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Fourth GradeChapter 3

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Welcome to the Everglades! Two samples of wetlands in the Southeast are... The Florida Everglades. The Florida Everglades. Let's sum it up ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fourth GradeChapter 3


1
Fourth Grade-Chapter 3
  • The Southeastern Environment

2
The area known as the Southeast consists of 12
states and the island of Puerto Rico.Look at the
map belowDo you live in the Southeast?
3
THE MIGHTY MISSISSIPPI
  • Native Americans named it this because it means
    Big water or
  • Father of the Waters

4
The source
  • The source or starting point of the Mississippi
    is Lake Itasca in Minnesota.

5
  • The river begins its 2,552 mile journey to the
    sea from its headwaters in Itasca State Park.
    From its ankle-deep source, the mighty
    Mississippi winds its way through Minnesota -
    from the northern wilderness through
    contemporary, cosmopolitan cities to rich
    farmlands and plains. Each bend of the river
    offers something new in the land of 15,000 lakes.
    From professional baseball thrills in the
    Metrodome, to the Mall of America, the nation's
    largest fully enclosed shopping and entertainment
    complex, to more than 500 beautiful golf courses,
    the good times flow like the river. 

6
The mouth
  • The mouth of the river is the place where it
    empties into the ocean or another large body of
    water.

7
The tributaries
  • Smaller rivers which feed into the Mississippi
    are called tributaries.

8
The Body of the Nation
  • Some of the Mississippis tributaries are large
    rivers themselves.
  • The Missouri River and the Ohio River empty in
    the Mississippi.

9
River Basin
  • A river basin is all the land that is drained by
    a river and the rivers tributaries.
  • The Mississippi has an enormous or very large
    river basin.
  • Its basin drains land in 31 of the Unites States
    and two Canadian provinces.

10
Think about this
  • Because of its size, Mark Twain called the
    basin of the Mississippi the Body of the nation.

11
For centuries Americans have used the
Mississippi for travel and trade.
  • Can you think of some reasons why?

12
Shipping by boat is a cheap way to transport
goods!
13
Piloting a riverboat
14
It takes great skill to pilot a riverboat down
the Mississippi.
  • The river is constantly changing
  • and you have to study the changes to prevent
    accidents.

15
Bob Gardner spent many years as a river boat
pilot on the Mississippi.
  • The river flows in a series of bends and
    crossings, like an S-shape. Where the water
    strikes a bend, it wears away the land.
    Gradually, then, a curve might become straight.
    Every six months you seem to be looking at a new
    river!

16
Mark Twain
  • Mark Twain was a river pilot in the 1850s.
  • He studied the river very carefully.
  • He wrote about the river. (The Adventures of
    Hucklebetrry Finn.)

17
New Orleans!
  • The city of New Orleans is located near the mouth
    of the river.
  • Its great location has been the key to its
    growth.
  • Goods from all over the United States come
    downriver.
  • Its port is one of the busiest of the nation.

18
A Port
  • A port is the place where ships load and unload
    their goods.

19
Delta
  • A delta is the land formed by the soil the river
    deposits as it flows into the sea.
  • Delta soil is rich and dark and good for farming.
  • The Mississippis river delta is located in the
    state of Louisiana.

20
Map showing the Mississippi River delta
21
Wetlands
  • A wetland is a wet area such as a swamp or a
    marsh.
  • Wetlands play an important role in the
    environment.
  • Help control floods by soaking up water.
  • Can you guess how much water a wetland can soak
    up?

22
One acre can absorb 300,000 gallons of water!
  • Wetlands also provide a home for many animals and
    plants (like crawfish, alligators, falcons, and
    the rare Florida panther.)

23
Welcome to the Everglades!
24
Two samples of wetlands in the Southeast are
  • The wetlands west of New Orleans
  • and
  • The Florida Everglades

25
The Florida Everglades
26
Lets sum it up
  • The Mississippi river contributed to the
    development of life in the Southeast.
  • The Mississippi is a very important route to
    transportation and trade.
  • Cities like New Orleans and Memphis, TN grew
    because of their key location by the Mississippi.

27
  • The Mississippi has been our countrys main
    highway for many years.
  • Art, literature and music has been created as a
    reflection of the importance of the Mississippi.
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