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Title: south a final


1
Group 9A South Asia
2
Kathmandu
  • LocationNepal (Capital)
  • Population 1,081,845 (2001 Census)

Not just a Bob Seger Song
3
History Aspects Highlights
  • Largest metropolitan city in Nepal
  • Found within the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal, where
    inhabitance dates back to 900 bc.
  • 1768 Conquered from the British, by King
    Prithvi Narayan Shah and became the capital of
    modern Nepal in 1769.
  • Lies within the mid-mountainregion of the
    Himalayas, elevation 4,500 ft.
  • City was rebuilt after 1934 earthquake and post
    World War I, added to city urbanization.

4
Economy
  • Kathmandu is the nations main business center and
    largest market.
  • Trade accounts for 21 of citys finances
  • Manufacturing and exporting of garments and
    woolen carpets account for 19 of finances
  • Agriculture, Education, transport, hotel and
    restaurants each account for 10 or below of
    city finances.
  • Tourism is a key component of the citys economy,
    due to the citys direct air links to all
    neighboring countries and East Asia, the Middle
    East and Europe
  • Currency Nepalese Rupee (1 US 76.04 Rupee)

5
Politics Government
  • Prime Minister Madhav Kumer
  • Metropolis Board consists of the Mayor, Deputy
    Mayor, 35 Chairpersons and 2 nominated members
  • Mayor is the head of the Metropolitan City
  • Elected directly by the people for a five year
    term.
  • Metropolis Council consists of 177 elected
    representatives and 20 nominated members
  • Council meets twice a year to review process,
    approve annual budget and make policy

6
Population Socio-Dem
  • Population 1,081,845 people within Kathmandu.
  • Ethnic Groups Newars, Brahmins, and Kshetris
  • Languages Spoken Nepali Newari
  • Major Religions Hinduism (80.2) Buddhism
    (10.7) Islam (4.2)
  • Male 69.7
  • Female 55.9

7
Tourism
  • Durbar Square Old palace of the Newar Kings
  • Shah Kings Palace Two parallel streets catered
    with shops, restaurants, and hotels.
  • Old City Home to many Buddhist Hindu temples
    and palaces (est. 17th century)
  • Freak Street
  • Popular hippie destination in the 1960s 1970s
  • Key stop along the hippie trail, hippies
    gathered in large numbers to spend months in
    search of Tranquility and Nirvana.

8
Landmarks
  • Festivals Traditional Buddhists and Hindu
    culture is observed by year round festivals
    taking place within the city.
  • Mountaineering Starting point for native led
    hikes into the Himalayan mountain region
  • Durbar Square Lies in the heart of the city
  • 15th to 18th century built palaces of Nepalese
    Royalty.

9
The Future
  • Kathmandu is the largest and most urban city in
    Nepal
  • Buddhist and Hindu culture thrives within the
    city
  • Kathmandu has been a trading city forever.
    Because of its position on an ancient trade route
    between India and Tibet.
  • Kathmandu's urban development within its region,
    thriving cultures, and consistent trade and
    market will allow the city to flourish in years
    to come.

10
Ahmendabad
  • LocationIndia
  • Population 4,970,200

11
Highlights
  • Ahmedabad is the sixth largest city in India.
  • It is a key political hub of the Gujarat state of
    India and was formerly the capital of Gujarat.
  • This major city is positioned along the Sabarmati
    River.
  • Ahmedabad was founded in the 15th Century.
  • It is highly regarded for its aesthetic
    beauty.
  • It is a vital logistical point among Indian
    cities to transport goods, services and ideas.

12
Progression In Session
Old City When established, the region of
Ahemedabad that is now known as the Old City, was
developed with little engineering expertise or
expansion planning. Roads, buildings and other
critical infrastructural aspects of the city are
inefficient, not to mention the lack of style and
substance.
  • New City
  • The New City is Ahmedabads
  • claim to fame. As a bustling
  • economic unit, Ahmedabad
  • has committed a large portion
  • of its funding resources to
  • invests in improved roads,
  • businesses and scenery.
  • Its leaders and citizens have
  • made great strides in creating
  • well respected city within a
  • growing region of the world.

13
Politics Government
  • Ahmedabad is the main administrative headquarters
    of the Gujarat District and is led by a mayor.
    The current mayor is Kanaji Thakor.
  • It was formerly the capital of the Gujarat State,
    for a ten-year period from 1960-1970.
  • The City of Ahmedabad initiated the Golden
    Quadrilateral Project. Its priorities were
    focused toward improving transportation,
    increasing trade and providing ease of access
    among the New City and Old City.
  • Municipal government was permanently established
    in the mid 19th Century and has since proven
    invaluable to Ahmedabads past accomplishments,
    current national prominence and future success.

14
Demographics
  • Its population density is 551/ km².
  • As of 2001, the population of Ahmedabad was 81.2
    urban and its urban population is growing because
    the city has thrived off of its economic success
    and strategic location.

15
Historical Aspects
  • Ahmedabad was first developed off of the banks of
    the Sabarmati River, but has grown in size and
    population since.
  • While control of the city was never very
    consistent early on, it was temporarily protected
    by a fort that surrounded six miles of Ahmedabad
    to shield off foreign attacks.
  • Ahmedabad finally gained stability in the late
    16th Century under the rule of a Mughal Emperor
    named Akbar.
  • It became a powerful center of trade and helped
    propel the region to worldwide acknowledgement.
  • A famine occurred in 1630 and wreaked havoc on
    the city.
  • Great Britain took control of Ahmedabad and its
    resources in 1818, improving its image and
    helping to create many of its modern asset.

16
Origin
  • The city of Ahmedabad was originally known as
    Karnaviti when King Karendev I defeated King
    Ashapal to establish the city on the Sabarmati
    River.
  • It was conquered by a separate Muslim Dynasty in
    the Fifteenth Century and its name was changed to
    Ahmedabad as a result.
  • A sultanate, basically a political region, was
    created and Ahmedabad had been a capital of the
    sultanate in Gujarat for 162 years, spanning the
    time period 1411-1573.

17
Prominent Citizens
  • King Karendev I- Winner of a war to conquer the
    land now known as Ahmedabad
  • Akbar-Mughal Emporer who held reign of the region
    during its original economic boom
  • Raghunath Rao and Damaji Gaekwad- Two
    independent leaders who ended Mughal rule of
    Ahmedabad
  • Mahatma Ghandi- Opposed British rule over
    India and travelled through Ahmedabad to protest
    British taxes

18
Geography
  • Dry Climate
  • Elevation of 55 meters above sea level
  • Temperature has ranged from 5º Celsius to 55º
    Celsius
  • Well connected to other major Indian regions by
    railway, highway and waterway.
  • It has a land area of 8,707 km².
  • Swiftly growing, as investment heightens in the
    New City and surrounding areas.

19
Economy
  • Ahmedabad is a consistent and dependable city to
    boost the economy of India through major ports
    for exporting and importing goods, along with
    capital and infrastructural investment.
  • It is a booming center for textile, chemical and
    industrial manufacturing.
  • Its inner-city economy is quite prosperous and
    diverse, consisting of a unique selection of
    shops, service oriented businesses and
    transportation systems that rank among the best
    in the entire country of India

20
Cultural Identity
  • The majority of the citizens of Ahmedabad speak
    Gujariti, which is clearly derived from the state
    of Gujarat itself.
  • A second spoken language is known as Hindi, and
    although it is common, Hindi is not the primary
    language of choice.

21
FOCUS The Samarati River Basin
  • A critical location for the region to depend on
    both agriculturally, industrially and for overall
    survival.
  • Avg. Annual Rainfall- 750 mm
  • Current population- 11.75 million, 51 Urban.
  • Ahmedabad holds about 50 of this regions
    population
  • Projected Population in 2025- 20 million

22
The Future
  • Ahmedabad basically saved itself by constructing
    the New City in an effort to improve upon the
    shortcomings of its prior territorial claims.
  • The city has been instrumental in terms of
    improving Indias image as a growing economic
    force and has proven itself competent at
    exploiting its abundance of natural resources
    efficiently.
  • The population will continue to grow and GDP
    appears poised to rise as well, provided
    Ahmedabads economic investments continue to
    flourish.

23
Kabul
  • LocationAfghanistan (Capital)

Population 3,450,000
24
Geography
  • Kabul city is located in the Greater Kabul
    Province, it lies between the Hindu Kush
    mountains along the Kabul river

25
Historical Aspects
  • Kabul was established around 1500
  • Between 1500 and the mid 1800s Kabul was fought
    over by Mughal Empire and the Safavid Dynasty of
    Persia as it was in a prime for trade
  • 1776 Ahmad Shah Durrani (ruler) moved the
    capital of Afghanistan to Kabul
  • 1878 1879 British invades again resulting in
    another massacre 
  • 1900s King Amanullah Khan rose to power and
    reformed the city
  • 1940s The city took off in growth especially
    in industry leading to paved streets, better
    schools, native entertainment
  • From 1978 to  2001 the country has been in a
    continuous state of war
  • 1979 Soviet Invaded Afghanistan, commanding
    Kabul for the next decade
  • 1993 The city turned to a downward slope,
    electricity and water had gone out
  • During this time of war 90 of Kabuls buildings
    were destroyed, the people who did not die fled
    the city for safety
  • In 2001 America intervened the Afghan Northern
    alliance came to retake control of the city at
    this point
  • Present Day the city is slowly redeveloping
    with help from foreign investment, and the people
    are starting to return.

26
Culture
  • Major Ethnic groups are
  • Pashtun (Majority ), Tajik (second largest
    group), Hazara, Aimak, Turkmen, Baloch
  • Languages
  • Main Language is Pashtu
  • Other Language is Afghan Persian, and Turkic
  • Major Religion is Islam (99)
  • Other religions include Hindus, Sikhs, Parsis,
    and Jewish
  • The Mullah is an important part of Muslim life,
  • Any man who can recite the Koran can be a mullah
    (a male religious leader or teacher)
  • Kabul is a very diverse city with many different
    people, so much so that some people seem as
    though they are living in different centuries.

27
City Life
  • Kabuls population growth rate is about 2.6
  • During the early 1800s Kabul was thought to be
    the best and cleanest city in Asia
  • While much of the city contains modern buildings
    and shops, many of the people live in mud huts
  • There is still a large population of people
    living in poverty as well, with children begging
    on the streets and looking for work.
  • Many streets remain unpaved as well as open
    sewers throughout the city
  • Woman still are dictated by the Taliban however
    are beginning to obtain more freedom though still
    following family rules

28
Economy
  • Do to war conditions over the past 30 years the
    citys economy has been hit hard.
  • Between 1992 and 2001 Kabul University was closed
    down and mostly destroyed due to the war, it was
    rebuilt and reopened in 2001
  • People of Kabul described the time period prior
    to 1978 as the golden age under rule of King
    Zahir Shah where the different ethnic groups and
    tribes of Afghanistan lived harmoniously
    together they thought of themselves as Afghans
    first, intermarried and mixed socially
  • The main products produced in Kabul include
    textiles, processed food, wood products and
    chemicals
  • The current governor of Kabul province is Haji
    Din Mohammad.

29
Landmarks
  • Kabul Museum was built in 1922, it is two stories
    high
  • Kabul University opened in the 1930s
  • Kabul Zoo build in 1967

30
The Future
  • The future off Kabul is looking better as it is
    continuing to reconstruct all that it lost in the
    80s and 90s.  So far banks and hotels as well
    as shopping centers have been reestablished.  In
    the future Kabuls population will continue to
    grow as well as their tourist industry.  With so
    much history the city has lots of stories to
    tell.

31
Colombo
  • LocationSri Lanka

Population3,450,000
32
Geography
  • Located on the West Coast of the island
  • Colombo is the worlds largest manmade harbor
  • Gem cutting is Colombos specialty
  • The oldest districts of the city are the Fort and
    the Pettah
  • The Fort the focal point of government and
    commercial activity
  • The Pettah a district of small shops, markets,
    and sidewalk stalls 

33
Historical Aspects
  • Settled by Arab traders during the 8th century
  • The Portuguese arrived in the 16th century and
    built the port to protect their spice trade
  • The Dutch gained control in 1796
  • Colombo served as an allied naval base during
    World War II
  • Became the capital of Sri Lanka in 1982

34
Economy
  • Handles the majority of Sri Lankas foreign trade
  • Manufacturing industries based on the processing
    of raw materials for export
  • Numerous factories are located around the city
  • Commercial center of the island
  • Spice Industry

35
Government
  • The mayor is Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz of the Sri
    Lanka Freedom Party
  • The form of government is a Mayor council.
  • Council members and the mayor are elected through
    local elections every five years

36
Culture
  • Vel Festival
  • Celebrated by Hindus
  • Held in honor of Lord Sri Murukan, the God of War
  • Includes street entertainment, elephant
    processions, music, ceremonial dancing, fireworks
    and more
  • World Spice Food Festival
  • Includes but is not limited to Cuban American,
    Moroccan, Arabian, Italian, Spanish/Portuguese,
    Chinese, Thai, Indonesian Balinese, Korean, and
    Sri Lankan cuisine.
  • Began in 2005

37
Landmarks
  • There are many parks and sporting fields
  • Close to Mount Lavinia Beach and the National
    Zoological Gardens of Sri Lanka
  • The Clock Tower
  • The Presidents House
  • Presidential Gardens
  • St. Lucias Cathedral

38
Dhaka
  • Location Bangladesh
  • Population 7,000,000

39
Historical Aspects
  • The area which is now known as Dhaka was founded
    during the 10th century.
  • It served as the Mogul capital of Bengal from
    1608 to 1704 and was a trading center for
    British, French, and Dutch interests before
    coming under British rule in 1765.
  • March 26, 1971 was the declaration of
    Bangladesh's independence.
  • December 16, 1971 marked the end of the
    independence war of Bangladesh.  Dhaka then saw a
    rapid and massive growth of the city population
    in the post-independence period, as migrant
    workers from rural areas across Bangladesh moved
    to the city.
  • The city suffered heavy damage during the
    Bangladesh war of independence (1971). The
    romanized spelling of the Bengali name was
    changed from Dacca to Dhaka in 1982.

40
Highlights
  • Dhaka is known as The City of Mosques with more
    than 700 mosques
  • Dhaka is now one of the top 20 most populous
    cities of the world.)

41
Economy
  • The main government in Dhaka is the Dhaka City
    Corporation which is a self-governing corporation
    which runs the affairs of the city. The
    incorporated area is divided into several wards,
    which have elected commissioners. The mayor of
    the city is elected by popular vote every five
    years, and the position is presently held by
    Sadeque Hossain Khoka.
  • Dhaka suffers from high crime rate as well as a
    lot of political and religious violence
  • Dhaka is one of the world's leading rice- and
    jute-growing regions. Its industries include
    textiles such as jute, muslin, and cotton as well
    as food processing, especially rice milling

42
Demographics
  • The population is growing by an estimated 4.2
    per annum, one of the highest rates amongst Asian
    cities. Much of this growth is due to migration
    from the outer rural cities
  • It is projected that by 2025, Dhakas population
    will be approximately 25 million people
  • The people of Dhaka are prominently Islam,
    with the second largest religion being Hinduism,
    followed by Buddhism, and Christianity
  • The population literacy rate of the city is
    estimated at 62.3

43
Thimphu
  • LocationBhutan
  • Population98,676

44
Highlights
  • Officially became a city in the mid 20th Century.
  • Rural immigration into Thimpu has helped to
    propel the citys economy and provide with a
    steady stream of resources.
  • Thimphu is Bhutansbiggest city and thecapital
    as well.

45
Geography
  • The Climate consists of subtropical tendencies
    with occasional monsoons.
  • Thimphu has mild temperature summer seasons and
    cool winter seasons
  • A wet period occurs from May-September while the
    rest of the year is considered dry.
  • Thimphu is positioned along the Wang Chhu River
    Valley. The valleys forests and water sources
    are increasingly threatened by pollution and
    measures such as the Thimphu Structure Plan

46
Economy
  • Norzin Lam
  • A present day entertainment district that
    features stores, restaurants, theaters and public
    centers.
  • It represents the culmination of an expansive
    effort to adapt to a larger urban population.
  • Clock Tower Square
  • Newly renovated hub for shopping, food and retail
    interests.

47
Economy
  • The Thimphu economy relies on growing local
    markets, continued infrastructural investment and
    a commitment to tourism.
  • The main source of economic production however,
    involves animal upkeep such as yak rearing and
    agricultural farming. Rice is the most popular
    locally grown crop followed by wheat.
  • Key places of interest include the Jigme Dorji
    Wangchuck National Park

48
City Life
  • Dzongkhags are districts of Bhutan. There are
    twenty such districts in existence.
  • The name of these regions is due to the language
    spoken, known as Dzongkha.
  • Additionally, the Dzongkhags are divided into
    smaller and smaller units, specifically
    onedrungkhag and ten gewogs.
  • Administrators head all Dzongkhags in a similar
    fashion to that of a city council. There are also
    citizen representatives and officials who develop
    and coordinate social and professional
    activities.

49
City Life cont.
  • 60 of the households are supplied with
    electricity.
  • Thimphu is one of only two national capitals in
    all of Asia to exist without traffic lights on
    roads. Traffic officers are used instead.
  • A monument known as The Memorial Chorten is
    Thimphus most revered structure, and was built
    following a notable Kings sudden death.

50
Culture
  • Thimphu was originally ruled by a king as a small
    settlement until recognized as a city.
  • Thimphu is home to the worlds largest Buddha
    statue.
  • It is required that all newly built buildings
    reflect traditional Buddhist heritage.

51
The Future
  • Thimphu has made impressive strides to adapt to
    rapidly evolving 21st Century cultures.
  • A major asset is the citys relatively recent
    boost of funding directed toward education and
    tourism, which are two key factors that may be a
    driving force for its economy.
  • Century of the Monarchy may have been a vital
    moment in Thimphus history, because it sparked a
    sense of national pride to improve existing
    monuments and celebrate historic traditions with
    modern flare.
  • Private secondary schools have increased steadily
    as well as diversified opportunities in higher
    education

52
Work Cited
  • KABUL
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabul
  • http//www.afghanistans.com/Information/People/Rel
    igion.htm
  • Lewin, Brent. "Daily life in Kabul.(CULTURE)(City
    overview)." World and I 22.2 (Feb
    2007) NA. Academic OneFile. Gale. Michigan State
    University Libraries. 27 Oct. 2009  lthttp//find.
    galegroup.com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/gtx/start.do?prodI
    dAONEgt.
  • COLOMBO
  • Vel Festival, Colombo, Sri Lanka. (2009).
    In Colombo Events Guide. Retrieved October 20,
    2009, from World Events Guide http//www.worldeve
    ntsguide.com/event/4205/Colombo-Sri-Lanka/Vel-Fest
    ival.html
  • Sri Lanka-World Spice Food Festival-2009. (2009)
    In taste and share. Retrieved October 20, 2009,
    from taste and share http//www.tasteandshare.com
    /events/sri-lanka-world-spice-food
  • Colombo. (2009). Retrieved October 20, 2009,
    from StateUniveristy.com http//encyclopedia.stat
    euniversity.com/pages/4803/Colombo.htmlixzz0URI7b
    fRq
  • Colombo. (2009). In Encyclopedia Britannica.
    Retrieved October 20, 2009, from Encyclopedia
    Britannica Online http//Britannica.com/EBchecked
    /topic/126117/Colombo
  • Colombo. (2009). In The Columbia Encyclopedia.
    Retrieved October 20, 2009, from The Columbia
    Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, Encyclopedia.com htt
    p//www.encyclopedia.com

53
Work Cited
  • DHAKA
  • http//www.virtualbangladesh.com/bd_cities_dhaka.h
    tml
  • http//travel.nationalgeographic.com/places/cities
    /city_dhaka.html
  • http//www.statemaster.com/encyclopedia/Dhaka
  • http//www.tripadvisor.com/Travel-g293936-s203/Dha
    ka-CityBangladeshHistory.html
  • AHMEDABAD
  • http//www.ahmedabad.com/history.php. 2009. Web.
  • Assessment of Sabarmati River Basin, India. CPSP
    India.
  • http//www.oecd.org/secure/pdfDocument/0,2834,en_
    21571361_34281952_35641667_1_1_1_1,00.pdf. 2009.
    Web.
  • THIMPHU
  • http//www.bhutan.gov.bt/citizen/famCom_index.php
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thimphu
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dzongkhag
  • http//www.thimphu.gov.bt/pictures.php
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