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1
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN HYDROCARBONS
EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION IN PERU
TECHNICAL PRESENTATION
February, 2008
2
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN HYDROCARBONS
EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION IN PERU
AREAS UNDER STUDY ONSHORE AND OFFSHORE BASINS
PERU
January, 2008
3
EXPLORATION OPPORTUNITIES ONSHORE AND OFFSHORE
BASINS PERU
Elmer Martinez G Senior Geophysicist
Coordinator Justo Fernandez C. Senior
Geologist Ysabel Calderon Geologist Carlos
Galdos Geophysicist Wilber Hermoza Structural
Geologist
Geological Geophysical Evaluations
Group Exploration Management
February, 2008
4
  • AGENDA
  • Introduction
  • Hydrocarbons Overview
  • Onshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Maranon Basin
  • Titicaca Basin
  • Offshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Lima Basin
  • Pisco Basin
  • Summary

5
  • AGENDA
  • Introduction
  • Hydrocarbons Overview
  • Onshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Maranon Basin
  • Titicaca Basin
  • Offshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Lima Basin
  • Pisco Basin
  • Summary

6
HC PRODUCTION PERU LIQUIDS NEAR 120,000 BPD
OIL
MAINLY CAMISEA
CONDENSATES
NOV 06
NOV 07
7
HC PRODUCTION PERU GAS 255 MMCFD
CAMISEA
2004
2000
2008
8
  • HC PRODUCTION
  • 1. Talara Tumbes Basins
  • Onshore
  • Offshore
  • 2. Maranon Ucayali Basins
  • 3. Titicaca Basin
  • Abandoned Pirin Oil Field

Lancones
Sechura
Trench
Titicaca Basin
NAZCA RIDGE
9
SOUTH AMERICAN PLATE
MAJOR TECTONIC FEATURES
Lancones
Sechura
Trench
NAZCA PLATE
Titicaca Basin
NAZCA RIDGE
10
YELLOW AREAS REPRESENT OPEN ACREAGE IN
SEDIMENTARY BASINS
11
  • AGENDA
  • Introduction
  • Hydrocarbon Overview
  • Onshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Maranon Basin
  • Titicaca Basin
  • Offshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Lima Basin
  • Pisco Basin
  • Summary

12
  • HYDROCARBON PLAY
  • REGIONAL EXTENSION
  • PERMIAN-JURASSIC EOLIAN SANDSTONES

13
Camisea Reservoirs K AND Pre-K
COPACABANA
COPACABANA
UPP. PERMIAN JUR?
14
CAMISEA MAIN RESERVOIRS Longitudinal
Dunes Permian Noi Fm
3D SEISMIC
CHUNG, et. al. (2006)
Spectral Decomposition, 27Hz
15
Present day Longitudinal Dunes SAHARA DESERT
CAMISEA Longitudinal Dunes Permian Noi Fm
CHUNG, et. al. (2006)
16
Nombre del Capítulo 2
Regional Distribution Camisea type Eolian
Reservoirs Outcrops Wells
ORELLANA
  • Ucayali
  • Marañon South
  • Titicaca

CAMISEA
Titicaca Basin
17
Camisea type Eolian Reservoirs SW Maranon Basin,
Cushabatay Mts.
Field Trip, Perupetro 2001
18
TITICACA BASIN Permian Eolian sands Camisea age
(Field trip Perupetro, 2006)
19
SAHARA DESERT
20
PRODUCTION PIPELINE INFRASTRUCTURE
16 252 Km 24 MBPD
24 306Km 16 MBPD
36 548 Km
21
  • AGENDA
  • Introduction
  • Hydrocarbon Overview
  • Onshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Maranon Basin
  • Titicaca Basin
  • Offshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Lima Basin
  • Pisco Basin
  • Summary

22
OIL PRODUCTION, LICENSEES AND OPEN AREAS
ITT
PIPELINES
ANDOAS
BAYOVAR
23
PETROLEUM SYSTEMS SOURCE ROCKS
24
West Maranon Basin
25
MARANON BASIN
  • Over 1.7 Million ha
  • Open Area
  • 2D Seismic
  • 2,000 Km, mainly 1970-1975
  • all SEG-Y

WEST MARANON BASIN
SOLIMOES BASIN
26
HYDROCARBON OCCURRENCES
27
HC PLAYS
TWO PROVEN PS
THREE UNTESTED PLAYS
Eolian ss
Callanayacu
28
POTENTIAL SITUCHE PLAY
  • SITUCHE AREA BLOCK 64
  • CENTRAL SANTIAGO BASIN, BLOCK 116

29
SITUCHE PLAY
  • Situche Fault system
  • Extensional tectonics contemporaneous with
    Cretaceous and early Tertiary deposition.

FLAT ON POZO
Vivian
30
  • PUCARA PLAY 1
  • JURASSIC PUCARA SELF-CONTAINED PS
  • SHANUSI WELL DRILLED IN 1974
  • GAS COND SHOWS TOP 17M PUCARA

31
  • PUCARA PLAY 1
  • Amplitude anomalies near top and base Pucara Group

32
SEISMIC AND LEADS
Conventional Cretaceous Play
64
33
NE Maranon Basin
34
IQUITOS ARCH MARANON FOREBULGE
35
THE IQUITOS ARCH
  • The forebulge of the foreland basin
  • The ultimate focus of hydrocarbon migration and
    entrapment in the basin

36
  • SIX HEAVY OIL DISCOVERIES 11-21º API
  • THREE EACH Co.
  • Barrett in the late 90s in block 67..
  • Reserves 1,900 MMB OOIP
  • Production plan in initial development stage
  • Repsol in 2005-2006 in block 39

37
HEAVY OIL PIPELINE INFRASTRUCTURE INITIAL
DEVELOPMENT THROUGH NORTH BRANCH
38
PROVEN CRETACEOUS PS
TERTIARY
VIVIAN
CHONTA
CRETACEOUS
Reservoir rock
Source rock
Seal rock
39
STRATIGRAPHIC LEADS TWO River Seismic Line
Open area
Onlap of Pozo Shale Sand onto Basement
Onlap of Cretaceous onto Basement
40
SE Maranon Basin
41
  • 2D seismic
  • 600Km, SEG-Y
  • Wildcats Two
  • Yarina 2X
  • (TD Basement)
  • Maranon 110X
  • (TD Contaya)

SOLIMOES BASIN
3. SE MARANON BASIN
42
CROSS SECTION- SE MARAÑON BASIN
Paleozoic Truncation
Datum
43
TWO PETROLEUM SYSTEMS1. JURASSIC2. PALEOZOIC
SAME DEVONIAN PETROLEUM SYSTEM SOLIMOES BASIN
Historic Play
44
PERMIAN RESERVOIRS
PK41 Ene,Copacabana and Cabanillas truncation
CRET
PALEOZ
45
  • AGENDA
  • Introduction
  • Hydrocarbon Overview
  • Onshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Maranon Basin
  • Titicaca Basin
  • Offshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Lima Basin
  • Pisco Basin
  • Summary

46
TITICACA BASIN
47
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48
PIRIN CRUDE OIL GEOCHEMISTRY
  • The Pirin oil
  • API 37- 40º
  • low sulphur, paraffinic,
  • not biodegraded

PIRIN OIL
49
(No Transcript)
50
Three wells drilled in the 90s based on
Extensional Tectonics
YA-41 (SIBOIL 2006)
51
Reinterpreted Stratigraphy of the Titicaca basin
Mesozoic
Paleozoic
(Hermoza, 2007)
52
PETROLEUM SYSTEMS2-3? PS, SOURCE ROCKS OF...
(Hermoza, 2007)
53
Potential Reservoirs Permian Eolian sands
Camisea age (Field trip Perupetro, 2006)
54
  • TWO MAJOR TECTONIC SETTINGS
  • Altiplano Fold Thrust Belt (Thin- Thick
  • Skin Tectonics)
  • Permian- Jurassic Inverted Rift System

(Hermoza, 2007)
55
ALTIPLANO FOLD THRUST BELT West Verging Thick
Thin Skin Tectonics Processing Balanced
Cross-Sections
Opposite to East Verging Sub-Andean Fold Thrust
Belt
56
  • AGENDA
  • Introduction
  • Hydrocarbon Overview
  • Onshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Maranon Basin
  • Titicaca Basin
  • Offshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Lima Basin
  • Pisco Basin
  • Summary

57
FOREARC PRODUCTION
  • TALARA BASIN HC PROVINCE
  • PRODUCTION
  • Cum. 1,500 MMBO
  • 2 TCF
  • MAINLY EOCENE,
  • LESS PALEOZOIC
  • PRESENT PRODUCTION
  • ONSHORE 22,400 BPD
  • OFFSHORE 12,100
  • REFINERY CAPACITY
  • 60,000 BOPD
  • UPGRADING IN PROCESS....

58
REGIONAL E-W CROSS SECTION TALARA BASIN
2005 San Pedro 1X light oil discovery Paleozoic
CRETACEOUS
TERTIARY
PALEOZOIC
CRISTALLINE BASEMENT
Hermoza, W.
59
(No Transcript)
60
STRATIGRAPHIC COLUMN PISCO LIMA BASINS
CENOZOIC
MESOZOIC
PALEOZOIC
PROTEROZOIC
Petrotech, 2005)
61
SOURCE ROCK-CARBONIFEROUS AMBO
62
TECTONIC FRAMEWORK SIMILAR TO TALARA BASIN
HYDROCARBON KITCHEN
Modeling Seismic Line 93-75 (South of Lima basin)
63
  • AGENDA
  • Introduction
  • Hydrocarbon Overview
  • Onshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Maranon Basin
  • Titicaca Basin
  • Offshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Lima Basin
  • Pisco Basin
  • Summary

64
  • 2D SEISMIC
  • 1,900 km 1973 to 1993
  • Partially SEG-Y
  • Being Vectorized
  • WILDCATS NONE

OCEANIC TRENCH
  • NO EXPLORATION WORK
  • ÁREA 3 MM Ha
  • Water depths 0-200-2000 m

65
TEXAS UNIVERSITY-PETROPERU, 1986Ocean Drilling
Program12 Shallow wells
  • WELL ODP-679
  • C1-C6
  • HIGH TOC
  • FLUORESCENCE AND OIL ODOR.
  • WELL ODP-682
  • HIGH ETHANE/METHANE CONTENT
  • EVIDENCE OF HYDRATES.

Well ODP-679
Well ODP-682
LIMA
PARACAS
66
LEADS
67
Two Leads, line 93-68
68
  • AGENDA
  • Introduction
  • Hydrocarbon Overview
  • Onshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Maranon Basin
  • Titicaca Basin
  • Offshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Lima Basin
  • Pisco Basin
  • Summary

69
2D SEISMIC -NORTH PISCO BASIN
  • 2D seismic 3,467 km
  • Wildcats, None
  • Onshore well Pisco 4-X-1 TD 400 M
  • Miocene overlying Cretaceous

70
ONSHORE GEOLOGY TIE WITH OFFSHORE SEQUENCES
EXTENSIONAL TECTONICS
75 W
Calderon, 2007
71
STRUCTURAL FRAMEWORK
NW and NE Oriented Extensional tectonic system
72
LEADS AND PROSPECTS
73
18 LEADS PROSPECTSPISCO BASIN
Z-33
74
  • AGENDA
  • Introduction
  • Hydrocarbon Overview
  • Onshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Maranon Basin
  • Titicaca Basin
  • Offshore Basins
  • Introduction
  • Lima Basin
  • Pisco Basin
  • Summary

75
SUMMARY ONSHORE BASINS
  • West MB
  • Within HC Kitchen
  • Potential Situche play
  • Three untested deep and shallow exploration plays
  • Conventional and heavy oil pipelines
  • Northeast MB
  • New stratigraphic play for heavy oil
  • Conventional four-way dip structures
  • Barret Heavy oil Pipeline, initial development
    stage
  • Potential resources in the billion-barrel range.

76
Summary...Onshore
  • Southeast MB
  • Extension of Devonian petroleum system of
    Brazilian Solimoes basin
  • Conventional Paleozoic leads with unknown
    potential
  • Titicaca Basin
  • Under-explored basin
  • High potential for hydrocarbon accumulations in
    two major tectonic settings
  • Permian eolian reservoirs, source rocks and
    numerous structural traps
  • Exploration costs lower than in sub-Andean basins

77
SUMMARY LIMA PISCO BASINS
  • Under-explored Basins, near Lima
  • Stratigraphy Extensional Structural Style
    Age Similar to Talara Basin
  • 5,500 Km 2D seismic
  • Main Petroleum System
  • SR Carb. Ambo (Camisea SR) in oil window
  • Eocene Sandstones, Porosity 20 to 34
  • Presence of Leads and Prospects

78
PROMOVIENDO HIDROCARBUROS, DESARROLLAMOS AL
PERÚ A WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITIES
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