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Human Development

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Characteristics of person being copied. Cultural variations in how media is used ... Human behavior as a complex system works like other complex systems (weather, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Human Development


1
Human Development
  • Study of change

2
Characteristics of this area of study
  • Study of change over time
  • Realistic because of impermanent nature of life
  • Difficult because of dynamic and impermanent
    nature of life
  • Inclusive of various methods
  • Cross-sectional designs
  • Longitudinal designs
  • Combination designs

3
Goals of this area of study
  • Change
  • Change of multiple sub-areas (physiological,
    sensory, perception, emotion, cognition, social,
    gender, moral, emotional, meta-awareness,
    intelligence, and on, and on)
  • Change among interactions of sub-areas
  • Change in all of this as it occurs within culture

4
Theoretical Frameworks that address CHANGE
5
Psychoanalytic approaches
  • Freud
  • Erikson

6
Cognitive-Developmental Approaches
  • Jean Piaget
  • Lev Vygotsky (you already know this!)
  • Sandra Bem
  • L. Kohlberg
  • Information-Processing

7
Learning approaches
  • Classical conditioning (not on this exam)
  • Operant conditioning (not on this exam)
  • Observational learning new material
  • How is information portrayed with or without
    consequences
  • Characteristics of person being copied
  • Cultural variations in how media is used
  • Implications for gender behaviors

8
Ethological frameworks
  • Biology and evolution survivability and
    reproductive success
  • Humans are relatively altricial at birth
  • Adaptive value of human infant behaviors and
    characteristics
  • Newborn human sensory and perceptual abilities
    not just a blooming, buzzing confusion
  • Physical abilities reflexes
  • Communicative abilities

9
Ethological frameworks - continued
  • Parental investment depends on how dependent
    off-spring are at birth
  • Konrad Lorenz imprinting and babyness
    features
  • Attachment characteristics, measures, cultural
    variations

10
Ethological frameworks - continued
  • Sociobiology
  • Extension of evolutionary perspectives into
    adolescence and adulthood (particular focus)
  • Especially focus on behaviors linked to mate
    selection, mating behaviors, reproduction

11
Systems theories
  • Some general characteristics
  • Human behavior as a complex system works like
    other complex systems (weather, mold, ice
    crystals)
  • Behavior is a function of multiple factors and
    interactions among factors
  • Factors may be highly inter-related
  • Changes in important factors causes changes
    throughout the system

12
Systems theories - continued
  • Dynamical Systems Theory
  • Ecological Systems Theory
  • Lev Vygotsky (again!)
  • Paul Baltes lifespan theory
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