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DISASTER PREPAREDNESS

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Public Education on all types of disasters through awareness campaigns ... Fire extinguisher: small canister ABC type. Tube tent. Pliers. Tape. Compass ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: DISASTER PREPAREDNESS


1
DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
Dr. A.S.K. NAIR SCIENTIST-E2 Centre for Earth
Science Studies, Akkulam, P.B.No7250,
Thiruvananthapuram-695 031. askearth2004_at_yahoo.com
.sg  
2
Disaster Preparedness
  • Pre-disaster Preparedness
  • Post-disaster Preparedness
  • Efficient action at all levels to save lives
  • Reduce sufferings
  • Minimize damage to property

3
Comprehensive Effort
  • Public Education on all types of disasters
    through awareness campaigns
  • Provision for issuing early warnings
  • Organization of People
  • Disaster Management Training
  • Emergency food stock

4
Natural Disaster Safety Tips
  • Affects the lives of many people each year
  • Within minutes a natural disaster can shatter a
    community.
  • Their lives could be changed for ever.

5
Disaster Management Seven Issues
  • a) Database
  • b) Logistics
  • c) Technological Needs
  • d) Self Reliance
  • e) Communication Infrastructure
  • f) Emergency Preparedness
  • g) Forecasting

6
a) Database
  • On various resources, skills, services required
    for relief at short notice.
  • It will have information on safety equipments,
    oxygen cylinders various other equipments,
    skills and other information required to deal
    with emergency.

7
b) Logistics
  • One of the most difficult problems to be handled
    is the organization of supply chain for relief.
  • This system could not be integrated with the GIS
    system so that supplies could be tracked right
    upto the village.
  • This needs to be done. Likewise, other elements
    of logistics need to be put in place.

8
c) Technological Needs
  • Whole range of technical questions regarding
    buildings, cutting concrete slabs, rescue and
    relief emerged which needed to be solved on the
    spot.
  • The best practices have to be put in use.

9
d) Self Reliance
  • The community self-reliance, lot of aid led to
    excessive inventory at the household level
    leading to reduced incentives for work and
  • self-help.
  • Likewise, there were areas where communities came
    together to help each other.
  • The lessons of community self-help need to be put
    together.
  • A database of volunteers who can move at short
    notice will need to be developed.

10
e) Communication Infrastructure
  • This is a serious problem and has to be resolved
    once for all.
  • It will require network of ham radios, use of All
    India Radio, Television Channels setting up
    help lines, etc.
  • We will also have to create information
    dissemination system and develop mechanism for
    capacity building.

11
f) Emergency Preparedness
  • Drills will have to be organized to keep society
    prepared for dealing with such emergencies.
  • One will have to learn from the experience of
    other similar drills.

12
g) Forecasting
  • Wherever possible, disasters which can be
    anticipated over time or space need to be looked
    into.
  • For instance, buildings erected on land fill
    areas which were wetlands or low lying areas were
    more likely to get damaged, as was borne out by
    the recent evidence.

13
Disaster Preparedness
  • Knowledge and Preparation
  • are the keys to survival in the event of a
    catastrophe.

14
  • Do you want to be prepared?
  • Or
  • Do you want to be surprised?
  • Make disaster preparations at home.
  • Survivalism is a state of mind.

15
The Red Cross on Natural Disasters
  • Disasters happen anytime and anywhere.
  • And when disaster strikes, you may not have much
    time to respond.
  • A highway spill or hazardous material could mean
    evacuation.

16
  • A winter storm could confine your family at home.
    An earthquake, flood, tornado, or any other
    disaster could cut water, electricity, and
    telephones-for days.
  • After a disaster, local officials and relief
    workers will be on the scene, but they cannot
    reach everyone immediately.

17
You could get help in hours, or it may take days.
Would your family be prepared to cope with the
emergency until help arrives?
Your family will cope best by preparing for
disaster before it strikes.
18
  • One way to prepare is by assembling a Disaster
    Supplies Kit.
  • Once disaster hits, you won't have time to shop
    or search for supplies.
  • But if you've gathered supplies in advance, your
    family can endure an evacuation or home
    confinement.

19
Prepare Your Kit
  • Review the checklist below. Gather the supplies
    that are listed. You may need them if your family
    is confined at home.
  • Place the supplies you'd most likely need for an
    evacuation in an easy-to-carry container.
  • These supplies are listed with an asterisk ().

20
  • 6 basic items to be stocked for your home
  • Water
  • food
  • first aid supplies
  • clothing and bedding
  • tools and emergency supplies
  • special items.
  • Keep the items that you would most likely
  • need during an evacuation in an easy-to
  • carry container.

21
  • Possible Containers Include-
  • A large, covered trash container,
  • A camping backpack,
  • A duffle bag.

22
Water
  • Store water in plastic containers such as soft
    drink bottles, etc.
  • Avoid using containers that will decompose or
    break, such as milk cartons or glass bottles.
  • A normally active person needs to drink at least
    5 Ls of water each day.

23
  • Hot environments and intense physical activity
    can double that amount.
  • Children, nursing mothers, and ill people will
    need more. Store 10 Ls of water per person per
    day. Keep at least a three-day supply of water
    per person (30 Ls for drinking, 30 Ls for each
    person in your household for food
    preparation/sanitation).

24
Food
  • Store at least a three-day supply of
    non-perishable food.
  • Select foods that require no refrigeration,
    preparation or cooking, and little or no water.
  • If you must heat food, pack a can of sterno.
  • Select food items that are compact and
    lightweight.

25
Include a selection of the following foods in
your Disaster Kit
  • Supplies Kit
  • Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits, and
    vegetables
  • Canned juices
  • Staples (salt, sugar, pepper, spices, etc.)
  • High energy foods
  • Vitamins
  • Food for infants
  • Comfort/stress foods

26
First Aid Kit
  • Assemble a first aid kit for your home one for
    each car.
  • A first aid kit should include
  • Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
  • Assorted sizes of safety pins
  • Cleansing agent/soap
  • Latex gloves (2 pairs)
  • Sunscreen
  • 2-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)

27
  • 4-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
  • Triangular bandages (3)
  • Non-prescription drugs
  • 2-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
  • 3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
  • Scissors

28
  • Needle
  • Moistened towelettes
  • Antiseptic
  • Thermometer
  • Tongue blades (2)
  • Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant

29
Non-Prescription Drugs
  • Aspirin or nonaspirin pain reliever
  • Anti-diarrhea medication
  • Antacid (for stomach upset)
  • Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if
    advised by the Poison Control Center)
  • Laxative
  • Activated charcoal (use if advised by the Poison
    Control Center)

30
Tools and Supplies
  • Mess kits, or paper cups, plates, and plastic
    utensils
  • Emergency preparedness manual
  • Battery-operated radio and extra batteries
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • Cash or traveler's checks, change
  • Non-electric can opener, utility knife
  • Fire extinguisher small canister ABC type

31
  • Tube tent
  • Pliers
  • Tape
  • Compass
  • Matches in a waterproof container
  • Aluminum foil
  • Plastic storage containers
  • Signal flare

32
  • Paper, pencil
  • Needles, thread
  • Medicine dropper
  • Shut-off wrench, to turn off household gas and
    water
  • Whistle
  • Plastic sheeting
  • Map of the area (for locating shelters)

33
Clothing and Bedding
  • Include at least one complete change of clothing
    footwear per person
  • Sturdys shoes or work boots Rain gear
  • Blankets or sleeping bags
  • Hat and gloves
  • Thermal underwear
  • Sunglasses

34
Special Items
  • Remember family members with special
    requirements, such as infants and elderly or
    disabled persons For Baby
  • Formula
  • Diapers
  • Bottles
  • Powdered milk
  • Medications

35
For Adults
  • Heart and high blood pressure medication
  • Insulin
  • Prescription drugs
  • Denture needs
  • Contact lenses and supplies
  • Extra eye glasses

36
Entertainment
  • Games
  • Books

37
Important Family Documents
  • Keep these records in a waterproof, portable
    container
  • Will, insurance policies, contracts deeds, stocks
    and bonds
  • Passports, social security cards, immunization
    records
  • Bank account numbers
  • Credit card account numbers and companies

38
  • Inventory of valuable household goods, important
    telephone numbers
  • Family records (birth, marriage, death
    certificates)
  • Store your kit in a convenient place known to all
    family members.
  • Keep a smaller version of the Disaster Supplies
    Kit in the trunk of your car.

39
  • Keep items in airtight plastic bags.
  • Change your stored water supply every six months
    so it stays fresh.
  • Replace your stored food every six months.
  • Re-think your kit and family needs at least once
    a year.
  • Replace batteries, update clothes, etc.
  • Ask your physician or pharmacist about storing
    prescription medications.

40
ESCAPE PLAN
  • In a fire or other similar emergency, evacuate on
    a moments notice.
  • Develop an escape plan by drawing a floor plan of
    your residence

41
Show the location of doors, windows,
stairways, large furniture emergency
supplies fire extinguishers, smoke detectors,
collapsible shutters, etc.
42
  • CAUTION……………………………!
  • Are you ready for a Flood/Flash Flood?
  • Are you ready for an Earthquake?
  • Are you ready for a Hurricane?
  • Are you ready for a Fire?

43
Thank You All
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