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Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief DEFINITIONS

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Emergency Preparedness. and Disaster Relief. DEFINITIONS. Pan ... This is achieved through prevetion, mitigation and preparedness. Emergency vs. disaster ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief DEFINITIONS


1
Emergency Preparednessand Disaster
ReliefDEFINITIONS
Pan American Health Organization Regional Office
of the World Health Organization Dana van Alphen
MD
2
Adverse event
  • Intense disruption to persons, economy, social
    systems and environment caused by natural
    phenomena and/or human activity that demands
    immediate response.
  • Emergency or disaster

3
Hazard and Vulnerability
  • External risk factor, potentially harmful natural
    or human made event of a given intensitate,
    duration and place.
  • Internal risk factor, degree of susceptibility of
    a subject/system to be damaged by a hazard
  • High susceptibilityhigh vulnerability

4
Risk
  • Probability of social, environmental and economic
    damage resulting from interaction between hazard
    and vulnerability in a specific place, at a given
    time

5
Disasters are not natural
  • hazard . Vulnerability

Risk
Simplified is R H x V.
6
Disaster risk reduction
  • Set of measures aimed at minimizing the
    probability of damage caused by adverse events at
    such level that the needs can be covered by the
    affected community with its own available
    resources
  • This is achieved through prevetion, mitigation
    and preparedness.

7
Emergency vs. disaster
  • Emergency disruption to systems but does not
    exceed response capacity of affected comunity
  • Disaster Intense disruption to economy, persons,
    environment exceeding local response capacity

8
Prevention
  • Set of actions aimed to avoid the occurence of
    damage as a consequence of adverse events
  • It can be achieved only by eliminating the hazard
    and/or the vulnerability

9
Mitigation
  • Set of actions aimed at reducing damage resulting
    from interaction between hazard and vulnerability

10
Preparedness
Pre-disaster activities aimed at strengthening
the capacity to deal with damage produce by an
adverse event Includes rescue, relief and
rehabilitation.
11
Response and the gray areas
  • ResponseActions taken in an adverse event for
    the purpose of saving lives, reduce suffering,
    limit losses. Is achieved through humanitarian
    assistance covering essential needs of the
    affected population.
  • Rehabilitation Actions taken to temporarily
    restore community essential services at the
    pre-event conditions.( early recovery)

12
Reconstruction
  • Actions to permanently restore the physical
    damage, social disruption and economic losses
    incorporating prevetion and 7or mitigation
    measures.( improving living conditions and
    implementing disaster risk reduction measures.
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