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Twelfth Week

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Political changes 1908 through 1913: discussions of young people ... Characters: Michael, Emira, Flynn (Woody Harrelson), Nina (Marisa Tomei), Risto (Goran Vi njic) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Twelfth Week


1
Twelfth Week
  • Brian Hall, The Impossible Country A Journey
    through the Last Days of Yugoslavia

2
Study session
  • Wednesday, 630

3
Reading-Discussion Assignment
  • Hall, Part II Serbia
  • Ivo Andrics Bridge on the Drina (finish by
    Thursday)

4
On the Bridge This Week
  • Political changes 1908 through 1913 discussions
    of young people
  • Very verbal issues presented, argued, but no
    conclusions
  • Lotte time advances
  • Zorkas suitors
  • 1914 to the end

5
No Mans Land
  • Danis Tanovic, director
  • Three combattants Ciki and Cera (Bosniaks), and
    Nino (Bosnian Serb) Jane Livingstone (Katrin
    Cartlidge)

6
Welcome to Sarajevo
  • Directed by Michael Winterbottom
  • 1997 film
  • Characters Michael, Emira, Flynn (Woody
    Harrelson), Nina (Marisa Tomei), Risto (Goran
    Vinjic)

7
Theo Angelopoulos Ulysses Gaze
8
Background of Director
  • One of new directors of 60s
  • One of few to still be making films
  • Philosophy, metaphor, symbol difficult films
  • Most rooted in Greek history 1930s-70s

9
Background of Film
10
Ulysses Gaze 1996
  • Thematic source Homers Odyssey
  • Quest of A through the Balkans
  • Ambitious, thoughtful,
  • Excellent sound track music by Eleni Karaindrou

11
Greece 20th Century
12
The Quest (So Far)
  • Thessaloniki
  • Florina
  • Korytsa Korçë
  • Monastir Bitola
  • Plovdiv (Philipopoulos)

13
Greece
  • History of Film
  • Manakia brothers pioneers
  • Film in the Balkan
  • First scene from their work
  • Weavers in Avdella, a Greek village, 1905

14
The Brothers
  • Miltiades and Yannakis Manakia
  • Reenactment of one of them dying on the dock
  • Ethnic identity not a simple matter

15
Brothers in Bitola
16
Devices, strategies
  • Time shifting dock scene, past to present
  • Sudden shift in place Florina (northern Greece)
  • Controversial film showing
  • Dialogues, monologues sound like poetry
  • They often are T.S. Eliot (In my end is my
    beginning)

17
A
  • Name suggests first (first experiences, first
    gazes, innocence)
  • Greek-American director, returning to his
    homeland
  • Journey to find missing undeveloped reels of film
  • Sees same woman in variety of roles (Maia
    Morgenstern)
  • Mob scenes threatening, on brink of violence
    (something is wrong)

18
Woman with Multiple Roles
  • Related to Homers Odysseus
  • Penelope, Calypso (held Ulysses captive for 7
    years), Circe (sorceress), Nausicaa
  • Represents close human connections, human values
    in an inhuman world

19
On to Albania
  • Total anarchy
  • Old woman at the Albanian border references to
    Civil War (and sister)
  • Emigrants, poor refugees of the 1990s
  • Wasteland
  • Korçë (Korytsa)
  • Listen for Muslim prayer in background

20
On to Macedonia
  • Speech by taxi driver on dying Greece
  • Tossing the food frustration
  • Skopje FYRM
  • Why would he call it Skopje?
  • Bitola-Monastiri
  • Friendship again watch for the sincere human
    attachments

21
Names and Identities
  • Manakia, Manakis, Manaki
  • Korçë - Korytsa
  • Bitola Monastiri
  • Plovdiv-Phillipopoulos

22
Brothers identity
  • Born in Avdela, near Grevena, Greece
  • Village was Vlach (Vlah)
  • Moved to Bitola in 1905
  • Opened theater in Bitola in 1921
  • Yannakis died in Thessaloniki in 1954
  • Miltonides died in Bitola in 1964
  • Bitola large Vlach population

23
How is Identity Formed?
24
Who are the Vlachs?
25
Crossing Macedonia
26
The Bulgarian Border
  • Past and present WWI
  • Arrest and exile
  • Passing on to Plovdiv

27
Romania Constanta
  • Familyroots
  • Time WWII

28
Danube voyage
  • The statue of Lenin
  • Beograd

29
Hall
  • Why is the country impossible?
  • How do the young people he meets illustrate all
    this?
  • On to Serbia!

30
Options
  • Serb entrepeneur
  • History of Beograd
  • Sava and Drina divide between Rome and
    Constantinople
  • Danube
  • Nazi occupation

31
Church of St. Sava
32
Modern events
  • Borovo selo
  • Differing accounts
  • beginning of conflict
  • Vukovar major site of conflict
  • Objectivity?

33
Topics
  • St. Sava church
  • Serb-Croat hatred
  • Chetniks, Partisans, Ustashe
  • Serb-Jew affinities
  • Kosovo, oral epic
  • Tito and his memorials
  • Serbs and Americans disappointment

34
More Issues new
  • Krajina
  • Slovenia (Austrian affinities, national
    characteristics?)
  • Eurovision song contest

35
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40
Time Line
  • December 9, 1990 -- Miloevic elected president
    in Serbia's first multi-party election since
    World War II
  • May events
  • Borovo Selo incident
  • Yugoslavia to ratify new president of the
    Presidency (see Hall p. 45)
  • June 25, 1991 -- Croatia and Slovenia proclaim
    independence

41
Results of independence movements
  • June 1991 -- Yugoslav tanks fail to crush
    Slovenian independence. Fighting begins in
    Croatia between Croats and ethnic Serbs.
  • December 19, 1991 -- Rebel Serbs declare
    independence in Krajina region which makes up
    almost a third of Croatia.
  • December 1991 -- In Bosnia, the most ethnically
    mixed Yugoslav republic, Serb minority holds
    unofficial referendum opposing separation from
    Yugoslavia. Local Serb leaders proclaim new
    republic separate from Bosnia

42
1992-93
  • January 1992 -- U.N. forces enter Croatia and
    fighting subsides.
  • February 29 - March 1, 1992 -- Bosnia's Muslims
    and Croats vote for independence in referendum
    boycotted by Serbs.
  • April 6, 1992 -- War breaks out between Bosnian
    government and local Serbs, who start 1992-1995
    siege of capital Sarajevo.
  • January 1993 -- Bosnia peace efforts fail, war
    breaks out between Muslims and Croats, previously
    allied against Serbs.

43
Concert in Sarajevo
  • Vedran Smailovic
  • Bread line massacre in May 1992
  • 22 people killed
  • He played 22 days in front of the bakery to
    commemorate the victims
  • Albinonis Adagio in G Minor

44
1994-95
  • 1995 -- Two major thrusts by Croatian forces
    recover most of Serb-held territory and 150,000
    Serbs flee to Serbia.
  • November 21, 1995 -- Following NATO air strikes
    against Bosnian Serbs, Miloevic joins presidents
    of Bosnia and Croatia in peace agreement at
    U.S.-sponsored talks at Dayton, Ohio

45
Progress since 1995?
  • Divided Bosnia
  • ICTY indicts and convicts
  • 2003 EU takes over policing from UN
  • 2004 Peacekeeping handed over to EUFor
  • Bridge at Mostar rebuilt

46
Dayton Map
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