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The UK Millennium Cohort Study

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Centre for Longitudinal Studies. Institute of Education, University of London. British Birth Cohort ... Birth dates. England & Wales: September 2000 to Aug 2001 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The UK Millennium Cohort Study


1
The UK Millennium Cohort Study
  • The Long View Longitudinal Studies in Scotland
  • February 26 2004

Lisa Calderwood Centre for Longitudinal
Studies Institute of Education, University of
London
2
British Birth Cohort Studies
  • Previous UK/GB National Studies
  • 1946 MRC National Survey of Health
    Development
  • 1958 National Child Development Study
  • 1970 1970 British Birth Cohort Study
  • MCS the first national birth cohort study for
    30 years 2000-1
  • 1958, 1970 MCS based at IOE

3
Objectives of MCS
  • To chart the initial conditions of the social,
    economic and health advantages and disadvantages
    facing new children in the new century
  • To capture information for the future
  • To compare patterns of development with other
    cohorts
  • To collect information on previously neglected
    topics, such as fathers involvement, child
    care

    ./

4
Objectives
  • To chart the experience of mothers and fathers
  • To emphasise intergenerational links
  • To investigate the wider social ecology of the
    family, including community and services,
    splicing in geo-coded data when available.
  • To provide evidence for the National Evaluation
    of Sure Start and of the Childrens Fund -in
    England.

5
MCS Sponsors
  • Economic Social Research Council
  • ONS consortium of Government Departments
  •       ONS
  •       DfES
  •       DWP
  •       DoH
  •       Welsh Assembly
  •   Scottish Executive
  •       NI Executive
  • SureStart National Evaluation in England

6
Government-funded enhancements
  • Boosted original sample size 15,000 to 20,000
  • Extending first interview of mother and father
  • Incorporation of linkage of heath records
    neighbourhood data
  • Further analyses and reports
  • Supplementary surveys of fertility treatment
    Health Visitors
  • Survey of older siblings at age 3

7
Design Features of MCS
  • Cohort born over 12 month period
  • Season of birth effects
  • Spread workload of professional interviewers
  • Sampling necessitated
  • Geographically clustered by electoral ward
  • Wards being disproportionately stratified
  • Better approach to issue of community local
    services
  • Content multi-purpose multidisciplinary but
    with greater emphasis on social rather than
    medical

8
MCS First Survey Fieldwork Data
  • Birth dates
  • England Wales September 2000 to Aug 2001
  • Scotland N. IrelandDec 2000 to Jan 2002 ( 6
    weeks)
  • Fieldwork child 9-10 months old
  • England Wales June 2001 to Aug 2002
  • Scotland N. IrelandSeptember 2001 to Jan 2003
  • Data Archive Deposit May 2003

9
Elements and content of the first survey Mother
(75 mins)
  • Interview
  • Self-completion

Babys temperament behaviour Relationship with
partner Previous relationships Domestic
tasks Previous pregnancies Mental
health Attitudes to relationships, parenting,
work, etc
Ethnicity language Babys father Lone
parenthood Pregnancy, labour delivery Babys
health development Childcare Grandparents,
friends social support Parental
health Education training Employment
earnings Housing, local community services Time
with without the baby Other interests
10
Elements and content of the first survey Father
(30 mins)
  • Self-Completion
  • Interview

Babys temperament behaviour Relationship with
partner Previous relationships Children living
elsewhere Mental health Attitudes to
relationships, parenting, work, etc
Ethnicity language Fathers involvement with
baby Grandparents, friends social
support Parental health Education
training Employment earnings Time with
without the baby Other interests
11
MCS1 sample size, by country
12
MCS1 response, by strata and country

13
MCS2 Design Fieldwork
  • The second MCS survey is taking place around the
    time of the childrens third birthdays
  • The survey will follow all those 18553 families
    who took part in MCS1
  • Fieldwork started in September 2003 in England
    Wales and in December 2003 in Scotland Northern
    Ireland
  • MCS2 includes Mums (60 mins), Dads (17mins), the
    cohort children themselves (30mins) and older
    siblings

14
MCS2 Elements of the survey
  • Cognitive assessments
  • British Ability Scales (II)
  • Bracken Basic Concept Scale Revised (BBCS-R)
  • Measurement of Height Weight
  • Sample of Saliva (not for DNA purposes)
  • Interviewer observation of home environment
    neighbourhood
  • Older Siblings

15
Employment of MCS mothers by country and type of
area
16
Parents Employment in Scotland
17
Mothers Breast-feeding by country
18
Fathers Involvement in Scotland
  • 88 of Fathers in Scotland (85 UK) look after
    the cohort child at least weekly and 66 of
    Fathers in Scotland (57 UK) change a nappy at
    least once a day.
  • Longitudinal Evidence
  • A strong father figure is associated with
    academic success (Flouri et al 2003)
  • Girls whose fathers are involved in their
    upbringing are less likely to have mental health
    problems in later life (Flouri and Buchanan 2002)

19
MCS1 A Users Guide to Initial Findings.
  • Household structure characteristics
  • Ethnic identity
  • Partnerships and parenthood
  • Wider family
  • Pregnancy, delivery and labour
  • Babies health and development
  • Parenting and parents psycho-social adjustment
  • Parents health
  • Parental employment and education
  • Child care
  • Income and Benefits
  • Housing and the area
  • Citizenship

20
Analysis Possibilities
  • MCS1 now
  • MCS2 mid 2005
  • Cross cohort analysis
  • Cross source e.g. census,
  • International comparisons
  • Canada,
  • Australia
  • USA
  • Young Lives Ethiopia, India, Vietnam, Peru
  • Scandinavia

21
MCS The Future of Data collection
  • Future surveys are planned for
  • Age 5 2005-6
  • Age 7 2007-8
  • etc.
  • Possible future design elements
  • Obtain info on or from daycare provider at 3
  • At 5 and 7 Repeat interviews with resident
    parents
  • Repeat cognitive and behavioural assessments with
    children
  • Collect information from Schools?
  • Collect information on childs hospital episodes?

22
Useful Websites for Further Information
  • http//www.cls.ioe.ac.uk/Cohort/MCS/mcsmain.htm
  • Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) Main page
  • Includes Rationale, Surveys, MCS Launch, Data
    Archive, Documentation, Contact details
  •  
  • http//www.cls.ioe.ac.uk/Cohort/MCS/Publications/m
    ainpubs.htm
  • Annual report, Conference Papers, Journal
    Articles
  •  
  • http//ioewebserver.ioe.ac.uk/ioe/cms/get.asp?cid
    6186
  • Bedford Group (BG) on the Institute of Education
    (IoE) Website
  •  
  • http//ioewebserver.ioe.ac.uk/ioe/cms/get.asp?cid
    61946194_08239
  • MCS on BG/IoE Website including the MCS Users
    Guide to Initial Findings (Descriptive Report)
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