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Transforming a Rural Society:

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Source: The Atlas of Canada. Eel Ground First Nation ... class projects, online courses, e-mail ... Uses include e-mail, research, online presentations ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Transforming a Rural Society:


1
Transforming a Rural Society
  • Impacts of Broadband Adoption and Use in Rural
    New Brunswick Institutions
  • By Amanda Marlin David Bruce
  • Rural Small Town Programme, Mount Allison
    University

2
Outline
  • Introduction
  • Transformative changes
  • Our methodology
  • Transformations in
  • Education
  • Economic development
  • Municipal government
  • Health services
  • Barriers
  • Conclusions

3
Introduction
  • The promise of broadband for Rural New Brunswick
  • Government and private industry initiative
    brought broadband to rural communities
  • New Brunswick Universities Research Consortium
  • NBURC created to study impacts of broadband
  • Current paper
  • Impacts of broadband in rural institutions

4
Rural New Brunswick
Source The Atlas of Canada
5
Rural New Brunswick
6
Transformative Changes
  • Broadband
  • Core community infrastructure
  • Enhances community development
  • A general purpose technology (GPT)
  • GPTs are pervasive, evolve quickly spur
    innovation
  • GPTs can transform relationships, behaviours
    norms and processes
  • Transformations are slow
  • New Brunswick is at the beginning

7
Methodology
  • Goal
  • To identify and measure the transformational
    changes taking place in rural institutions and
    organizations that can be attributed to the
    uptake of broadband technologies within rural New
    Brunswick.
  • Narrative approach
  • Avoids assigning attribution
  • Focuses on how broadband is being used
  • Records experiences, stories, etc.
  • Qualitative

8
Methodology
  • Community consultations
  • Crucial in designing research projects that are
    appropriate and of benefit for the individual
    communities.
  • Key informant interviews
  • Voluntary, confidential, face-to-face
  • Questions
  • Characteristics of the organization or
    institution
  • Internet use habits
  • Impacts and changes due to broadband use
  • Barriers and challenges
  • Plans for the future

9
Case Studies
Eel Ground Bouctouche Gagetown
Source The Atlas of Canada
10
Eel Ground First Nation
Sources www.roybrothers.ca, www.eelgroundschool.c
a, Marlin (2006)
11
Ville de Bouctouche
Sources www.sgrphoto.ca, strategis.ic.gc.ca,
ladecouverte.nbed.nb.ca
12
Village of Gagetown
Sources http//www.gagetown99.com/,
www.static.flickr.com
13
Transformations in Education
  • Eel Ground School
  • Impacts and transformations
  • Videoconferencing, virtual story telling
  • Electronic drawing table and smartboards
  • World Cyberfair website competitions
  • Online news shows and podcasts
  • Transformative thinking
  • Educating parents

14
Transformations in Education
  • Eel Ground School
  • Measured outcomes
  • Higher enrolment, higher attendance
  • Decreased behavioral problems
  • Taking responsibility and ownership of learning
  • Leadership, motivation, confidence, skills

15
Transformations in Education
  • École Clément Cormier
  • Impacts and transformations
  • Students use the internet for research, class
    projects, online courses, e-mail
  • Communication, document sharing
  • Managing student grades, class lists and
    attendance
  • Transformative thinking
  • Desire for wireless access for true
    transformational learning

16
Transformations in Education
  • Gagetown School
  • Impacts and transformations
  • SmartTechnology interactive whiteboard
  • GrassRoots Twin Schools
  • Online collaboration with a Netherlands School to
    research the two cultures
  • Book and video publishing
  • Transformative thinking
  • Include ICT across the curriculum

17
Transformations in Planning and Economic
Development
  • All offices use broadband technology
  • Research, communication, sharing files,
    networking, etc.
  • Increased productivity, efficiency and cost
    savings
  • Transformative management systems
  • Measure internal outcomes
  • Track accomplishments
  • Report progress and activities in a uniform
    fashion
  • Information and idea sharing
  • Financial accounting

18
Transformations in Planning and Economic
Development
  • People have a better understanding of town
    planning due to broadband
  • Transformative thinking
  • Websites that offer client services, searchable
    databases, libraries, public notices, forms, etc.
  • Videoconferencing
  • A word about Gagetown

19
Transformations in Municipal Government
  • Transformations
  • Lacking due to lack of resources
  • Communication, research, accounting, management
  • Efficiency, productivity, cost savings
  • Transformative thinking
  • Plans for websites

20
Transformations in Health Services
  • Uses include e-mail, research, online
    presentations
  • Increased efficiency, decreased travel time to
    meetings, etc.
  • Gagetown has high definition video, file sharing
    and consultations with medical professionals in
    urban centres
  • Transformative thinking
  • Websites, tele-health, healthnet
  • Videoconferencing, smartboards, etc.

21
Barriers
  • Lack of funding
  • Lack of training and technical support
  • Needing newer technologies such as wireless
    access
  • Rural attitudes toward the internet

22
Conclusions
  • Evidence of transformations
  • Mostly in schools, lacking in municipal
    governments
  • Too soon to stimulate innovation and
    entrepreneurship
  • Future plans for broadband use
  • Curriculum development, websites, online
    management, e-governance, tele-health, etc.
  • Barriers impeding transformations
  • Lack of funding, training, older demographic
  • Importance of institutions
  • Vital for innovative, sustainable development of
    rural communities in New Brunswick

23
Acknowledgments
  • We wish to thank
  • Industry Canada
  • Statistics Canada
  • Steering Committee
  • (Industry Canada, Business New Brunswick,
    Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency)
  • Community consultation groups
  • Key informants
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