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Women History Makers


She was featured on Good Morning, America, 20/20, Fox News, and many more programs ... One cannot plant a seed at night and have beans the next morning. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Women History Makers

Women History Makers
  • EDCI658
  • Fall 2006

Marva Collins
The essence of teaching is to make learning
contagious, to have one idea spark another
Marva Collins
  • Grew up in Atmore, Alabama at a time when
    segregation was the rule
  • Attended a school where Black people were not
    permitted to use the public library, and her
    schools had few books, and no indoor plumbing
  • Graduated from Clark College in Atlanta, Georgia
  • She taught school in Alabama for two years.
  • She moved to Chicago and taught in Chicagos
    public school system for fourteen years.
  • Dissatisfaction with the education received by
    her two youngest children in prestigious private

Marva Collins
  • Open her own school on the second floor of her
  • She took the 5,000 balance in her school pension
    fund and began her educational program with an
    enrollment of her own two children and four other
    neighborhood youngsters
  • Westside Preparatory School was founded in 1975
    in Garfield Park, a Chicago inner-city area
  • During the first year, Marva took in learning
    disabled, problem children and even one child who
    had been labeled by Chicago public school
    authorities as borderline retarded
  • At the end of the first year, every child scored
    at least five grades higher

Marva Collins
  • CBS program, 60 minutes, visited her school twice
  • The little girl who was labeled as borderline
    retarded graduated from college Summa Cum Laude
  • Some Marvas students entered the most
    prestigious universities in the country such as
    Harvard, Stanford, and Yale
  • She was featured on Good Morning, America, 20/20,
    Fox News, and many more programs
  • A made-for-television movie titled, The Marva
    Collins Story starred Cicely Tyson and Morgan
    Freeman first aired in1 1982, and is still
    presented on television

Marva Collins
  • Some of her awards are
  • The Jefferson Award for Benefiting the
  • The Humanitarian Award for Excellence
  • Legendary Women of the World Award
  • Many honorary doctoral degrees from universities
    such asAmherst, Dartmouth, Notre Dame, and Clark
  • The prestigious National Humanities Medal from
    President Bush in 2004

Marva Collins
  • Business organizations she has spoken to
  • The National Girl Scouts
  • The National Retailers Association
  • The National Dairy Association
  • The European Division of IBM
  • Xerox Corporation
  • The Million Dollar Roundtable
  • The Young Presidents Organization (YPO)
  • The National Bankers Association
  • Anheuser-Busch,C
  • Coors
  • she has trained executives of Long John Silvers.

Marva Collins Program and Method
  • Her educational program and method are based on
    the Socratic method emphasizing logical analysis
    and sound reasoning skills
  • Her reading materials deliver abstract ideas
  • She encouraged multiple interpretations not one
    correct answer
  • Her 4th graders read Plato Republic and reflect
    on the big question what is justice ?
  • She reads all the materials to be given to her
    students in advance and develops an voluntary
    list called words-to-watch

Marva Collins Program and Method
  • When teaching reading, Marva asks her students to
    predict what is going to happen from the title
    and from the earlier paragraphs
  • By posing questions along with the process of
    reading, she seeks to cultivate meta-cognitive
    skills such as reasoning, providing evidence, and
  • She always asks her students to justify their
  • Her classroom management strategies are to
    involve all her students in the class discussion
    and to encourage self-discipline using reasoning
  • She was against abuse of worksheet, workbook, or
    seatwork on the ground that these methods do not
    encourage analytical thinking

Marva Collins Quotes
  • Effective teaching, I firmly believe, requires
    repetition-drill, repetition-drill,
  • One cannot plant a seed at night and have beans
    the next morning. It is foolish to expect
    anything that hasnt been planted, nurtured,
    tended to, fed, and cared for.
  • If a student of mine doesnt respond to one
    teaching approach, Ill try many different ways
    to get my point across. Id rather spend time
    teaching than testing and labeling.
  • If you can't make a mistake, you can't make
  • Trust yourself. Think for yourself. Act for
    yourself. Speak for yourself. Be yourself.
    Imitation is suicide

Marva Collins Quotes
  • I have a dress code for staff and students in my
    school. Both are expected to arrive each day
    dressed like professionals in the one case, and,
    in the other case, come to school prepared to
    study and learn and practice the excellence that
    is required in the world of successful people.
    Certainly, we should teach children how one
    dresses for work and how one should carry oneself
    with pride and dignity.

Marva Collins Quotes
  • I was in a Florida school last week where one of
    my charges had kicked the principal, and she was
    walking with a cane. He had bitten another
    teacher. When I began the class I said, I am
    honored that you would allow me to be your
    teacher today. Of course, I only know how to
    teach bright boys and girls good looking boys
    and girls, and I can tell that all of you are
    bright, and you are, emphatically, good looking.
    I added, However, if there happens to be any
    dumb children in this class, you may leave now.
    If there are any ugly children in this class,
    you, too, may leave. Continuing, I stated, I
    only know how to teach bright, wonderful,
    good-looking boys and girls. Not one student
    left the classroom.

Marva Collinss Books
  • Marva Collins' Way, by Marva Collins with Civia
  • The Marva Collins method a manual for educating
    and motivating your child by Marva Collins
  • Ordinary Children, Extraordinary Teachers, by
    Marva Collins
  • Values Lighting The Candle of Excellence A
    Practical Guide, by Marva Collins
  • A conversation with Marva Collins A Different
    School by Marva Collins
  • Grandma, What Is Learning? by Marva Collins
  • Redeeming Education by Marva Collins
  • The School that Cared A Story of the Marva
    Collins Preparatory School of Cincinnati, by P.
    Kamara Sekou Collins

Marva Collins Online Resources
  • http//www.marvacollins.com/biography.html
  • http//www.marvacollinspreparatory.com/
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marva_Collins
  • http//www.usdreams.com/Collins9091.html
  • http//www.quotationspage.com/quotes/Marva_Collins

Lynn CheneyThe Second Lady
Lynne Cheney and History Education
  • "One of the important lessons we can learn is
    that freedom isn't inevitable. This realization
    should make the liberty we enjoy all the more
    important to us, all the more worth defending."
  • Lynne Cheney has loved history for as long as she
    can remember, and she has spent much of her
    professional life writing and speaking about the
    importance of knowing history and teaching it

Lynne Cheney and History Education
  • she published American Memory, a report that
    warned about the failure of schools to transmit
    knowledge of the past to upcoming generations
  • She launched the James Madison Book Award Fund,
    which presents a yearly award of 10,000 to the
    book that best represents excellence in bringing
    knowledge and understanding of American history
    to young people

Lynn Cheney Publications
  • She is author or co-author of eight books
  • Kings of the Hill (second edition, 1996, Simon
    Schuster), a book about political figures, among
    them Henry Clay and Sam Rayburn, who played
    powerful roles in the House of Representatives.
    She wrote this book with her husband, who was a
    Congressman from Wyoming from 1979 to 1989.
  • Telling the Truth (Simon Schuster), analyzed
    the effect of postmodernism on study in the

Lynne Cheney Publications
  • Childrens Books
  • America A Patriotic Primer, released in May
    2002, is an alphabet book for children of all
    ages and their families that celebrates the ideas
    and ideals that are the foundations of our
  • A Is for Abigail An Almanac of Amazing American
    Women, published September 2003, tells the story
    of women's contributions to American history
  • When Washington Crossed the Delaware A
    Wintertime Story for Young Patriots, released in
    October 2004, is a straightforward yet elegant
    retelling of history
  • She donated her revenues from these books to

Lynn Cheney Publications
  • Our 50 States A Family Adventure Across America
  • America A Patriotic Primer
  • Sisters
  • http//www.commondreams.org/views04/0811-07.htm
  • Let us go away together, away from the anger and
    imperatives of men. There will be only the two of
    us, and we shall linger through long afternoons
    of sweet retirement. In the evenings I shall read
    to you while your work your cross-stitch in the
    firelight. And then we shall go to bed, our bed,
    my dearest girl.

Lynn Cheney
  • Dated Dick Cheney since high school and married
    in 1964
  • They had two grown daughters Mary and Elizabeth
    and four grandchildren
  • http//www.amazon.com/s/refnb_ss_gw/104-1706213-4
  • http//archive.salon.com/politics/feature/2000/08/
  • http//www.whitehouse.gov/mrscheney/bio.html
  • http//www.commondreams.org/views04/0811-07.htm

Diane Ravitch
Diane Ravitch
  • Diane Ravitch is a historian of education, an
    educational policy analyst, and former United
    States Assistant Secretary of Education who is
    now a research professor at New York University's
    Steinhardt School of Education
  • She was born in 1938 in Houston, Texas, where she
    went to public schools. She is a graduate of
    Wellesley College, has a Ph.D. from Columbia
    University, and lives in Brooklyn, New York City

Diane Ravitch
  • Assistant Secretary of Education (1991-1993) to
    Lamar Alexander during George H. W. Bush
  • She led the federal effort to promote the
    creation of state and national academic standards
  • She was a member of the National Assessment
    Governing Board from 1997 to 2004 (Appointed by
    Secretary of Education Richard Riley in 1997 and
    reappointed in 2001)
  • From 1995 until 2005, she held the Brown Chair in
    Education Studies at the Brookings Institution
    and edited Brookings Papers on Education Policy
  • Before entering government service, she was
    Adjunct Professor of History and Education at
    Teachers College, Columbia University national
    academic standards

Diane Ravitch Published Works
  • The Language Police How Pressure Groups Restrict
    What Students Learn (2003)
  • Left Back A Century of Battles Over School
    Reform (2000)
  • National Standards in American Education A
    Citizen's Guide (1995)
  • What Do Our 17-Year-Olds Know? (with Chester
    Finn, Jr.) 1987
  • The Schools We Deserve (1985)
  • The Troubled Crusade American Education,
    1945-1980 (1983)
  • The Revisionists Revised (1978)
  • The Great School Wars New York City, 1805-1973

Diane Ravitch Published Works
  • Edited fourteen books some of them are
  • The American Reader (1991)
  • The Democracy Reader (with Abigail Thernstrom)
  • Learning from the Past (with Maris Vinovskis)
  • New Schools for a New Century (with Joseph
    Viteritti) 1997
  • She has written more than 400 articles and
    reviews for scholarly and popular publications

Diane Ravitchs International Influences
  • She has lectured in Poland, the former
    Czechoslovakia, the Czech Republic, Romania, the
    former Soviet Union, Hungary, the former
    Yugoslavia, Germany, Japan, Nicaragua, and
    throughout the United States.
  • Her lectures on democracy and civic education
    have been translated by the USIA into many
    languages, including Polish, Lithuanian, Latvian,
    Russian, Belarussian, and Ukrainian.
  • Her books have been translated into many
    languages, including Chinese, Arabic, Spanish,
    Swedish, and Japanese

Diane Ravitch
  • She was elected to membership in
  • the National Academy of Education (1979)
  • the Society of American Historians (1984)
  • the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1985)
  • the Eleanor Roosevelt Fellow of the American
    Academy of Political and Social Sciences (2002)
  • She was selected as a Phi Beta Kappa Visiting
    Scholar in 1984-85, the first person chosen from
    the field of education studies
  • She was awarded the Henry Allen Moe prize in the
    humanities by the American Philosophical Society
    in 1986

Diane Ravitch
  • In 1988, she was designated an "honorary citizen
    of the state of California" by the State
    Legislature in recognition of her contributions
    to the state's history curriculum and its human
    rights curriculum
  • In 1989, she received the Wellesley College
    Alumnae Achievement Award in 1989
  • She was honored as a Literary Lion by the New
    York Public Library in 1992
  • The Library of Congress invited her to deliver
    lectures in 1993 in honor of the 250th birthday
    of Thomas Jefferson
  • She received the Leadership Award of the
    Klingenstein Institute at Teachers College in
    1994 and the Horace Kidger Award of the New
    England History Teachers Association in 1998.

Diane Ravitch
  • In 2004, she received the Leadership Award of the
    New York City Council of Supervisors and
  • In 2005, she received the John Dewey award from
    the United Federation of Teachers of New York
    City the Gaudium Award of the Breukelein
    Institute and the Uncommon Book Award from the
    Hoover Institution
  • In 2006, the Kenneth J. Bialkin/Citigroup Public
    Service Award was conferred on her.
  • She was awarded an honorary degree, Doctor of
    Humane Letters, by the following institutions
    Williams College Reed College Amherst College
    the State University of New York Ramapo College
    St. Joseph's College of New York Middlebury
    College Language Schools and Union College.

Diane Ravitch
  • Her most recent book The Language Police (2003)
    was a criticism of both left-wing and right-wing
    attempts to stifle the study and expression of
    views deemed unworthy by those groups. (See
    political correctness multiculturalism)
  • The book asserts that "pressure groups from the
    political right and left have wrested control of
    the language and content of textbooks and
    standardized exams, often at the expense of the
    truth (in the case of history), of literary
    quality (in the case of literature), and of
    education in general"
  • Publishers Weekly wrote "Ravitch contends that
    these sanitized materials sacrifice literary
    quality and historical accuracy in order to
    escape controversy

Diane Ravitch
  • Her critique of Multiculturalism and her calls
    for higher standards in public life have drawn
  • She is independent politically and was appointed
    to public office by both Republican president,
    George H. W. Bush and Democrat president Bill

Diane Ravitch Quotes
  • Behind this disagreement are two different
    assumptions I assume that our education system
    should aim to educate everyone who comes to
    school the other side says that ability is
    distributed along a bell-shaped curve and that we
    should not be overly concerned about the laggards
    because we will always need people to pick up the
    trash and sweep the streets. I confess that I get
    confused at this point because the current
    argument favoring low or no standards is coming
    from people who claim to be on the left.

Diane Ravitch Quotes
  • Some evidence recently surfaced, which suggests
    that a democratic society pays a price for
    widespread ignorance. The Princeton Review, best
    known for its test preparation services, analyzed
    the vocabulary used by the presidential
    candidates in the campaign debates of 2000 and
    compared it to the vocabulary levels used in
    earlier campaign debates.

Diane Ravitch Quotes
  • The Princeton Review obtained transcripts of the
    Gore-Bush debates, the Clinton-Bush-Perot debate
    of 1992, the Kennedy-Nixon debate of 1960, and
    the Lincoln-Douglas debate of 1858. It analyzed
    these transcripts using a standard vocabulary
    test that indicates the minimum educational level
    needed for a reader to understand a document.
    This test is ordinarily used to evaluate
    textbooks and other educational materials.

Diane Ravitch Quotes
  • The results? In the debates of 2000, George W.
    Bush spoke at a sixth-grade level (6.7) Al Gore
    spoke at a high seventh-grade level (7.9). In
    1992, challenger Bill Clinton scored in the
    seventh grade (7.6), President George Bush in the
    sixth grade (6.8), and Ross Perot at a
    sixth-grade level (6.3) (I am also confused why
    the left presidents scored higher)
  • Our contemporary politicians, who found it
    necessary to speak to us as sixth and seventh
    graders, compared unfavorably with Kennedy and
    Nixon, both of whom spoke in a vocabulary
    appropriate for tenth graders. And they, in turn,
    looked sophomoric when compared to Abraham
    Lincoln and Stephen Douglas, whose scores,
    respectively, were 11.2 and 12.0

Diane Ravitch Quotes
  • That may be a tough question to answer briefly. I
    would say that it (9/11) must be treated as the
    worst terrorist act in all history, the worst
    single loss of life on American soil other than
    in one Civil War battle. The event itself must be
    described in its true horror. The perpetrators of
    the evil must be identified clearly and their
    affiliation with radical extremist Islam must be
    explained. The explanation must show how this
    form of extremism seeks to create a theocratic
    society that threatens our most basic values
    that it is non-democratic, does not believe in
    women's equality, does not tolerate freedom of
    speech or expression, seeks to impose religious
    rule over all institutions. That it is
    anti-modern and is a threat not only to us but to
    world peace and development.

Diane Ravitch Online Resources
  • http//www.dianeravitch.com/
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diane_Ravitch
  • http//www.hoover.org/pubaffairs/dailyreport/archi
  • http//www.nationalreview.com/interrogatory/interr

Deborah Meier
I wouldnt give the same test to everyone. I
would rather test students in the same way that
we test most things, by having good conversations
Deborah Meier
  • Deborah Meier has spent more than three decades
    working in public education as a teacher,
    principal, writer, advocate, and ranks among the
    most acclaimed leaders of the school reform
    movement in the U.S.
  • Meier was born in New York City in 1931
  • Was educated at Antioch College (B. A.) and the
    University of Chicago (M. A.)
  • She began her teaching career in Chicago, New
    York, and Philadelphia as an elementary and Head
    Start teacher

Deborah Meier
  • For 20 years, Meier helped revitalize public
    schools in New York Citys East Harlem district
  • In 1974, Superintendent Tony Alvarado asked Meier
    to test her theories in a new elementary school
    in Harlems District 4, where test scores were
    the lowest in the city
  • She founded Central Park Elementary School (CPE),
    a highly successful alternative school
    emphasizing active learning based on Deweys
    progressive thoughts
  • Within the next dozen years, Meier opened two
    other Central Park elementary schools and, in
    collaboration with the National Coalition of
    Essential Schools, the Central Park East
    Secondary School

Deborah Meier
  • Give teachers autonomy
  • Give parents voices
  • Her school reached a graduation rate of 90 and
    became a model for Small School Collaborative
  • Meier is currently the principal of the Mission
    Hill School, a K-8 pilot elementary school
    recently established in Bostons Roxbury
  • Received a MacArthur Fellowship and several
    honorary degrees form from Bank Street College of
    Education, Brown, Bard, Clark, Teachers College
    of Columbia University, Dartmouth, Harvard,
    Hebrew Union College, Hofstra, The New School,
    Lesley College, SUNY Albany, UMASS Lowell, and

Deborah Meier
  • Meier documented her story and experience at
    Central Park East Secondary School in The Power
    of their Ideas Lessons for America from a Small
    School in Harlem (1995)
  • Will Standards Save Public Education? (2000)
  • In Schools We Trust Creating Communities of
    Learning in an Era of Testing and Standardization
  • With Ted and Nancy Sizer, Keeping School Letters
    to Families from Principals of Two Small Schools
  • Co-edited with George Wood, Many Children Left
    Behind (2004), all published by Beacon Press

Deborah Meier Quotes
  • The standardization movement is not based on a
    simple mistake. It rests on deep assumptions
    about the goals of education and the proper
    exercise of authority in the making of decisions
    assumptions we ought to reject in favor of a
    different vision of a healthy democratic society
  • By shifting the locus of authority to outside
    bodies, it undermines the capacity of schools to
    instruct by example in the qualities of mind that
    schools in a democracy should be fostering in
    kidsresponsibility for ones own ideas,
    tolerance for the ideas of others, and a capacity
    to negotiate differences

Deborah Meier Quotes
  • The coalition of experts which produced A Nation
    at Risk were wrong when they announced the
    failure of American public education and its
    critical role in our economic decline.
    Constructive debate about reform should begin by
    acknowledging this misjudgment. But it should
    then also acknowledge the even bigger crisis that
    schools have played a major part in deepening, if
    not actually creating, and could play a big part
    in curing. This crisis requires quite a different
    set of responses, often in direct conflict with

Deborah Meier Quotes
  • An understanding of this other crisis begins by
    noting that we have the lowest voter turnout by
    far of any modern industrial country we are
    exceptional for the absence of responsible care
    for our most vulnerable citizens (we spend less
    on child welfarebaby care, medical care, family
    leavethan almost every competitor) we dont
    come close to our competitors in income equity
    and our high rate of (and investment in)
    incarceration places us in a class by ourselves.
    All of these, of course, effect some citizens far
    more than others and the heaviest burdens fall
    on the poor, the young, and people of color.

Deborah Meier Quotes
  • What is quality teaching?
  • Teaching that engages or reengages kids and
    their curiosity about the world, gets them asking
    questions and subjecting their own and other
    people's ideas to tough testing, that calls upon
    the best habits of mind and imagination, that
    makes perseverance seem obvious and natural, that
    widens their horizons in terms of subject matter,
    people, and places

Deborah Meier Quotes
  • How do race and class play out in relation to
    teaching quality?
  • For significant conversations to take place we
    need a teaching force that reflects the diversity
    of learners that is able to grapple with the
    various perspectives and difficulties that we
    experience as learners in our society. How things
    "seem to be" through the eyes of males vs.
    females, blacks vs. whites, the well-off vs. the
    poorly off is critical to developing schools that
    take advantage of our children's multiple

Deborah Meier Quotes
  • What I wanted was to create thoughtful citizens
    people who believed they could live interesting
    lives and be productive and socially useful. So I
    tried to create a community of children and
    adults where the adults shared and respected the
    childrens lives

Deborah Meier Online Resources
  • http//www.deborahmeier.com/
  • http//www.pbs.org/kcet/publicschool/innovators/me
  • http//www.pbs.org/merrow/tv/trust/interviews.html
  • http//bostonreview.net/BR24.6/meier.html
  • http//bostonreview.net/BR24.6/meier2.html
  • http//schoolredesign.net/srn/server.php?idx545
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deborah_Meier
  • http//www.rethinkingschools.org/archive/20_02/deb
  • http//www.missionhillschool.org/dmeier/deb.html
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