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Indians and Europeans on the Northwest Coast, 17741812

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Indians and Europeans on the Northwest Coast, 1774 1812. PNW Contact Lecture Series ... American ship to NW Coast. Living Together: Nootka Controversy, 1789 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Indians and Europeans on the Northwest Coast, 17741812


1
Indians and Europeans on the Northwest Coast,
17741812
2
PNW Contact Lecture Series
  • Imagining
  • Meeting
  • Living Together

3
Imagining - European Perspective
  • Inside Passage
  • Apostolos Valerianos
  • Juan De Fuca
  • Greek
  • 1592 Voyage across N. America
  • Myths of Gold, Silver and Pearls
  • Mercantilism

4
Imagining - Native Perspective
  • Originally, no knowledge OR no impact
  • Confusion about first contacts
  • Interest in European goods, especially metals.

5
European Objectives
  • Claim Territory
  • Make a Profit
  • Win Intellectual Glory
  • Convert Souls
  • Maintain Peace with Neighbors
  • ALL AT THE SAME TIME!

6
Meeting! The First Explorers
  • Vitus Bering - Russia - 1728
  • Several trips, establish fur trading posts in
    Alaska
  • Perez - Spanish - 1774
  • Doesnt touch land
  • Meets Nuu-Chah-Nulth/
  • Haida
  • Bodega-Hezeta -
  • Spanish - 1775
  • Plant Crosses to mark Spanish land
  • Spanish Dominance being threatened world wide

7
Explorers continued…
  • James Cook - English - 1778
  • Surveys land around Vancouver Island
  • Enters the Strait of Juan de Fuca
  • John Meares - English - 1789
  • Supposedly buys land from Nuu-chah-nulth chief
    Maquinna.
  • Robert Gray - 1790
  • First American ship to NW Coast

8
Living Together Nootka Controversy, 1789
  • Eng. Cpt. James Colnett imprisoned for
    trespassing
  • Spanish claim to own waters
  • Spanish Cpt. Jose Martinez shoots Nuu-Chah-Nulth
    Chief Callicum

9
1792
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