-Contra Affair
  • 1981Reagan administration began covertly funding
    Nicaraguan rebels
  • Funds raised by selling arms to Iran
  • Lebanese magazine Ash-Shiraa is the first to
    report on the affair

13
Who is to Blame?
  • Government has little control over the press
  • The Supreme Court has supported the press
  • People depend upon the media to uncover illegal
    operations
  • Controversy sells. . . Right?

14
An Ironic Twist
  • Owners, editors, and publishers restrict material
    for fear of the publics backlash
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