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Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect Everyone

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Neglect: Failure (usually by a parent) to provide a level of care that meets a ... 46,154 reports substantiated as confirmed incidents of abuse or neglect ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect Everyone


1
Preventing Child Abuse and NeglectEveryones
Responsibility
  • Dr Leah Bromfield
  • National Child Protection Clearinghouse

2
They dont want to hear the truth because the
truth is so much harder to understand (Fiona, 12
years)
Source Australian Childhood Foundation. (2004).
Play your part.
3
National Child Protection Clearinghouse
  • A specialist information, advisory and research
    unit focused on the prevention of child abuse and
    neglect.
  • Based at the Australian Institute of Family
    Studies
  • Funded by the Australian Government Department of
    Families, Community Services and Indigenous
    Affairs

4
What does a Clearinghouse do?
  • The Clearinghouse provides a range of services to
    policy makers, practitioners and the community
  • a help-desk information advisory service
  • childprotect an email discussion list for
    information sharing moderated by the
    Clearinghouse
  • publications summarising the evidence-base in
    accessible language (e.g. Fact Sheets, Research,
    Policy and Practice Briefs, Issues Papers and
    Newsletters)
  • a webpage providing useful information and
    resources
  • The Clearinghouse also undertakes new research

5
National Child Protection Week
  • September 3-9 2006
  • Raising awareness about child abuse and neglect

6
Myths about child abuse neglect
7
  • Children are more likely to be abused by people
    they know than strangers
  • The number of children being abused and neglected
    is increasing
  • If children dont witness domestic violence they
    are not affected by it
  • Child abuse can lead to depression, drug abuse
    and homelessness in later life

REALITY
REALITY
MYTH
REALITY
8
MYTH
  • Boys are rarely victims of sexual abuse
  • Disabled children are more likely to become
    victims of abuse than non-disabled children
  • Teenagers are sometimes to blame for their abuse
  • Consensual sex between a 14 year old girl and an
    adult is not abuse
  • Children make up stories about abuse
  • Children who disclose about their abuse and later
    retract their stories were lying about the abuse

REALITY
MYTH
MYTH
MYTH
MYTH
9
  • Reporting to the state child protection
    authorities can cause more harm than the abuse
    itself
  • If a child is reported to the state child
    protection authorities they will always be taken
    away from their family
  • It is not always obvious that a child is being
    abused
  • If abuse happened once it is likely to happen
    again
  • Child abuse doesnt happen in well educated
    families

MYTH
MYTH
REALITY
REALITY
MYTH
10
What is abuse and neglect?
  • Physical abuse any non-accidental physically
    aggressive act towards a child
  • Neglect Failure (usually by a parent) to provide
    a level of care that meets a childs basic needs
  • Sexual abuse the use of a minor - female and
    male - for sexual gratification by an adult, or
    an adolescent or older child (most commonly
    perpetrated by someone known to the child)
  • Psychological maltreatment a pattern of
    behaviour, rather than a single incident.
    Includes rejecting, ignoring, isolating,
    terrorising, corrupting, verbal abuse and
    belittlement

11
How big is the problem?
  • 252,831 national reports to child protection
  • 46,154 reports substantiated as confirmed
    incidents of abuse or neglect
  • What is the most common type of maltreatment?
  • neglect, emotional, physical, sexual
  • 22 130 living in out-of-home care
  • These figures are an inaccurate reflection of the
    true extent of child maltreatment

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2006
12
Who maltreats children?
  • National Figures
  • 74 Natural Parent
  • 10 Step-parent or de facto
  • 7 Other relative or sibling
  • 5 Friend or neighbour
  • 4 Others (including strangers)

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2002
13
Causes of child abuse neglect
  • No one cause, factors commonly associated with
    maltreatment include
  • Alcohol and drug use
  • Mental health problems
  • Family violence
  • Poor parenting skills
  • Early child bearing
  • Large families
  • Children with health, disability or behavioural
    problems
  • Adults with histories of being abused or
    neglected
  • Poverty

14
Consequences of abuse neglect
  • Host of health and social problems, such as
  • Physical health problems
  • Learning problems
  • Trauma and psychological problems
  • Early school leaving
  • Youth suicide
  • Crime
  • Homelessness
  • Mental illness
  • Drug and alcohol abuse
  • Unemployment

15
What can you do for children?
  • Show children they are important and that you
    care how they feel
  • Try to understand the seriousness and
    consequences of child abuse and neglect
  • Dont keep it to yourself do something if you
    are worried about a child
  • Child Protection Crisis Service 131 278
  • Kids Helpline 1800 55 1800

Source Australian Childhood Foundation. (2004).
Play your part.
16
What can you do for parents?
  • Be there to listen. The chance for a parent to
    talk can be very effective in relieving pressure
  • Let parents know that you understand how
    challenging parenting can be
  • All parents need support at some time
  • Encourage parents to seek additional support when
    they need it
  • Parentline 13 22 89

Source Australian Childhood Foundation. (2004).
Play your part.
17
What can you do in your community?
  • Raise awareness about child abuse and neglect by
    talking about the problem, myths realities
  • Help community groups, clubs, or organisations to
    distribute resources throughout the community
  • Support local efforts to help families (e.g.
    fundraising for local charity, food or clothing
    drive)

Source Australian Childhood Foundation. (2004).
Play your part.
18
What can you do in your community cont.
  • Ensure organisations and clubs in your local
    community that have contact with children have
  • policies regarding appropriate screening
    processes
  • policies in place to ensure the organisation is
    child safe

Source Australian Childhood Foundation. (2004).
Play your part.
19
More information and resources
  • Australian Childhood Foundation
  • www.stopchildabuse.com.au
  • National Association for the Prevention of Child
    Abuse and Neglect (NAPCAN)
  • www.napcan.org.au
  • National Child Protection Clearinghouse
  • www.aifs.gov.au/nch

20
  • Child abuse will only stop when children like
    me become important to everyone
  • (Josh, 9 years)

Source Australian Childhood Foundation. (2004).
Play your part.
21
National Child Protection Clearinghouse
  • Australian Institute of Family Studies
  • 300 Queen Street Melbourne
  • Victoria 3000 Australia
  • (03) 9214 7888
  • www.aifs.gov.au/nch
  • ncpc_at_aifs.gov.au
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