William Kritsonis, School Law, Ch 2 Copyright Law - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

William Kritsonis, School Law, Ch 2 Copyright Law

Description:

William Kritsonis, School Law, Ch 2 Copyright Law – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:352
Slides: 17
Provided by: Will1945
Category: Other

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: William Kritsonis, School Law, Ch 2 Copyright Law


1
Copyright Laws in the Public SchoolWilliam
Allan Kritsonis, PhD
2
What is copyright?
  • Copyright gives authors and publishers the legal
    right to control the reproduction of their work

3
The Law
  • The Federal Copyright Law is expressed in 17 USC
    101 ET. Seq. This law provides a copyright the
    moment something is put in tangible form.
  • The copyright affixes to the work the moment it
    is written on paper, saved on disk, painted on
    canvas, recorded on tape, or exposed to film.

4
1976 Revisions to the Lawand its effects on
teachers
  • The 1976 revised copyright law does not prohibit
    teachers from duplicating copyrighted material
    for classroom use.
  • Teachers may make a single copy for scholarly use
    for class preparation.
  • Teachers may make multiple copies for classroom
    use.

5
  • Teachers may copy a chapter from a book, a
    newspaper, magazine, a short story or a poem or
    chart, graph, diagram, cartoon, picture, and the
    like if the following conditions are met.

6
Conditions for Teachers
  • The copying is at the instance and inspiration of
    the teacher.
  • There is not sufficient time prior to use to
    request permission from the publisher.
  • The copying is only for one course in the school.
  • Each copy includes a notice of copyright as it
    appears in the book or periodical.

7
Complying with Copyright Guidelines School
Personnel May
  • Make multiple copies for classroom use of the
    following
  • 250 words or less of a poem
  • Complete prose works if lt2500 words
  • Excerpts of prose not exceeding 10
  • One chart, graph, diagram from a book
  • Up to 2 pages or 10 of a text

8
Complying with Copyright GuidelinesSchool
personnel May Not
  • Copy consumables such as workbooks or
    standardized test.
  • Copy items for use from term to term
  • Copy more than one poem, article, or essay by the
    same author, nor more than two excerpts from a
    collection.

9
Fair Use Clauses
  • Fair Use, as defined in the law, has certain
    aspects that apply to everyone and others that
    apply only to certain classes of use, such as in
    nonprofit schools.
  • Fair use is considered when copied materials are
    intended for the promotion of knowledge and
    scholarship.

10
Conditional Rights of Fair Use
  • The purpose and character of the use, including
    whether such use is of a commercial nature, or is
    for nonprofit educational purposes.
  • The nature of the copyrighted work.
  • The amount and substantiality of the portion used
    in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole.
  • The effect of the use upon the potential market
    for or value of the copyrighted work.

11
What is it called when violations occur?
  • Innocent infringement
  • Standard Infringement
  • Willful Infringement

12
Innocent Infringement
  • Unknowingly breaking copyright law
  • Example A teacher reads in a journal that an
    item has fallen into public domain and makes
    copies. In truth, the journal confused two items
    of similar titles.

13
Standard Infringement
  • Disregard to portions of the copyright
  • Example A librarian makes copies of an article
    for a class many months in advance without making
    any attempt to contact the copyright holder to
    obtain permission.

14
Willful Infringement
  • Direct intent to take advantage of copyright
    owner
  • Example A principal asks permission to reproduce
    copies of a journal article for the faculty and
    is denied. He makes the copies anyway without a
    reasonable basis to believe he did not need
    permission.

15
Liability in the Public School
  • Liability falls upon the individual who has
    infringed the copyright.
  • Technology Specialists and Librarians are held
    liable if acts of copyright infringements are
    known by them.
  • Principals are liable if it occurs on their
    campuses for they are the leaders of the building.

16
Copyright Myths
  • Ten big copyright myths are explained at
  • www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html
About PowerShow.com