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School of Psychology

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Title: School of Psychology


1
School of Psychology
  • Professional Training anda Career as an
    Educational Psychologist
  • An Introductory talk by John Gameson - October
    2009
  • Professional Director - DEdPsy Professional
    Training Programme
  • and Senior Educational Psychologist, Blaenau
    Gwent County Borough Council
  • Programme website at - http//www.cardiff.ac.uk/ps
    ych/dedpsy

2
Main Questions
  • What is an educational psychologist (EP)?
  • Where do EPs work?
  • What do EPs do?
  • What are the entry requirements for the
    three-year DEdPsy programme?
  • Where are EPs trained?
  • What procedures govern applications for places?
  • What are the funding arrangements?
  • What are the career prospects and salary
    structure for EPs?
  • What does the Cardiff DEdPsy Initial Training
    Programme provide?
  • What are the main features of the Cardiff DEdPsy
    selection process?
  • How can you find out more about the job?  

3
What is an educational psychologist (EP)?
  • An applied psychologist trained/specialising in
    educational issues - usually working with the 0
    to 19 age range and their families/schools etc.
  • Strategic application of psychology to promote
    psychological/emotional well being and
    educational opportunity for all.
  • Flexible change-focused, problem-solving and
    hypothesis-testing approaches in response to a
    wide variety of issues and concerns, including
    (but not only) special needs. Focus on
  • collaborative work to empower/enable people and
  • understanding, facilitating and managing change.

4
Where do EPs Work?
  • Local Authorities (LAs) 
  • Social Services
  • Health Authorities
  • Further Education
  • Higher Education
  • Local Communities
  • Private Practice

5
What do EPs do? -1Systemic and Organisational
Work
  • Helping with LA planning and policy formulation.
    (e.g., literacy, early years, behavioural support
    plans and special provision).
  • Supporting schools in the development of their
    policies. (e.g., behaviour management, child
    protection and bullying).
  • Collaborating with others in the development of
    multi-agency policies.(e.g., mental health, child
    protection and social inclusion).
  • Training for teachers and others. (e.g., stress
    management, thinking skills and self esteem).
  • Research and Development. (e.g., surveys,
    evaluation work and information packs for
    parents, teachers and others).
  • Organisational development and group work to
    promote educational opportunity and psychological
    welfare for all children and young people.(e.g.,
    school improvement, positive behaviour management
    and personal development for all).

6
What do EPs do? - 2 Indirect Work with
Parents, Teachers Others
  • Consultative meetings in many different contexts
    with adults who have concerns about individuals
    or groups in their care, school, class etc.
    (children, adolescents or young adults).
  • These approaches are intended to enable or
    empower the adults to
  • retain ownership of their issues and concerns
    and
  • understand and manage the issues and concerns
    more confidently and effectively.
  • They might include
  • consultation sessions, problem-solving meetings
    and/or solution-oriented work focusing on
    understanding and promoting change
  • advice and guidance to individuals and groups
    and
  • review meetings (statutory and non-statutory).

7
What do EPs do? - 3 Direct Work with
Individual Children, Adolescents and Young Adults
(mostly aged 0 to 19)
  • Counselling and therapy, including
    solution-oriented work, in response to a wide
    range of issues/problems. (e.g., learning,
    social, emotional and/or behavioural problems).
  • Psychological and educational assessment.
  • Writing reports and implementing/evaluating
    intervention strategies or special provision.
  • Statutory assessments and formal psychological
    advice to the LA.
  • Work related to child protection procedures and
    the Children Act.
  • Specialist work related to a wide range of
    disabilities.(e.g., sensory impairments, physical
    disabilities, severe and complex learning
    difficulties, specific learning
    difficulties/dyslexia, speech and language
    problems and autistic spectrum disorders).

8
What are the entry requirements for the
three-year DEdPsy Programme? - 1
  • Currently, applicants must be eligible for the
    Graduate Basis for Registration (GBR) of the
    British Psychological Society (BPS) and must
    provide written confirmation of this by a set
    deadline (e.g., before 31st December 2009 at
    Cardiff).
  • To be eligible for GBR applicants must either
    have
  • undertaken a qualification in psychology (usually
    a Bachelor (Honours) degree) which has been
    approved by the BPS as conferring the Graduate
    Basis for Registration or
  • passed the Society's Qualifying Examination or
  • undertaken an appropriate Society approved
    conversion course.
  • Further details can be found on the BPS website.

9
What are the entry requirements for the
three-year DEdPsy Programme? - 2
  • Applicants must also be able to demonstrate that
    they have gained relevant experience of working
    with children (0-19 age range) within
    educational, childcare or community settings.
  • The programme team is not in a position to
    comment on the suitability of particular
    experiences.
  • The programme team is most interested in the use
    applicants have made of their experiences to
    prepare themselves for training as applied
    psychologists of the highest quality in education
    contexts.

10
What are the entry requirements for the
three-year DEdPsy Programme? - 3
  • Applicants who undertook their psychology degrees
    at a university in the UK or Republic of Ireland,
    and who are unsure whether they are eligible for
    GBR, should contact their respective course
    directors who should be able to confirm whether
    they have GBR or not. A full list of
    undergraduate accredited courses is available
    from the British Psychological Society (BPS).
    Applicants will be required to provide written
    confirmation of eligibility for GBR.

11
What are the entry requirements for the
three-year DEdPsy Programme? - 4
  • Applicants who studied overseas will be required
    to demonstrate that they are eligible for GBR and
    should apply to the BPS for Graduate Membership.
    Eligibility for GBR will be considered
    automatically when applying for Membership and
    decisions on both will be communicated at the
    same time. Please note that applicants are
    responsible for confirming GBR and applications
    for Graduate Membership can take several months
    to process.

12
Where Are EPs Trained?
There are currently 13 BPS accredited programmes
in England and Wales
  • Birmingham
  • Bristol
  • Cardiff
  • East London
  • Exeter
  • Institute of Education, London
  • Manchester
  • Newcastle
  • Nottingham
  • Sheffield
  • Southampton
  • Tavistock Clinic, London
  • University College, London

From September 2009 all programmes will be
monitored, evaluated and regulated by the Health
Professions Council (HPC), in conjunction with
the BPSs Division of Educational and Child
Psychology (DECP) Training Committee.
13
What procedures govern applications for places? -
1
  • The Childrens Workforce Development Council
    (CWDC) manages a Clearing House System - but only
    for training programmes in England.
  • Cardiff University has a separate application
    process for places on the Cardiff DEdPsy.
  • Further details are published on our DEdPsy web
    pages at http//www.cardiff.ac.uk/psych/dedpsy

14
What procedures govern applications for places? -
2
  • For information about the 2010 programmes in
    England see the CWDC website http//www.cwdcounci
    l.org.uk/educationalpsychology/

15
What are the funding arrangements? - 1
  • Currently, each funded trainee on the Cardiff
    DEdPsy programme receives from the WLGA/WAG
  • a training grant/bursary (14,000) for all three
    years of the programme and
  • fee elements of 11,000 in Year 1 and 5000 in
    each of Years 2 and 3.
  • No additional funds are provided for travel
    expenses etc. but many educational psychology
    services (EPSs) now pay the costs of travel for
    journeys that trainees make on EPS business
    during placement.

16
What are the funding arrangements? - 2
  • From September 2008, all new trainees on the
    Cardiff DEdPsy programme have had to pay a fee
    supplement in all three years.
  • This is required to make up the difference
    between the currently static central funding and
    the University fees, which increase each year.
  • The Year 1 fee supplement for trainees starting
    in September 2010 will be 2,000 and there will
    also be fee supplements of 1,000 in each of
    Years 2 and 3.

17
What are the funding arrangements? - 3
  • Trainees on the Cardiff DEdPsy programme must
    successfully complete all programme requirements
    each year in order to progress to the next year.
  • Funding in a subsequent year depends on
    successful completion of the previous year.

18
What are the funding arrangements? - 4
  • Currently, on the Cardiff DEdPsy programme, no
    places are offered to self-funding candidates or
    to those who have sources of funding other than
    the central funding provided by the WLGA/WAG.
  • We will continue to consult numerous stakeholders
    before deciding if we will be able to offer a
    very limited number of places to self funders
    in future.
  • Self funders would have to pay the full fees
    (including fee supplements) and may be required
    to pay an additional fee supplement to cover the
    cost of fieldwork supervision.

19
What are the funding arrangements? - 5
  • For information about the funding arrangements
    for training programmes in England, please visit
    the CWDC website at
  • http//www.cwdcouncil.org.uk/educationalpsycholog
    y/

20
What are the funding arrangements? - 6
  • It is expected that the 3 years of training will
    be continuous. Any breaks in training will have
    to be justified and will normally only be allowed
    in case of
  • maternity/paternity leave
  • certificated sickness and
  • some other unavoidable emergency.

21
What are the funding arrangements? - 7
  • Trainees who withdraw from the programme will no
    longer be eligible for the training grant/bursary
    and may be required to reimburse all payments
    made.
  • Trainees who withdraw from the programme, or fail
    to progress, will not be eligible for any further
    funding under the scheme.
  • Trainees who are required to repeat a year of the
    programme will not be eligible for any additional
    funding for the repeated year.
  • At present the Cardiff programme does not offer
    any award for trainees who may not successfully
    complete the full programme. This includes
    successful completion of the thesis.

22
What are the funding arrangements? - 8
  • Upon successful completion of the training
    programme, funded trainees may be required, as
    is currently the case, to complete two years of
    employment as an educational psychologist within
    a Local Authority in England or Wales.
  • Failure to undertake this may result in the
    recovery of all or a part of the training
    grant/bursary.
  • In this event, each case would be considered on
    an individual basis.

23
What are the funding arrangements? - 9
  • There are currently no conditions attached to the
    WLGA/WAG central funding for trainees on the
    Cardiff programme
  • However, at any time in the future, this
    situation could change, resulting in Cardiff
    trainees
  • having all their fieldwork placements in Wales
    and
  • being obliged to apply for vacant EP posts in
    Wales, and possibly work in Wales, for two years
    after they qualify.

24
What are the funding arrangements? - 10
  • Arrangements are different in Scotland where two
    universities deliver training University of
    Strathclyde and University of Dundee.
  • Arrangements are also different in Northern
    Ireland where Queens University Belfast delivers
    training.
  • Please see the CWDCs website and/or check with
    the relevant universities in Scotland and
    Northern Ireland for further information.

25
What are the career prospects and salary
structure for EPs?
  • Educational Psychology Services in England and
    Wales are currently experiencing recruitment
    problems (especially Welsh speakers and people
    from ethnic and other minority groups).
  • A large number of EPs are approaching retirement
    age.
  • During the first two years of three-year training
    there were no newly qualified EPs entering the
    profession from BPS accredited training
    programmes.
  • Typical job advertisements (please see handout).

26
Salary Range for Educational PsychologistsScale
A from September 2008
Plus London Allowances
Minimum salary at age 35 - fully qualified
Extensions to the main scale to accommodate
discretionary scale points and Structured
Professional Assessments
27
Salary Range (continued)
  • From September 2008 the scale for senior and
    principal educational psychologists ranges from
    42,129 to 57,370 plus five extension points
    from 58,447 and 62,942 to accommodate
    discretionary scale points and Structured
    Professional Assessment.
  • Salary scales for senior and principal EPs
    consist of not more than four consecutive points.
  • Normal minimum point for principal EP 45,395
    (September 2008).
  • Salary scale for assistant EPs ranges from
    26,534 to 29,778 (September 2008).

28
What does the Cardiff DEdPsy Initial Training
Programme provide? - 1
  • Information about all training programmes in
    England can be found in the Childrens Workforce
    Development Councils (CWDCs) Clearing House
    Handbook. The following information provides some
    examples of what will be provided by the Cardiff
    Programme.

29
What does the Cardiff DEdPsy Initial Training
Programme provide? - 2
  • The Cardiff Programme is based on the BPS Core
    Curriculum and the DECPTC Accreditation Criteria
    for EP Professional Training Programmes. 
  • The programme is designed to provide a
    wide-ranging overview of issues and practices in
    educational psychology. There is a balance struck
    between developing professional skills and
    competencies and developing an understanding of
    the theories and process issues, which inform
    good practice. 

30
What does the Cardiff DEdPsy Initial Training
Programme provide? - 3
  • The programme consists of
  • university-based sessions (blocked weeks)
  • investigative visits and practical fieldwork
    placements in Local Authority settings and
    Educational Psychology Services (blocked weeks)
  • reading and directed study (blocked weeks)
  • research projects, both collaborative and
    individual and
  • private study time.

31
What does the Cardiff DEdPsy Initial Training
Programme provide? - 4
  • Arrangements across the three years are likely to
    be as follows (approximate percentages).
  • Year 1 - University - including research (60)
    Fieldwork - including investigative
    visits (40)
  • Year 2 - University - including research (46)
    Fieldwork (54)
  • Year 3 - University (21)
    Fieldwork - including
    research (79)

32
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33
What does the Cardiff DEdPsy Initial Training
Programme provide? - 5
  • The following themes underpin University-based
    sessions.
  • Research Methods in Educational Psychology.
  • Processes and Methods of Assessment.
  • The Psychology of Learning Managing Change.
  • The Psychology of Behaviour Managing Change.
  • Understanding and Working with Organisations,
    Systems and Groups Managing Change.
  • The Role of the Educational Psychologist.

34
What does the Cardiff DEdPsy Initial Training
Programme provide? - 6
  • Trainees on the Cardiff programme
  • receive a centrally funded training grant/bursary
    and fee elements during all three years
  • have placements in local authority psychology
    services in Wales and some English counties
    during all three years of their programme and do
    not need to find employment during years 2 and 3
    and
  • have three separate fieldwork placements in
    different local authorities across the full term
    of the programme.

35
What does the Cardiff DEdPsy Initial Training
Programme provide? - 7
  • The tutors have been developing COMOIRA - the
    Constructionist Model of Informed, Reasoned
    Action. This is an innovative model for applying
    psychology, where psychological theory and
    research lie at the centre of a flexible process
    that can inform all the different tasks in which
    EPs can become involved. The model is described
    in the 2003 and 2005 editions of the journal,
    Educational and Child Psychology, 20(4), 96-115
    and 22(4), 41-55. It will be used by the
    trainees on their fieldwork placements and in
    group investigations, but is more than simply a
    fieldwork tool. The programme team is keen to use
    COMOIRA in all aspects of work on the programme
    and it has proved useful in professional
    supervision sessions and group consultations this
    year. COMOIRA is in a process of dynamic
    development and will continue to influence all
    aspects of the programme.

36
What are the main features of the Cardiff DEdPsy
selection process? - 1
  • Two stage selection process
  • Stage 1 (22nd and 23rd February 2010) -
    Individual interviews (about 20 minutes) and a
    writing task for all suitable applicants (62 in
    2009).
  • Stage 2 (Monday 8th March 2010) - A range of
    selection activities (all day) for a short list
    of approximately 24 applicants.

37
What are the main features of the Cardiff DEdPsy
selection process? - 2
  • The programme team is looking to recruit trainees
    who
  • have made good use of their relevant experiences
    of working with children and young people in
    education, child care or community settings to
    prepare themselves for professional training as
    an educational psychologist of the highest
    quality
  • have a good understanding of the needs of
    children and/or young people, especially in
    educational contexts
  • have a good understanding of schools, local
    authority education systems and/or childrens
    services, and the broader systems to which they
    relate
  • are able to apply psychology appropriately in
    their work with children, young people and
    adults continued

38
What are the main features of the Cardiff DEdPsy
selection process? - 3
  • The programme team is looking to recruit trainees
    who
  • have a good understanding of the key issues and
    debates in education
  • have a good understanding of the role and
    function of educational psychologists
  • have maintained a keen interest in psychology
    itself (since the programme will not involve the
    re-teaching of undergraduate psychology)
  • have a good understanding of the key issues and
    developments in the profession of educational
    psychology
  • have excellent interpersonal skills and manage
    their interactions with others sensitively
    continued

39
What are the main features of the Cardiff DEdPsy
selection process? - 4
  • The programme team is looking to recruit trainees
    who
  • have excellent self-management skills and can
    demonstrate these skills in stressful and complex
    situations, e.g., the selection process
  • can reflect on their own experiences in order to
    identify salient aspects of learning
  • are able to communicate effectively to a high
    standard - orally and in writing
  • would participate enthusiastically in all aspects
    of the programme and be open to new learning and
    experiences and
  • would also be willing to undertake placements in
    any area of Wales or in parts of England.

40
How can you find out more?
  • For information and links to other sites, visit
    our website http//www.cardiff.ac.uk/psych/dedpsy
  • Contact an Educational Psychology Service (EPS)
    and ask to shadow/interview an EP.
  • Read the journal Educational Psychology in
    Practice which all members of the Association of
    Educational Psychologists (AEP) receive quarterly
    and which may also be available in University
    libraries.
  • Read the journal Educational and Child
    Psychology which members of the Division of
    Educational and Child Psychology (DECP) receive
    quarterly and which may also be available in
    University libraries.
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