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Jacksonian America

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America's Economic Revolution. 1828. 1852. How mass participation became the hallmark of the ... How Andrew Jackson came to be a symbol for his era. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jacksonian America


1
  • Jacksonian America
  • Americas Economic Revolution

2
MAIN THEMES
  • How mass participation became the hallmark of the
  • American political system.
  • How Andrew Jackson came to be a symbol for his
    era.
  • The rise of the Whig Party as an alternative to
    Jackson
  • and the Democrats.
  • How the rapid development of the economy in the
  • Northeast influenced the rest of the nation.
  • How Irish and German immigrants helped shape the
  • United States during this period.
  • How population growth and the transportation
  • revolution contributed to the expansion of
    business.

3
FOUR PARTY PERIODS   1796 - 1828 1ST
PARTY SYSTEM   FEDERALIST - ANTI-FEDERALIST
NATIONALIST - REPUBLICAN / DEMOCRAT HAMILTONIA
N - JEFFERSONIAN   1829 - 1856 2ND PARTY
SYSTEM   WHIG - DEMOCRACY ANTI-JACKSONIAN -
JACKSONIAN   1856 - 1964 3RD PARTY
SYSTEM   REPUBLICAN - DEMOCRAT   1964 -
4TH PARTY SYSTEM   DEMOCRAT -
REPUBLICAN
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8
  • The Rise of Mass Politics
  • The Expanding Electorate  
  • The Legitimization of Party 
  • Whigs Democrats 
  • President of the Common Man

To the victors belong the spoils William
L. Marcy
9
  • Debating the Past Jacksonian Democracy 

10
  • Our Federal Union
  • The Rise of Van Buren
  • Eaton Affair  
  • The Webster- Hayne Debate  

Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and
Inseparable Daniel Webster
11
  • The Nullification Crisis  

Our Federal Union- It must be preserved Andr
ew Jackson
The Union- next to our Liberty most
dear John Calhoun
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JOHN C. CALHOUNS CONCURRENT MAJORITY 1832 -
NULLIFICATION CONTRAVERSY 1836 / 1840 / 1844
GAG RULE / HAMMOND / ADAMS 1863 -
DISQUISITION ON GOVERNMENTS
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16
  • The Removal of the Indians
  • Trails of Tears  

17
  • The Removal of the Indians
  • White Attitudes Toward the Tribes
  • Noble Savages
  • Attitudes of proximity
  • The Five Civilized Tribes 
  • Cherokee
  • Creek
  • Seminole
  • Chickasaw
  • Choctaw 
  • The Meaning of Removal  

18
  • Jackson and the Bank War 
  • Biddles Institution  
  • The Monster Destroyed
  • Roger Taney 
  • Pet Banks 

Nicholas. Biddle, (17861844)
19
WHAT IS CENTRAL BANKING? CENTRAL BANKING
IN THE UNITED STATES THE FIRST BANK OF THE
UNITED STATES (1791-1811) SECOND BANK OF THE
UNITED STATES (1816-1836) NATIONAL BANKING
ACTS OF 1863 AND 1864 FEDERAL RESERVE ACT
(1913)
http//odur.let.rug.nl/usa/E/usbank/bank04.htm
20
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837).
Commonwealth v. Hunt (1842). Scott v. Sanford /
Dred Scott (1857).
21
  • Politics after Jackson
  • The Panic of 1837 
  • Distribution  Act
  • Specie Circular
  • The Van Buren Program
  • Independent Treasury 

22
  • Politics after Jackson
  • The Log Cabin Campaign  

William Henry Harrison (Library of
Congress)
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26
  • The Changing American Population  
  • The American Population, 18201840  

27
  • The Changing American Population
  • Immigration and Urban Growth, 18401860  

28
THE INDUSTIAL REVOLUTION
  • Transportation and Communications Revolutions 
  • The Canal Age  
  • Triumph of the Rails
  • The Telegraph

Samuel Morse (Portrait Gallery)
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32
THE INDUSTIAL REVOLUTION
  • Commerce and Industry
  • The Expansion of Business, 18201840
  • Rise of Corporations
  • Investment Capital  
  • The Emergence of the Factory 
  • End of Artisan Labor
  • Rich and Poor
  • Advances in Technology 
  • Singer Howe (Clothes Production)  

33
  • Men and Women at Work  
  • Recruiting a Native Work Force
  • Family at Factories
  • Lowell Towns  
  • The Immigrant Work Force 
  • The Factory System and the Artisan Tradition
  • Trade Unions Vs. the Panic of 1837  

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REACTIONIARIES IN THE AGE OF JACKSON
1820s - THE ANTI-MASON PARTY NATIVISM 1844 -
ANTI-CATHOLIC RIOTS (Philadelphia)
KNOW NOTHINGISM 1837 - NATIVE AMERICAN
ASSOC. 1845 - NATIVE AMERICAN PARTY
1852 - AMERICAN PARTY
36
American Exceptionalsim
Frederick Jackson Turner
Seymour Martin Lipset
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