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Mr. Careys Civics Class


Mr. Carey's Civics Class. Chapter 3. The Constitution. Chapter 3, section 2. Underlying Principles: ... Using your text, answer the following question: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mr. Careys Civics Class

Mr. Careys Civics Class
  • Chapter 3
  • The Constitution

Chapter 3, section 2
  • Underlying Principles
  • Foundations for Success

  • Using your text, answer the following question
  • What are the four basic principles upon which
    the U.S. government is based?

Warm-up answer
  • The four basic principles upon which
  • the U.S. government is based are popular
    sovereignty, limited government, federalism, and
    separation of powers.

1.) Popular Sovereignty
  • A.) The people have the right to rule themselves.
  • B.) We rule ourselves through representative
  • C.) Declaration of Independence Constitution
    support this.
  • D.) People express their will through elections.
  • E.) We can remove elected officials.

2.) Limited Government
  • A.) means the power of the government should be
    limited and serve the will of the people.
  • B.) Majority may try to deny rights to minority
    Article I (powers denied Congress) of the
    Constitution prevents this.
  • C.) Examples of limits Government cannot arrest
    or punish people without due process ( charged
    w/ a crime, trial by jury)
  • D.) The Bill of Rights further limits government
    and protects individual rights and liberties.

3. Federalism
  • A.) Another name for the federal system or where
    states and national government share power to
  • B.) By allowing states their own government, the
    Constitution gave Americans the freedom to
    provide for their own needs.
  • C.) Examples of this Delaware may not have the
    same laws governing the environment as, say,
    Alaska. Both states have different environments
    and have different needs.

3.) Federalism continued
  • D.) Three Types of Power
  • 1.) Enumerated Powers powers given specifically
    to the national government. Examples controlling
    immigration, maintaining an army, and
    establishing a postal system.

D.) Three types of Power continued
  • 2.) Reserved Powers powers given to the states.
    Examples power to regulate trade within state,
    set up schools, marriage divorce laws.

Three types of Power continued
  • 3.) Concurrent Powers powers shared by the
    states and national government. Examples collect
    taxes, borrow money, set up courts prisons.

Three types of Power continued
  • 4.) The Supremacy Clause under Article IV of
    the Constitution, the Constitution the national
    government are the supreme law of the land.
    National law has the higher authority than state

4.) Separation of Powers
  • A.) Background English European history filled
    with examples of oppressive governments.
  • B.) French Philosopher, Barob de Montesquieu,
    best way to protect liberty was to divide
    government and their powers into separate
    legislative, executive and judicial branches.

4.) Separation of Powers continued
  • C.) The framers of the Constitution set up the
    three branches with a system of checks and
    balances to prevent one branch from becoming too

  • Rank the following factors in their order of
    importance ( 1 most important) as influences on
    the government the Constitution created
  • Ideas from England
  • Colonial experience in self-government
  • Ideas of writers such as Baron de Montesquieu
  • The Framers knowledge of history, especially
    about oppressive rulers
  • The need to establish order in the country