# How close is too close - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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## How close is too close

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### The reactions people have when their personal space is invaded. ... Intimate space, for whispering and hugging, is about eighteen inches around your ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How close is too close

1
How close is too close?
The reactions people have when their personal
Grade 7 Science 7 Period E Gaia
Mattossovich Mekeila Watkins
2
Abstract
• The topic of our project was to test the
reactions of people when their personal space was
invaded. In order to complete this project we
went to the mall during the weekends when the
people were more relaxed. Then we stood five to
fifteen centimeters close to fifteen complete
strangers for about twenty seconds or until
reacted. Later we recorded their reactions. We
recorded our observations by taking notes and
pictures. Then we repeated the experiment in four
other malls with sixty-five other people, twice.

3
Abstract Continued
• We repeated the experiment with five people we
know at school, two times since they are our
controlled group. Then we surveyed twenty people
at the shopping mall at the weekends twice,
asking them how they think they would react if
someone invaded their personal space. We did this
to compare the results with the other test
subjects. After we finished our field test we
analyzed the results and drew our conclusions.

4
Abstract Continued
• Our hypothesis is if one stands very close to a
complete stranger, the stranger will ignore him
or her at first, and then the stranger will feel
uncomfortable and slowly move away.
• Our project was a field and research project.
We went out in the field (shopping mall) and
researched by standing next to people or
surveying them and recorded the data by writing
their reactions and taking pictures.

5
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6
Background Continued
• There are four types of personal spaces.
Intimate space, for whispering and hugging, is
space, for talking with close friends and family,
is about eighteen inches to four feet. Social
space, for talking with acquaintances, is four to
ten feet. Public space, for talking to strangers,
is ten to twenty feet. In our project we will be
standing in the intimate zone of 160 strangers to
see exactly how they will react when their

7
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8
Background Continued
• Personal space also depends on the gender of the
people. Some train cars are designed for women
only to avoid having men enter their personal
space. Usually the personal space bubble is
larger for two men than for two women. If you are
more outgoing, your bubble will be smaller than
the bubble of a shy person. Reactions when
personal space is invaded may include intense eye
contact, going rigid, becoming uncomfortable,
pulling back, acting busy, and ignoring the
person.

9
Purpose
• The purpose of this experiment is to find out how
people react to strangers invading their personal
space. By doing this project, it will be possible
to also find out if one is invading someone's
personal space and how to adjust his or her
distance.

Japanese
North American
European
10
• Our hypothesis is if one stands very close to a
complete stranger, the stranger will ignore him
or her at first, and then the stranger will feel
uncomfortable and slowly move away.

11
Materials
• One hundred and ninety strangers
• Park Shopping, Pier 21, Patio Brasil, Brasilia
Shopping, Conjunto Nacional
• Controlled Group- ten people we know
• Pencil
• Notebook
• Pen
• Digital Camera
• Laptop
• Forty surveys

12
Methodology
• Get pencil, notebook, pen, surveys, and digital
camera
• Go to the mall
• Prepare camera
• Stand close to fifteen complete strangers
• Record observations by taking notes and pictures

• Give surveys to four strangers
• Repeat steps four to seven in four other
different malls with different subjects, twice.

13
Methodology Continued
• 9. Draw Conclusions
• 10. Edit pictures
• 11. Make poster

14
Bibliography
• http//www.cignabehavioral.com/web/basicsite/bulle
tinBoard/personalSpace.jsp
• http//www.friends-partners.org/oldfriends/spbweb/
lifestyl/122/how.html
• http//www.realsimple.com/realsimple/gallery/0,218
63,1195792,00.html
• http//www.salon.com/health/feature/1999/09/01/per
sonal_space/index.html
• http//www.wikipedia.org
• http//www.worsleyschool.net/socialarts/personal/s
pace.html

15
P
ersonal Space Protect-O-Matic