Alzheimers Disease - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Alzheimers Disease PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 150c42-Zjg3Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Alzheimers Disease

Description:

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. ... More confused and unaware of the surroundings, place, and time. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:442
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 14
Provided by: audre7
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Alzheimers Disease


1
Alzheimers Disease
2
  • Compiled by Audrey Rose for Linda Barboa

3
DEFINITION
  • Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form
    of dementia.
  • Its a neurologic disease characterized by
  • Loss of mental ability severe enough to interfere
    with normal activities of daily living
  • Lasting at least six months
  • Not present at birth
  • AD usually occurs in old age, and is marked by a
    decline in cognitive functions such as
    remembering, reasoning, and planning.

4
What does it look like?
Typically people with Alzheimers Disease look
like a normal aging adult.
5
The Stages
Stage 1 ? No impairment Stage 2 ? Very mild
decline Stage 3 ? Mild decline Stage 4 ?
Moderate decline (mild or early stage) Stage
5 ? Moderately severe decline (moderate or
mid-stage) Stage 6 ? Severe decline
(moderately severe or mid-stage) Stage 7
? Very severe decline (severe or late stage)
6
Does it affect swallowing?
  • YES, IT DOES!
  • It ranges from simple things such as the
    environment or time of day and can lead to more
    severe problems such as feeding tubes or
    aspiration.

7
MEALTIME BEHAVIOR CHANGESEARLY TO MIDDLE STAGES
  • Risk of malnutrition may be related to forgetting
    steps involved in preparing a meal or shopping
    for food items.
  • Unable to safely operate a stove, unable to
    recognize food when spoiled, and may be unable to
    hold attention throughout a meal.
  • May become distracted by environmental factors,
    experience a change in food preference, or pour
    liquid into food.

8
MEALTIME BEHAVIOR CHANGESMIDDLE TO ADVANCED
STAGES
  • More confused and unaware of the surroundings,
    place, and time.
  • May forget which utensil to use, and may not
    recognize hunger, thirst, or food temperature.
  • At risk for dehydration as they may not ask for
    drinks.
  • Pace or refuse to sit down for a meal, causing
    weight loss.
  • No longer capable of coordinating swallowing and
    breathing

9
ENVIRONMENT
  • Physical and social environments are important
    but often untapped resources that can have a
    significant impact on quality of life.
  • However, not always part of routine clinical
    practice for an SLP.

10
INFORMATION
  • Document specific intervention techniques that
    can only be administered by an SLP.
  • Many clients with AD require a thorough dysphagia
    evaluation.
  • Identify preserved abilities (build on these)
  • Consider past and current meal preferences
  • Identify the possible facilitators and barriers
    in the environment
  • Interventions should include simple techniques to
    reduce the demands on impaired memory systems and
    provide cues that will enable the client to
    function using preserved abilities.

11
Simplify
  • WHAT TO CHANGE
  • Dishes, mats, and tablecloths with patterns
  • Providing a variety of utensils
  • Glassware

12
What we can do
  • Set up regular meal times
  • Provide snacks (finger food)
  • Calm environment (assess factors such as
    environmental stimuli, lighting, and noise
    levels)
  • Consider individual preferences
  • Independence is important not neatness
  • Monitor consistency of food

7. Provide plenty of fluids 8. Ensure proper fit
of dentures 9. Consider nutritional supplements
10. Adaptive utensils and dishes 11. Feeding
tubes
13
References
  • www.mayoclinic.com
  • www.alz.org
  • alzheimers.about.com
About PowerShow.com