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Nonfiction Strategies

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'Struggle with text serves to challenge readers and can 'teach' readers to use ... Genres Within The Magic School Bus by Joanna Cole. Narrative text-74 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Nonfiction Strategies


1
Nonfiction Strategies
2
Characteristics of non-fiction text…
  • Structure of non-fiction text
  • Description
  • Sequence
  • Comparison
  • Cause and Effect
  • Problem and Solution
  • Theme
  • Style

3
Cause/Effect
  • Since
  • Because
  • This led to
  • On account of
  • Due to
  • For this reason
  • Consequently
  • Therefore

4
Comparison/Contrast
  • In like manner
  • Likewise
  • Similarly
  • The difference between
  • As opposed to
  • After all
  • However
  • Nevertheless
  • But

5
Problem/Solution
  • One reason for that
  • A solution
  • A problem

6
Question/answer
  • How
  • When
  • What
  • Where
  • Why
  • Who
  • How many
  • The best estimate
  • It could be that
  • One may conclude

7
Sequence
  • Until
  • Before
  • After
  • Next
  • Finally
  • Lastly
  • First/last
  • Then
  • On (date)
  • At (time)

8
Nonfiction text
  • Repeated experiences with the genre to understand
    it
  • Use it in everyday experiences
  • Relate information in the text to childrens
    schemata

9
Struggle with text…
  • Struggle with text serves to challenge readers
    and can teach readers to use reading strategies
    more efficiently.
  • Struggle with text is something that can be
    valued and used to help readers become
    proficient.

10
Struggle with text…
  • Struggling readers make sense of complex texts
  • In the retelling of a complex text, the reader
    synthesizes the multiple genres in the written
    text and produces a narrative that reflects the
    readers unique construction of meaning

11
Struggle with text…
  • Patterns of the quality and number of miscues
    shift across the entire text.
  • Patterns of miscues shift across each genre or
    type within the entire text.
  • As readers struggle, they demonstrate developing
    control over how to navigate an unfamiliar
    text.
  • The text plays a mediated role in the reading
    transaction.

12
Genres Within The Magic School Bus by Joanna Cole
  • Narrative text
  • Student research on display
  • Speech balloons
  • Environmental print
  • Authors notes to the reader

13
Genres Within The Magic School Bus by Joanna Cole
  • Narrative text-74
  • Student research on display-67
  • Speech balloons-91
  • Environmental print/Authors notes to the
    reader-59

14
Readers in Trouble-Ken Goodman
  • We value authors who respect readers by writing
    interesting and challenging texts with new and
    complex genres...Instead of sheltering kids from
    complex texts, we should be sharing insights
    about the reading process with them and
    encouraging them to say, Bring it on-I can read
    this!

15
Supporting Readers
  • Elicit prior knowledge
  • Note the various text structures
  • Read aloud nonfiction text
  • Think alouds about the structure (and content)
  • Provide nonfiction text in the classroom library
  • Questioning, thinking, visualizing, synthesizing

16
Thick Questions
  • Address large universal concepts
  • Often begin with Why? How come? I wonder?
  • Address large content areas such as What is
    photosynthesis?
  • Answers are often long and involved and require
    further discussion and resarch

17
Thin Questions…
  • Primarily asked to clarify confusion, understand
    words, or access objective content
  • Questions that can be answered with a number or a
    simple yes or no
  • Answers are typically shorter than those for
    thick questions
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